Bullying prevention powerpoint_final_1


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  • If bullying is happening, parent should take action to prevent any further bullying. Listen and talk to them and offer them some compassion support.Yet, luckily, I read an article about like an on-star for phone that has been working perfectly for me and my family. With just a click of a button, you get conferenced with an emergency response agent, a list of people in your so called-safety network, and can even get escalated to the nearest 911. I read it from this article, http://Safekidzone.com/
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  • Bullying or harassing behavior includes, but is not limited to, acts reasonably perceived as being motivated by any actual or perceived differentiating characteristic, such as race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, gender, socioeconomic status, academic status, gender identity or expression, physical appearance, sexual orientation, or mental, physical, developmental, or sensory disability, or by association with a person who has or is perceived to have one or more of these characteristics.
  • Gender and racial differences…. Hispanic students more frequently bully African-American students less likely to be bullied Also found bullying associated with other problem behaviors such as drinking alcohol and smoking
  • Based on this chart, what would you predict bullying rates look like in elementary school? In elementary school 9 of 10 students report being bullied and 6 of 10 report bullying…. Elementary – mostly physical and younger students Middle – mix between physical and verbal High – mostly verbal
  • Boys are just more aggressive in general so they may also score higher on RA scales than girls Important is that boys are doing it too!
  • Bullying is at least suspected in most school shooting cases.
  • Bullying prevention powerpoint_final_1

    1. 1. Bullying Prevention Nijelle Dixon Brandi Jacobs Sandra Martinez-Zuniga Lauren Riggs
    2. 2. <ul><li>Bullied to Death </li></ul>
    3. 3. On June 2009… <ul><li>House Bill 548: School Violence Prevention Act </li></ul><ul><li>This bill requires schools to adopt strong policies against bullying and harassment. </li></ul>
    4. 4. What Is Bullying? <ul><li>“ A student is being bullied or victimized when he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other students.” </li></ul>
    5. 5. What Is Bullying? <ul><li>Bullying can include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name-Calling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Threatening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excluding someone from a group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destroying someone’s properties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bullying is a learned behavior, evident as early as two years of age– thus this is an issue that can be addressed starting as early as Pre/Elementary school </li></ul>
    6. 6. What Is Bullying? <ul><li>Direct Bullying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can usually be seen and felt readily </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indirect Bullying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is much more difficult to identify </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More difficult to remedy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boys are more typically engaged in direct bullying and girls in indirect bullying but that is not always the case </li></ul>
    7. 7. Relational Aggression <ul><li>A form of indirect bullying </li></ul><ul><li>Relational aggression (RA) is used to cause damage to relationships or social status within a group rather than using physical violence </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive RA is a means for achieving a goal (excluding a girl to maintain your own social status) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preplanned and calculated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No remorse shown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectually driven </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reactive RA is a defensive response to provocation with intent to retaliate (a child is teased and then becomes a teaser himself) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Relational Aggression <ul><li>RA includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intimidating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spreading Rumors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Betrayal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humiliation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excluding someone from a group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Switching seats in the classroom or cafeteria </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RA can usually be seen amongst girls but is not limited to this group </li></ul>
    9. 9. CYBER BULLYING <ul><li>Cyber bullying (CB) is when a child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive or digital technologies or mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>CB has to have a minor or both sides, or at least have been instigated by a minor against another minor. </li></ul><ul><li>Once adults become involved, it is plain and simple cyber-harassment or cyber-stalking. Adult cyber-harassment/stalking is NEVER called cyber bullying (stopcyberbullying.org) </li></ul>
    10. 10. CYBER BULLYING <ul><li>Direct attacks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Messages sent to kids directly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cyber Bullying by Proxy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using others to help cyber bully the victim either with or without the accomplice’s knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because Cyber Bullying by Proxy often gets adults involved in the harassment, it is much more dangerous </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. CYBER BULLYING <ul><li>The methods used are limited only by the child’s imagination and access to technology </li></ul><ul><li>Kids often change roles, going from victim to bully and back again </li></ul><ul><li>When schools try to get involved by disciplining the student for cyber bullying actions that take place off-campus and outside of school hours, they are often sued for exceeding their authority and violating the student’s free speech right; they also, often lose! </li></ul>
    12. 12. CYBER BULLYING <ul><li>Schools can be very effective brokers in working with parents to stop and remedy cyber bullying situations </li></ul><ul><li>They can also educate the students on cyber-ethics and the law. If schools are creative, they can sometimes avoid the claim that their actions exceeded their legal authority for off-campus cyber bullying actions </li></ul>
    13. 13. What Do the Numbers Say? <ul><li>In a nationally representative study of students in grades 6-10, 29.9% of students were involved in bullying </li></ul><ul><li>Nansel, T. J., Overpeck, M., Pilla, R. S., Simons-Morton, B., & Scheidt, P. (2001). Bullying behaviors amoung US youth: Prevalence and association with psychological adjustment. Journal of American Medical Association, 285(16) , 2094-2100. </li></ul><ul><li>In one study, 60% of those characterized as bullies in grades 6-9 had at least one criminal conviction by age 24 </li></ul><ul><li>Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at School: What We Know and What We Can Do. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED384 437. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Bullying at ALL levels <ul><li>Source: Data from Table 11.2 in Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2009; National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education (http://nces.ed.gov/). </li></ul>
    15. 15. Cyberbullying <ul><li>Suggested that 25% of all bullied students are being cyberbullied </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 60% victims are girls </li></ul><ul><li>Only about 1/3 of students are reporting cyberbullying to adults </li></ul>
    16. 16. Relational Aggression <ul><li>Mixed reports of the prevalence of RA among boys and girls </li></ul><ul><li>Girls are more likely to be covertly aggressive than overtly aggressive </li></ul>
    17. 17. Bullying has been linked to… <ul><li>For Victims: </li></ul><ul><li>Absenteeism </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Poor academic achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Low self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul><ul><li>For Bullies: </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Poor academic achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Aggression and violence in schools </li></ul><ul><li>Increased crime rates </li></ul>
    18. 18. Bullying Strategies <ul><li>School Administrators </li></ul><ul><li>Parents </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul>
    19. 19. How to Help a Bully <ul><li>A Review of Proactive Aggression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preplanned and calculated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used for personal gain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No remorse shown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectually driven </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Helping Strategies – Proactive Aggressor <ul><li>Provide clear behavioral expectations that are free from loopholes or ambiguity. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid debates and arguments. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid repetitious or standardized responses. </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce Positive Achievements, but Cautiously. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t drop your Guard. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Feelings rather than Facts. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t stop at Consequences, Teach Pro-Social Behaviors. </li></ul>