Keyboarding in the Primary Grades (YTO Series)


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A discussion starter on keyboarding in the Primary Grades - provides research quotes, links to keyboarding games, etc. Part of the "Your Thoughts On..." series. YOu can add your thoughts on each slide here or in Voicethread:

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  • I’ve set up this voice thread to collect stories, experiences, ideas and issues about keyboarding in the Primary Grades. Are you a primary teacher or someone working with Primary Students and have information about keyboarding activities? Then I’d love to hear your thoughts!
  • Throughout this voicethread, I’ve included a number of slides with research findings, typing games, and reflections – I’m hoping they will be discussion starters. Please add your thoughts, opinions, and experiences where you see fit.
  • Do you feel it’s necessary that a teacher get formal training to teach keyboarding? What would this training look like?
  • How can we even think to emphasize touch typing when there are so many different inputting devices. Perhaps we should be focussing on changing from the QWERTY keyboard to something more modern not founded on making the fingers move slower.
  • Does a two finger typist whose comfortable with their typing skills, have a tougher time composing straight onto the computer than touch typist?
  • If the students aren’t going to be applying their new skills regularly – are we not wasting the time? How much repetition and reinforcement is needed?
  • Is this your experience?
  • What are the steps in your keyboarding program?
  • Do you use any of these methods? Are there others worth looking into?
  • So touch typing is best used for copying…I ask again, does the person who types by hunting and pecking, at a disadvantage when it comes to composing straight onto the computer?
  • Do you have any stories to share about keyboarding and children with exceptionalities?
  • Is your school district prescriptive like this when it comes to primary keyboarding?
  • Research suggests that on average Grades 4 through 6 write a speed of 10 wpm – Can your grade 4 students type that fast?
  • What should we give up in the curriculum to fit in more keyboarding? Or should we just get smarter at integrating technology and main stream curriculum activities.
  • Do you have a story that will substantiate this idea?
  • There is a time and place for everything, perhaps touch typing should go back to be an elective in Grade 9 and leave primary students to their own techniques.
  • Have you used either of these products or websites? Do you recommend any websites or products to parents so that keyboarding can be reinforced at home.
  • So keying skills are key!
  • Do you have any experience with any of these games with your students?
  • Do you emphasize good mouse technique first and then move onto keyboarding?
  • Which is more important in your experience – accuracy or speed?
  • What about these activities – have you used any?
  • Do you use visuals to help the students learn which key to press with which finger? Can you tell me about them?
  • Any last thoughts?
  • Keyboarding in the Primary Grades (YTO Series)

    1. 1. Y T O n….. Keyboarding in the Primary Grades houghts our
    2. 2. Student writing develops faster through word processing because it facilitates the review and revision learning process. Zeitz, 2008
    3. 3. … .only a small proportion of classroom teachers have any formal preparation for teaching keyboarding (Sormunen, 1991). Zeitz, 2008 -
    4. 4.
    5. 5. Everyone seems to agree that keyboard familiarization is in order, but whether to stop there or to teach touch typing to elementary school students is controversial. Shuller, 1989
    6. 6. “ Learning key location requires a sequential introduction of the keys along with a great deal of repetition and reinforcement to develop the kinesthetic memory traces leading to keyboarding automaticity.” Zeitz, 2008 -
    7. 7. ..five and six year olds who are unfamiliar with keyboards can compose more quickly and easily on computers than by hand (Wetzel, 1985). Shuller, 1989
    8. 8. [Typing] efficiency is expanded if keyboarders type short letter clusters and words as single units instead of groups of individual letters (e.g., er, ing, the, my) Zeitz, 2008 -
    9. 9. FOUR 30-minute lessons are all it takes for early elementary students to learn the letters on the keyboard and correct finger use. Each lesson can be split into two 15-minute lessons Students learn all 26 letters of the alphabet in one quick easy lesson. Practice lessons are given on the software that helps students develop speed and accuracy. In less than 5 hours they students can be typing 20 wpm. Almena Method Nail It Now Method Students learn jingles to aid in memorizing key location
    10. 10. Gertner and Norman (1984) have observed that the main advantage of touch typing is in copying Shuller, 1989
    11. 11. ‘ Take the pencil out of the process’ – especially for children with ASD. Leslie Broun, 2009,
    12. 12. <ul><li>Teach K-2 students to: </li></ul><ul><li>Use left hand right hand correctly. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the shift key to capitalize. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the space bar between words. (reinforce 1 space) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the space bar after punctuation. (1 space after periods) </li></ul></ul>What are your Primary Keyboarding Expectations?
    13. 13. Elementary students need to be able to type at least as fast as they can write by hand to avoid interfering with their writing process Shuller, 1989
    14. 14. Fry (1987) has proposed that schools eliminate the teaching of cursive writing and substitute keyboarding. Shuller, 1989
    15. 15. Early introduction reduces bad habit development and provides additional benefits that include improvements in spelling, writing, and reading comprehension. Zeitz, 2008 -
    16. 16. There is no empirical evidence to substantiate the claim that teaching touch typing to students who first learned to type without proper fingering techniques is very difficult or impossible Shuller, 1989
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    18. 18. Utah State -
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    22. 22. Barracuda
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    24. 24. Other Resources