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Grupo 3 imsd: Sobre Conama
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Published

Punto de vista de alumnos del IMSD EOI sobre el encuentro Conama. …

Punto de vista de alumnos del IMSD EOI sobre el encuentro Conama.
10 de diciembre de 2010

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  • 1. Brazilieness - How to achieve sustainable economic growth - „ Brazilieness: A joyful way of life that is as contagious as a good Caipirinha, a culture that is as colourful as Rios‘s carnival and the belief that biodiversity is the true basis for an economic future that benefits the brazilian society...“ Source: Our common sense
  • 2.
    • 1) Facts
    • Location: Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean
    • Population: 201 million
    • Natural resources: Iron ore, bauxite, nickel, uranium, gemstones, oil, wood, and aluminum
    • Agriculture (5.6% of GDP): coffee, soybeans, sugarcane (biofuels), cocoa, rice, corn, oranges, cotton, wheat, and tobacco
    • Industry (27.8% of GDP): steel, commercial aircraft, chemicals, petrochemicals, footwear, machinery, motors, vehicles, cement, and lumber
    • Services (66.6% of GDP): Tourism, mail, telecommunications, banking, energy
    • Source: U.S. Department of State (2010)
    1) Facts
  • 3. 2) Energy Sector - Current Situation 2) Energy Sector
    • Biggest Sources:
    • Oil
    • Biofuel
    • Hydro
    • Highest Growth-Rate:
    • Oil
    • Biofuel
    • Natural Gas
    Consequences: Investment of US$ 550 bn into the energy sector until 2020! US$ 340 bn in the exploitation of oil and gas + US$ 120 bn into the generation and transmission of electricity (Source: IEA 2008) (Source: IEA 2008)
  • 4. 2) Energy Sector - Possibilities I (Oil) 2) Energy Sector
    • Brasil has second largest oil-reserves in South-America
    • Large Investments forecasted (e.g. Exxon plans to invest 25-30 Billion $ annually in the next 5 years)
    (Source: IEA 2008)
  • 5. 2) Energy Sector - Possibilities II (Gas) 2) Energy Sector
    • Despite huge proven reserves, low growth rates, due to poor domestic infrastructure
    • Petrobas controls over 90% of reserves
    • 2 Ports built within the last two years (LNG), and Pipelines (4 large pipeline projects amounting to 1.700 km)
    Source: IEA 2008
  • 6. 2) Energy Sector - Possibility III (Hydro) 2) Energy Sector
    • Hydro about 80% of electricity production
    • High growth-rates of electricty demand. Expected to incease from 540TWh to 830 TWh (50%) by 2020
    • => great potential for further growth of Hydropower / other renewable sources (Solar / Wind)
    Source: IEA 2008
  • 7. 3) The Amazon - Deforestation 3) The Amazon
  • 8. 3) The Amazon - Deforestation 3) The Amazon
    • Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest accounts for 25 % of global CO 2 emissions
    • Since 1970, 730.000 km 2 of brazilian rainforest have been lost (1 1/2 times the size of Spain)
    • The challenge is to find mechanisms to compensate for forest conservation (US$ 500 million p.a. estimated to compesate rural farmers)
    • 2 Development strategies for Brazil:
    • UN Clean Development Mechanism
      • Carbon trade with industrialized countries
      • CO 2 reduction projects are therefore financed (reforestation, renewables etc.)
    • Ecotourism
      • Biodiversity, social inclusion, local value creation, preservation of cultural heritage
    • Source: Allianz Knowledge 2010
    Source: WWF-Travel (2010) Source: Rainforests 2010
  • 9. 4) Tourism Sector http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UfbOQ5UHbfo
  • 10. 4) Tourism Sector 4) Tourism Sector - Current Situation
    • Contribution of 5,9 % of total GDP in 2010
    • Average growth of 5,9 % p.a. over the next 10 years
    • Tourism accounts for 5.9 million jobs (5,6 % of total employment) in 2010 (forecast to 6,5 % in 2020)
    • Informal figure estimated to be 3 times the formal employment (some 16 million jobs!)
    • Tourism accounts for 7,2 % of total FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) in 2010 (US$ 25 bn)
    Source: WTTC 2010)
  • 11. 4) Tourism Sector 4) Tourism Sector - A journey towards inclusion
    • Tourism as the driving force for future compliant economic growth
    • Eco-Tourism: Regarding the ecological, social and cultural diversity of the country as valuable assets and the basis for sustainable economic growth
    • Challenges
    • Decentralization of tourism infrastructure
    • Empowering local organizations to increase value creation at the national level
    • Infrastructure development (social, urban, logistics)
    • Provide a system to evaluate and manage socio-economic, cultural and environmental impacts
    Source: Ministry of Tourism 2010
  • 12. MUITO OBRIGADO