OpenDataGarage-HervéRannou-ItemsInternational

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OpenDataGarage-HervéRannou-ItemsInternational

  1. 1. Open Data Garage Public Sector Information Open Data International perspectives & constraints©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   Marseille, 6th July, 2011 Hervé Rannou – ITEMS International
  2. 2. A  strong  poli-cal  trend   ◼  Denmark   ◼  Italy   –  Government   –  Government   ◼  France   –  Regions:  Piemonte,     –  Official  posi-on  of ◼  Spain    French  Government   –  Government   –  Ci-es:  Paris,  Rennes,  Bordeaux, –  Regions  :  Asturias,  Euskady,  Brest,  Marseille  …    Cataluna  …   –  Regions:  Aquitaine,  Provence ◼  UK    Alpes  Côte  d’Azur,  Bretagne     –  Government  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   ◼  Germany   –  Regions:  Kent,     –  Government   –  Ci-es:  London,  Bristol   –  Ci-es  :  Munich  
  3. 3. A  strong  poli-cal  trend   ◼  Australia   –  Government   ◼  Canada   –  Government   –  Ci-es:    Montreal,  Toronto,  Vancouver,     ◼  Kenya   –  Government   ◼  New  Zealand   –  Government  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   ◼  USA   –  Government   –  States:  California,  Maine,  Massachussets     –  Ci-es  :  Boston,  New  York,  San  Francisco  
  4. 4. ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   Mainly  in  OECD  countries  
  5. 5. Poten-al  impacts   Economic direct Development  of   impact new  business   Create  new   Be[er  services   Be[er  services   business  models   for  visitors   for  ci-zens   Reduce  cost   services   Democracy Services delivery   Enhance  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   rela-onship  with   ci-zens   New  services   faster   Improve   democracy   Economic neutral
  6. 6. Problem  to  prevent  (1/2):     The  global  umbrella   ◼  In  a  mul-  stakeholder  organisa-on,  an  Open  Data  ini-a-ve  cans  be  understood  as  a  centralized  approach     –  Data  is  a  piece  of  power   –  Risk  to  be  perceived  as  a  super  database  that  would  take  the  control   ◼  That  is  very  important  to  define  a  architecture  that  answer  to  this  risk   –  Each  partner  keeps  the  control   –  Architecture  based  on  API  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011  
  7. 7. Problem  to  prevent  (2/2):   The  ques-on  of  the  use  of  data  for  profit   ◼  The  local  authori-es  or  local  agencies  have  ques-ons  regarding  the  use  of  public  data  for  profit  by  third  par-es   ◼  Local  Authori-es  can  not  discriminates  among  type  of  users   ◼  Third  par-es  do  not  have  any  interest  by  selling  raw  data   –  They  can  aggregate  raw  data  with  others  services  and  that  is  why  they  can  get  profit   ◼  That  is  the  same  with  a  road.  The  road  is  public  and  any  professional  ac-vity  use  the  roads  to  work  and  normally  to  make  profit  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   –  Local  authori-es  try  to  foster  Economic  Development.  Open  Data  is  a  way  to  address  that  issue  
  8. 8. From  Open  Data  to  all  data   ◼  The  Open  Data  issue  leads  to  a  global  debate  on  data   –  Access     –  Structure   ◼  Recent  ini-a-ve  “schema.org”  with  Google,  Yahoo,  Microsod   ◼  Behind  this  debate  :  looking  for  strategic  posi-ons  in  the  cloud   ◼  Standards  could  be  the  key  strategic  issue  in  Open  Data   ◼  Challenge  for  Europe  in  this  landscape  ?  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011  
  9. 9. Where  is  the  value  in  the  next  future?   Business  appli  &  services   Xxxxx  xx              xxx  xxxx  xxxx   API   Xxxx  xxx  xx  xxx     Xxx  xxx  xx   Xx  xxx   Key  appli  and  services  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   Middleware   &   Network  

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