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Conventions
Conventions
Conventions
Conventions
Conventions
Conventions
Conventions
Conventions
Conventions
Conventions
Conventions
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Conventions

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Conventions

Conventions

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  • 1. CODES AND CONVENTIONS OF ADOCUMENTARY.
  • 2. VOICEOVER The voiceover is usually authoritive to encourage the audience to think that they have a specialist knowledge or, like Michael Moore and Nick Broomfield, the ‘right’ opinions that people should pay attention to.
  • 3. REAL FOOTAGE OF EVENTS A documentary is seen essentially as ‘non-fiction’, although there are debates around this. However, a convention of documentary is that all events presented are to be portrayed as ‘real’ to the audience. Documentaries often go to great lengths to convince the audience the footage is real and unaltered.
  • 4. TECHNICALITY OF REALISM Including ‘natural’ sound and lighting, and flow in an interview (no scripts, questions) (Nick Broomfield’s use of this in ‘Biggie and Tupac’ when they run out of sound’.
  • 5. ARCHIVE FOOTAGE /STILLS To aid authenticity and add further information which the filmmaker may be unable to obtain themselves.
  • 6. INTERVIEWS WITH EXPERTS Used to authenticate the views expressed in the documentary and gain a professionals support for them, encouraging the audience to agree also.
  • 7. USE OF TEXT/TITLES Like the voiceover, can be used to anchor the documentary, as well as show facts etc about the topic that tend to be believed unquestionably.
  • 8. SOUND Use of non-diegetic sound, has music been added? Why, and what effects would adding music have? Is a sound bridge used in-between scenes which connotes a change of tone/twist within the documentary? E.g in Supersize Me, does the use of childish music undermine McDonald’s?
  • 9. VIDUAL CODING i.e mise en scene and props, putting an individual in a doctor’s coat could help create a medical tone.
  • 10. SET-UPS Not only reconstructions of events that happened in the past but also setting up ‘typical’ scenes, i/e if you want to quickly convey a ‘classroom’ you may ask a class to put up their hands, or to convey and doctor’s room have the patience standing on a weighing scale (props also contribute to how well you create a set-up)
  • 11. CONVENTIONS WE WILL STICK TO (NOTFINALISED YET): •Hopefully when we secure it, an interview with experts (Maddy Conway, B- eat), Form Research has taught me about organising an interview (Checklists!) which will be tested when we plan this interview. •Not finalised, but an authoritative voice-over to help anchor the documentary and add more sound appeal to the documentary. From the textual analysis of student work, I felt like their documentary needed a voice over to complete it which is conventional is other police orientated programmes such as theirs. •Archive footage/stills of new media, possibly images/blogs from Tumblr regarding body image. •Use of texts and titles to also help anchor the documentary and structure it. •Sounds, not hugely discussed but music to create a tone suitable to the topic, i.e sad but inspiring and dynamic towards the end. •Realism, which well hope to achieve through editing or on location. •Links between the documentary and print productions (poster and review) through the models, or text font or ideas (writing on models body). •Title of the documentary will be introduced in the beginning, with the interview mid-way and proposals (positive bit towards the end to drive audience hopefully into action!) towards the end to act as closure.

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