Grupo 2 imsd: Sobre Conama


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Punto de vista de alumnos del IMSD EOI sobre el encuentro Conama.
10 de diciembre de 2010

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Grupo 2 imsd: Sobre Conama

  1. 1. Thinking global, acting local The biomass case in Lluçanès
  2. 2. INDEX <ul><li>Agenda 21 </li></ul><ul><li>World Mayors Summit on Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass as an Alternative </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass Project in Llucanés </li></ul>
  3. 3. Agenda 21 <ul><li>“ Agenda 21 is a comprehensive plan of action to be taken globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the United Nations System, Governments, and Major Groups in every area in which human impacts on the environment.” </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted by 178 governments at the Conference of Rio 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Top-down approach </li></ul>
  4. 4. Agenda 21 <ul><li>Made of 115 different and specific programs to facilitate the transition towards Sustainable Development => every aspects of modern life (education, housing, energy, population,…) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects a global consensus and political commitment at the highest level on development and environment cooperation (United Nations) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>138 mayors in 43 countries signed a voluntary pact to reduce greenhouse emissions </li></ul><ul><li>The majors comprised to act against climate change through </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using waste as an ecological alternative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoting reforestation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modernization of public transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of technology </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Biomass as an alternative What is it? <ul><li>Biomass is a biological material delivered from living or recently living organisms. </li></ul><ul><li>Applys for animal and vegetable materials. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s carbon based and is composed by a mixture of molecules that contain hydrogen, it usually includes atoms of oxygen and other materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass is regenerative organic material that can be used to produce energy. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Biomass as an alternative Energy from biomass? <ul><li>Biomass can be converted in energy in the form of heat or electricity, or in the form of fuels such as biofuel or combustible biogas. </li></ul><ul><li>The conversion process is based in the photosyntesis that happens within biomasses for their organic constitution. Carbon dioxide and water are converted into gloucose and oxygen gas through the imput of energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Many types of conversion: thermal, chemical, biochemical. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Energy from biomass? </li></ul>Biomass as an alternative
  9. 9. Biomass as an alternative Where does it come from? <ul><li>Aquatic and terrestian vegetation, residues from foresty or agriculture, animal waste and municipal waste. </li></ul><ul><li>Crops, wood, manure, land fill gases and alcohol fuels. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethanol is one of the biggest examples of biomass fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>The most sustainable ones are: crops that don’t compete with food crops, crops residues such as wheat straw and corn stover, sustainably-harvested wood and forest resudues and clean municipal and industrial wastes. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Biomass as an alternative What about CO 2 emissions? <ul><li>The converting process of biomass, at least the most common ones, produces air pollution. </li></ul><ul><li>The carbon from biomass is realeased in the atmosphere in the form of CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>Buut…. </li></ul><ul><li>Burning fossil fuel releases carbon dioxide that was captured during photosynthesis literally millions of years ago. As it is burned, carbon dioxide is released as a new greenhouse gas, a ‘new’ carbon dioxide. Biomass fuel, on the other hand, releases carbon dioxide that was recently captured during photosynthesis and it tends to equal itself out . </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Biomass cycle </li></ul>Biomass as an alternative
  12. 12. <ul><li>An ongoing project </li></ul>Biomass in Lluçanès
  13. 13. Biomass Project in Lluçanès <ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>The territory covers 13 municipalities. </li></ul><ul><li>8.200 inhabitants. </li></ul><ul><li>The project has been led by the Service of Rural Development since 2005. </li></ul>Biomass boiler in Saint Boi, Lluçanes
  14. 14. Biomass Project in Lluçanès <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Promote the biomass in the territory as a local source of renewable energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamize the Forest Sector to produce biomass. </li></ul>Biomass boiler in Saint Boi, Lluçanes
  15. 15. Biomass Project in Llucanés <ul><li>Difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>General unknowledge of this kind of energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Biofuels market is not consolidated. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of trained people: arquitects, installers, technicians… </li></ul><ul><li>Profitability </li></ul><ul><li>Poor support of the administration. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Biomass Project in Llucanés <ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Visits </li></ul><ul><li>Brochures </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Information days </li></ul><ul><li>Conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Consultancies about biomass boilers to private and public organizations, owners of forest companies and people in general. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of the Asociación de Propietarios Forestales de Llucan </li></ul>In order to face the difficulties, the Service of Rural Development has implemented different ways to promote the Biomass:
  17. 17. Biomass Project in Llucanés <ul><li>Today they have: </li></ul><ul><li>9 installed boilers in municipal buildings: economic savings of 25% and 67% in comparison to the gas oil. </li></ul><ul><li>CO 2 annual reduction : 3.400 ton. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 40 boilers in the territory. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 2MWh of power installed. </li></ul><ul><li>Renewables energies promotion in the educational community. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Biomass Project in Lluçanès <ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass potential in the territory. </li></ul><ul><li>Wastes increase in value. </li></ul><ul><li>Economical and social benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energies market is growing. </li></ul><ul><li>Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>The price of wood is decreasing. </li></ul><ul><li>Unknowledge of technology. </li></ul><ul><li>High level of initial investment in boilers. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of demand. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of credit facilities. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Sources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  20. 20. THANK YOU!!!