Bullying or harassing behavior includes, but is not limited to, acts reasonably perceived as being motivated by any actual or perceived differentiating characteristic, such as race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, gender, socioeconomic status, academic status, gender identity or expression, physical appearance, sexual orientation, or mental, physical, developmental, or sensory disability, or by association with a person who has or is perceived to have one or more of these characteristics.
Gender and racial differences…. Hispanic students more frequently bully African-American students less likely to be bullied Also found bullying associated with other problem behaviors such as drinking alcohol and smoking
Based on this chart, what would you predict bullying rates look like in elementary school? In elementary school 9 of 10 students report being bullied and 6 of 10 report bullying…. Elementary – mostly physical and younger students Middle – mix between physical and verbal High – mostly verbal
Boys are just more aggressive in general so they may also score higher on RA scales than girls Important is that boys are doing it too!
Bullying is at least suspected in most school shooting cases.
Cyber bullying (CB) is when a child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive or digital technologies or mobile phones
CB has to have a minor or both sides, or at least have been instigated by a minor against another minor.
Once adults become involved, it is plain and simple cyber-harassment or cyber-stalking. Adult cyber-harassment/stalking is NEVER called cyber bullying (stopcyberbullying.org)
The methods used are limited only by the child’s imagination and access to technology
Kids often change roles, going from victim to bully and back again
When schools try to get involved by disciplining the student for cyber bullying actions that take place off-campus and outside of school hours, they are often sued for exceeding their authority and violating the student’s free speech right; they also, often lose!
Schools can be very effective brokers in working with parents to stop and remedy cyber bullying situations
They can also educate the students on cyber-ethics and the law. If schools are creative, they can sometimes avoid the claim that their actions exceeded their legal authority for off-campus cyber bullying actions
In a nationally representative study of students in grades 6-10, 29.9% of students were involved in bullying
Nansel, T. J., Overpeck, M., Pilla, R. S., Simons-Morton, B., & Scheidt, P. (2001). Bullying behaviors amoung US youth: Prevalence and association with psychological adjustment. Journal of American Medical Association, 285(16) , 2094-2100.
In one study, 60% of those characterized as bullies in grades 6-9 had at least one criminal conviction by age 24
Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at School: What We Know and What We Can Do. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED384 437.