Early childood influencesondevelopment
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Early childood influencesondevelopment

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Early childood influencesondevelopment Early childood influencesondevelopment Presentation Transcript

  • Group: Early ChildhoodTitle: Influences on DevelopmentNames:Buctuan, Sharnie Faye G.
  • Influences on Development
    • Parents
    • Siblings
    • Peers
  • Dimensions of Child Rearing(Parents have diff. approaches in rearing their children)
    • Warmth-Coldness
    Warmth parents are affectionate toward their children.
    Cold parents may not enjoy being with their children and may have a few feelings of affection for them.
  • Dimensions of Child Rearing(Parents have diff. approaches in rearing their children)
    • Restrictiveness-Permissiveness
    Restrictive parents tend to impose rules and to watch their children closely.
    Permissive parents impose few rules and supervise children less closely.
  • How Parents Enforce Restrictions
    Parents tend to use the methods of induction, power assertion, and withdrawal of love.
  • How Parents Enforce Restrictions
    • Inductive Methods
    Aim to impart knowledge that will enable children to generate disable behavior. The main inductive technique is reasoning or explaining why kind of behavior is good and another is bad.
  • Inductive ReasoningInductive methods attempt to teach children the principles they use in guiding their own behavior.
  • How Parents Enforce Restrictions
    • Power-Assertive
    Methods include physical punishment and denial privileges.
    Ex. Parental punishment and rejection
    • Withdrawal of love
    Some parents control children by threatening them with withdrawal of love.
    Ex. Parents isolate or ignore misbehaving children.
    How Parents Enforce Restrictions
  • Parenting Styles: (How Parents Transmit Values and Standards)
    • Authoritative Parents, a child raring style in which parents are restrictive and demanding yet communicative and warm.
    Ex. They make strong efforts to control their children . However, they also reason with their children and show them strong support and feelings of love.
    • Authoritarian Parents, have strict guidelines for right and wrong, their enforcement methods rely on force.
    Parenting Styles: (How Parents Transmit Values and Standards)
    • Permissive Parents
    2 Types
    • Permissive-Indulgent, a child rearing style in which parents are not controlling and restrictive but are warm.
    • Rejecting-neglecting, a child rearing style in which parents are neither restrictive and controlling nor supportive and responsive.
    Parenting Styles: (How Parents Transmit Values and Standards)
  • Effects of the Situation and the Child on Parenting Styles
    • Influence of Siblings
    Siblings make a unique contribution to one another’s social, emotional, and cognitive development.
  • Effects of the Situation and the Child on Parenting Styles
    • Adjusting to the Birth of a Sibling
    The birth of a sister or brother is often a source of stress for young children because of changes in family relationships and the environment.
    • Regression
    A return to behaviors characteristic of earlier stages of development.
    Ex. Babyish behavior such as increased clinging, crying, anger and naughtiness.
    • Sibling Rivalry
    Jealousy and rivalry among brothers and sisters.
    Effects of the Situation and the Child on Parenting Styles