Tutorial-1 Non-ferrous Industries in India Prepared by: Dr.Bharati R.Rehani
Aluminium Production in India
World's fifth largest aluminium producer
Aluminium production competence of around 2.7 million tones
5% of the total aluminium production in the world
Huge reservoir of Bauxite with a Bauxite reserve of 3 billion tones.
Companies under the India aluminum industry
· Hindustan Aluminium Company ( HINDALCO)
· Indian Aluminum Co. Ltd (INDAL)
· National Aluminum Co. Ltd (NALCO)
· Bharat Aluminum Co. Ltd (BALCO)
· Madras Aluminum Co. Ltd (MALCO)
Hindalco is Asia's largest integrated primary producer of aluminium
Hindalco is the biggest aluminium industry in India with around 39% of market share
An Aditya Birla Group flagship company, Hindalco has its aluminium plant at Renukoot in Uttar Pradesh
Various aluminium products are primary aluminium, extrusions, rolled products, wheels and foils
Hindalco’s integrated complex at
Renukoot , Uttar Pradesh, India
Facilities for the production of semi-fabricated products.
Power is sourced from our Renusagar power plant, located about 45 km from Renukoot.
Other facilities include
Aluminium smelter at Hirakud (Odisha) with a captive power plant and coal mine
Alumina refineries at Muri (Jharkhand), and Belgaum (Karnataka)
Rolling mills at Belur (West Bengal), and Taloja, Mouda (Maharashtra)
Foil rolling at Kalwa (Maharashtra) and Silvassa (Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli)
Extrusions plant at Alupuram (Kerala).
Products: Primary aluminium
Ingots produces high-purity ingots through smelting
Alloy ingots of various grades are also produced and mainly used for the production of castings in the auto industry and in electrical applications.
Wire rods Hindalco manufactures wire rods in a continuous
casting and rolling process. Electrical conductor (EC) wire rods are used for the production of cables and conductors.
Billets Hindalco's aluminium billets are top-quality billets
with a smooth finish. They are used mainly to produce extrusions and forgings.
Extrusions capacity stands at 31,000 tpa.
Two extrusion plants in India,
Renukoot, Uttar Pradesh, and
Manufactured from high-quality billets
Offer the widest range of shapes and alloys
Hindalco Extrusions is a leading brand for a wide spectrum of industries, including architectural, electrical, industrial, transport, defence and consumer durables industries.
Al-clad sheets / coils -Automobile radiators
Building sheets -Cladding for roofs and walls
-Industrial buildings, warehouses, aircraft
Foil and packaging
Aluminium business of Sterlite Industries Limited comprises of Indian aluminium giants – BALCO
BALCO is a partially integrated
Sterlite has got a market share of around 32%.
Korba in the state of Chhattisgarh with a smelter capacity of 345 ktpa
The Hall-Heroult process is used
The molten metal (Aluminium) is fabricated into saleable products by adapting different processes.
-Cast House continuous Casting and Rolling process is adopted in which hot metal, after being continuously cast as Cast Bars is rolled to Wire Rods
-Foundry Hot metal received from smelter is alloyed
-Sheet Rolling Shop slabs and caster coils are processed as semi -finished products for further rolling into sheets, coils and plates
It is also one of the leading aluminium producers in India
Government of India has a stake of 87.15% in this company
Its aluminium refinery is located at Damanjodi
It also has a smelter located at Angul, Orissa.
Copper Industries in India
Sterlite Industries Ltd.
Hindalco's copper division
Integrated facility at Dahej in the Bharuch district of
The unit has the unique distinction of being the largest copper smelter in the world at a single location with a 500,000 tpa capacity
The facilities comprise copper smelters, captive power plants, utilities and a captive jetty.
The company's copper product range includes copper cathodes and continuous cast copper rods. Birla Copper also produces precious metals, sulphuric acid, phosphoric acid, di-ammonium phospate (DAP) and other phosphoric fertilisers, and phospho gypsum.
Cathodes are largely used in the manufacture of
copper rods for the wire and cable industry
copper tubes for consumer durable goods
used for making alloys such as brass, bronze and alloy steel
Continuous cast copper rods
International quality standards. Their excellent surface finish makes them suitable for processing to enamelled, coated and plated wires. They are available in diameters of 8, 11, 12.5, 16 and 19 mm.
The homogeneous structure and fine grain size of the continuous cast copper rod result in outstanding drawability. It can be drawn to an ultra-fine wire at a high yield rate.
The Birla Copper rod is considered suitable for power and communication cables, strips for power and distribution for transformers, magnet wires, and zari manufacturing. Larger diameter rods — 11, 12.5 and 16 mm — are used to produce profiles and busbars.
Birla Copper is the only manufacturer of the 19-mm-diameter copper rod in India. This rod is used for groove conductors and profiles.
The Birla Copper rod is considered suitable for: power and communication cables, strips for power and distribution for transformers, magnet wires, zari manufacturing A larger diameter rod —11, 12.5 and 16 mm — is used for producing profiles and busbars.
Precious metals are extracted at our precious metals refinery located at Dahej. Gold and silver have an affinity to copper ore and are found in certain quantities in the concentrate supplies.
The precious metals are extracted after copper refining to produce 99.9 per cent pure gold, silver and selenium. The residue contains traces of platinum and palladium, which are sold as platinum group metal mix, commonly known as PGM.
Hindustan Copper Limited
INDIAN COPPER COMPLEX Ghatsila, Dist. – Singhbhum(E) , Jharkhand
Hindustan Zinc is the largest integrated Zinc producer in India
It owns captive zinc mines that supply all of Hindustan Zinc’s Zinc concentrate requirements for its smelters
Hindustan Zinc operates three underground mines (Sindesar Khurd, Rajpura Dariba, and Zawar Mines) and one open cast mine Rampura Agucha Mine being one of the most cost-efficient Zinc mines in the world