M. Foulonneau, F. Marrinan, N. Karalius, O. Dziamski, T-F. Gordon, H.
Hartenstein, S. Rieger, K. Weigend, D. Mitzman, S. T...
SPOCS - Simple Procedures Online for
Cross-Border Services
• 3rd
Large Scale Pilot - CIP prog.
• Implement and test intero...
Transfer of documents to European
administrations in the scope of procedures
 Online procedures
 Including the transfer ...
The SPOCS semantic task force
 Henri Tudor PRC, Luxembourg
 European Business Register, Belgium
 iTree Group, Lithuania...
Omnifarious Container for eDocuments
(OCD)
1. Payload Layer (document file)
2. Metadata layer, divided into
1. Metadata of...
A set of common ontologies (OWL)
 Document ontology to represent relations between documents, document types (e.g.,
birth...
Creating equivalences between
documents
 Semantic mechanisms allow the system to infer
equivalences and in some cases req...
Creating equivalences between
documents
Automatic validation of a document
• Technical architecture of components used in Semantic Pilot
Lithuania – Portugal
Automatic validation of document and
application based on data
• Screenshot of Polish PSC with link to ‘validation documen...
Using semantic data sources
 The EBR registry, a set of Web services
 Supporting the service directive with open data
 ...
Modeling of legislation
 Investigated in the scope of the Travel Agent
case in Poland and Luxembourg with the
Carneades s...
Case study – Travel agent
 Travel agent must hold a
business permit.
 Business permit is granted if:
• the person respon...
Carneades
 Open source & free
argumentation system
 Web-based, collaborative
software tools for:
• summarizing arguments...
Conclusion
 Connections with SEMIC/JoinUp
 Use of Business Core Vocabulary
 Experimentation of the Core Public Service ...
M. Foulonneau, F. Marrinan, N. Karalius, O. Dziamski, T-F. Gordon, H.
Hartenstein, S. Rieger, K. Weigend, D. Mitzman, S. T...
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SPOCS: A semantic interoperability layer to support the implementation of the service directive

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The main purpose of the paper is to present a case study of the use of semantic technologies within e‐
Government context. We aim to describe the semantic layer that was designed in the scope of the SPOCS project to enable the validation of documents in the scope of cross border procedures. The SPOCS project (Simple Procedures Online for Cross‐ Border Services) focuses in particular on the transfer of documents to European administrations in the scope of procedures to deliver services across borders. One of the problems that arise is the heterogeneity of documents between countries even they have the same role. With the increase of cross border activities encouraged by the service directive in particular, electronic procedures are more important than ever. The project has therefore set up an infrastructure
including the transfer of documents in a metadata container and the validation of documents. Cross‐border service pilots
have been implemented to show the added value of the SPOCS infrastructure. To overcome the problem of semantic equivalence of documents, the European Commission has encouraged the implementation of a semantic layer to support the interoperability between administrative systems and the reuse of resources across government bodies. In the scope of the SPOCS project, we have implemented a set of pilots to illustrate the added value of implementing a semantic
interoperability layer and developing common models and vocabularies. Common ontologies have been designed to describe documents, equivalences, and procedures. Specific access mechanisms have been implemented to automatically verify the status of European companies. Finally, semantic rules have been created to determine the procedure that needs to be used in order to provide a cross border service. SPOCS resources are posted to the JoinUp portal.

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  • Madoqs : nom donne a l’outil Jena : Gestion d’ontologie, outil open source Ovacs : Outil Tudor : Surchouche de Jena qui permet d’ajouter les regles
  • OWL : Web Ontology Language (W3C)
  • The modeling of legislation was investigated in the scope of the Travel Agent case with Poland and Luxembourg with the Carneades software. However, instead of modeling the validity conditions of a document equivalence, we modeled the conditions for the authorization procedure in order to support the civil servant in the decision process for the delivery of a business permit.
  • In order to operate as a travel agent, applicants must hold a business permit. Business permit is granted to the business (either the professional operating under his own name, or the company he runs) if: the person responsible for the operation or management of the business: meets the requirements in terms of qualification and professional integrity ; can provide proof of mandatory guarantees and insurances; and the business has a fixed physical establishment in Luxembourg (no so-called 'letterbox companies').
  • SPOCS: A semantic interoperability layer to support the implementation of the service directive

