Early childood influencesondevelopment

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Early childood influencesondevelopment

  1. 1. Group: Early ChildhoodTitle: Influences on DevelopmentNames:Buctuan, Sharnie Faye G.<br />
  2. 2. Influences on Development<br /><ul><li> Parents
  3. 3. Siblings
  4. 4. Peers</li></li></ul><li>Dimensions of Child Rearing(Parents have diff. approaches in rearing their children)<br /><ul><li>Warmth-Coldness</li></ul>Warmth parents are affectionate toward their children.<br />Cold parents may not enjoy being with their children and may have a few feelings of affection for them.<br />
  5. 5. Dimensions of Child Rearing(Parents have diff. approaches in rearing their children)<br /><ul><li> Restrictiveness-Permissiveness</li></ul> Restrictive parents tend to impose rules and to watch their children closely.<br />Permissive parents impose few rules and supervise children less closely.<br />
  6. 6. How Parents Enforce Restrictions<br /> Parents tend to use the methods of induction, power assertion, and withdrawal of love.<br />
  7. 7. How Parents Enforce Restrictions<br /><ul><li>Inductive Methods</li></ul>Aim to impart knowledge that will enable children to generate disable behavior. The main inductive technique is reasoning or explaining why kind of behavior is good and another is bad.<br />
  8. 8. Inductive ReasoningInductive methods attempt to teach children the principles they use in guiding their own behavior.<br />
  9. 9. How Parents Enforce Restrictions<br /><ul><li>Power-Assertive</li></ul> Methods include physical punishment and denial privileges.<br />Ex. Parental punishment and rejection<br />
  10. 10. <ul><li>Withdrawal of love</li></ul>Some parents control children by threatening them with withdrawal of love.<br /> Ex. Parents isolate or ignore misbehaving children.<br />How Parents Enforce Restrictions<br />
  11. 11. Parenting Styles: (How Parents Transmit Values and Standards)<br /><ul><li>Authoritative Parents, a child raring style in which parents are restrictive and demanding yet communicative and warm.</li></ul>Ex. They make strong efforts to control their children . However, they also reason with their children and show them strong support and feelings of love.<br />
  12. 12. <ul><li>Authoritarian Parents, have strict guidelines for right and wrong, their enforcement methods rely on force.</li></ul>Parenting Styles: (How Parents Transmit Values and Standards)<br />
  13. 13. <ul><li>Permissive Parents</li></ul>2 Types<br /><ul><li>Permissive-Indulgent, a child rearing style in which parents are not controlling and restrictive but are warm.
  14. 14. Rejecting-neglecting, a child rearing style in which parents are neither restrictive and controlling nor supportive and responsive.</li></ul>Parenting Styles: (How Parents Transmit Values and Standards)<br />
  15. 15. Effects of the Situation and the Child on Parenting Styles<br /><ul><li>Influence of Siblings</li></ul> Siblings make a unique contribution to one another’s social, emotional, and cognitive development.<br />
  16. 16. Effects of the Situation and the Child on Parenting Styles<br /><ul><li>Adjusting to the Birth of a Sibling</li></ul> The birth of a sister or brother is often a source of stress for young children because of changes in family relationships and the environment.<br />
  17. 17. <ul><li>Regression</li></ul> A return to behaviors characteristic of earlier stages of development.<br />Ex. Babyish behavior such as increased clinging, crying, anger and naughtiness.<br /><ul><li>Sibling Rivalry</li></ul> Jealousy and rivalry among brothers and sisters.<br />Effects of the Situation and the Child on Parenting Styles<br />

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