    1. 1. M. Foulonneau, F. Marrinan, N. Karalius, O. Dziamski, T-F. Gordon, H. Hartenstein, S. Rieger, K. Weigend, D. Mitzman, S. Turki, Y. Djaghloul, J-F. Merche SPOCS: A semantic interoperability layer to support the implementation of the service directive ECEG 2013 13-14 June Como, Italy
    2. 2. SPOCS - Simple Procedures Online for Cross-Border Services • 3rd Large Scale Pilot - CIP prog. • Implement and test interoperable eGov. services in the context of the Services Directive. • Improve quality of cross-border electronic procedures and points of single contact (PSC) for businesses.  EU Services Directive • procedures necessary to establish or exercise a service in another Member State can be conducted electronically. • Member States had to establish PSCs, as electronic one- stop shops for all service providers. • PSCs as intermediaries between the requesting service provider and the national competent authorities.
    3. 3. Transfer of documents to European administrations in the scope of procedures  Online procedures  Including the transfer of data (forms) and documents  Problems:  Heterogeneity of documents  Multilingual environment  Document authenticity (signature and eSafe)  Governance and distributed set of services
    4. 4. The SPOCS semantic task force  Henri Tudor PRC, Luxembourg  European Business Register, Belgium  iTree Group, Lithuania  Instytut Logistyki i Magazynowania, Poland  Fraunhofer FOKUS, Germany  Federal Office of Administration, Germany  Infocamere, Italy
    5. 5. Omnifarious Container for eDocuments (OCD) 1. Payload Layer (document file) 2. Metadata layer, divided into 1. Metadata of the OCD (such as the sender and the receiver of the container) 2. Metadata that represent the document or payload, including in the best case an extraction of the value of information recorded inside the document (e.g., the birthdate for a birth certificate). 3. Authentication Layer
    6. 6. A set of common ontologies (OWL)  Document ontology to represent relations between documents, document types (e.g., birth certificates) procedures and equivalences between 2 documents in the context of a particular procedure
    7. 7. Creating equivalences between documents  Semantic mechanisms allow the system to infer equivalences and in some cases request users only to validate assumptions instead of manually creating them all.
    8. 8. Creating equivalences between documents
    9. 9. Automatic validation of a document • Technical architecture of components used in Semantic Pilot Lithuania – Portugal
    10. 10. Automatic validation of document and application based on data • Screenshot of Polish PSC with link to ‘validation document’ (gr. Επικύρωση εγγράφων)
    11. 11. Using semantic data sources  The EBR registry, a set of Web services  Supporting the service directive with open data  Editing and writing carried out through the CKAN software in version 1
    12. 12. Modeling of legislation  Investigated in the scope of the Travel Agent case in Poland and Luxembourg with the Carneades software.  Modeled conditions for authorization procedure to support civil servant in decision process.  Cases encoded with the support of Fraunhofer institute
    13. 13. Case study – Travel agent  Travel agent must hold a business permit.  Business permit is granted if: • the person responsible for the operation or management of the business: • meets the requirements in terms of qualification and professional integrity; • can provide proof of mandatory guarantees and insurances; • and the business has a fixed physical establishment in Luxembourg (no so-called 'letterbox companies'). Logic-like rules for travel agent service delivery authorization in Luxembourg Logic-like rules for travel agent service delivery authorization in Luxembourg
    14. 14. Carneades  Open source & free argumentation system  Web-based, collaborative software tools for: • summarizing arguments of a debate in an argument graph • visualizing, browsing and navigating argument graphs • evaluating arguments • … Carneades interface Argumentation map for travel agent business permit
    15. 15. Conclusion  Connections with SEMIC/JoinUp  Use of Business Core Vocabulary  Experimentation of the Core Public Service Vocabulary  Catalogue of European semantic assets (JoinUp), software components (JoinUp)  Towards a catalogue of public services?  eSens (ICT-PSP Pilot A)  Towards governance mechanisms for semantic datasets  Coherent semantic layer across multiple eGov piloting domains (eHealth, Business life cycle, eJustice, etc.)
    16. 16. M. Foulonneau, F. Marrinan, N. Karalius, O. Dziamski, T-F. Gordon, H. Hartenstein, S. Rieger, K. Weigend, D. Mitzman, S. Turki, Y. Djaghloul, J-F. Merche SPOCS: A semantic interoperability layer to support the implementation of the service directive ECEG 2013 13-14 June Como, Italy Thank you for your attention.
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