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Diet and diabetes
 

Diet and diabetes

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Understand about relationship between diet and diabetes and find the best diet

Understand about relationship between diet and diabetes and find the best diet

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    Diet and diabetes Diet and diabetes Presentation Transcript

    • DIET AND DIABETES
    • REASONS FOR DIET Weight control Blood glucose control Prevention and management of short-term and long-term complications of diabetes
    • DIETARY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DIABETES Eat starchy foods regularly Eat more fruit and vegetables Reduce animal or saturated fat Cut down on sugar Reduce salt
    • Balancing food choices
    • EAT STARCHY FOODS REGULARLY Bread Potatoes Rice Pasta Cereals Plantain Chapatis
    • Eat more fruit and vegetables Fresh Frozen Tinned Dried Juice
    • To help maintain blood glucose levels and cholesterol levels Fruit Vegetables Pulses Oats Helps to maintain a healthy gut Wholegrain cereals Wholemeal bread Wholewheat pasta Brown rice CHOOSE MORE HIGH FIBRE FOODS
    • REDUCE ANIMAL OR SATURATED FAT INTAKE Use low fat milk Use low fat spread instead of butter Use oil high in unsaturated fat, eg olive oil, rapeseed oil
    • USE LESS FAT IN COOKING Grill Dry-roast Microwave Steam
    • CHOOSE THE RIGHT SORT OF FAT SATURATED • Full fat dairy produce (eg cheese, butter, full cream milk) • Pies • Biscuits • Savoury snacks • Lard • Hard vegetable fat MONO- UNSATURATED • Olive oil • Rapeseed oil • Groundnut oil POLY- UNSATURATED • Sunflower oil (products) • Oily fish
    • CUT DOWN ON SUGARY FOODS Not a sugar free diet Cut out sweets Cut out sugary drinks
    • CHOOSE LOW SUGAR PRODUCTS Use diet or low calorie, sugar free drinks
    • INTENSE SWEETENERS Tablet Liquid Granulated
    • AVOID DIABETIC PRODUCTSCost Laxative effects Focus on ‘sugar free’ Still raise blood glucose levels Still contain same calories
    • REDUCE SALT INTAKE Cut down on added salt Use alternative seasonings Look out for reduced/low sodium foods, eg bread Avoid salt substitutes
    • EAT REGULAR MEALS BASED ON CARBOHYDRATE: Breakfast
    • LUNCH OR SNACK MEAL
    • MAIN MEAL
    • WEIGHT MANAGEMENT AND DIABETES
    • BE MORE ACTIVE
    • SLIMMING TIPS Be realistic about your target weight Aim to lose weight gradually Eat regular meals Make small changes you can stick to
    • DRINK ALCOHOL IN MODERATION That’s 2 units a day for women 3 units a day for men
    • HOW MANY UNITS IN YOUR DRINK? units 1 pint premium strength lager or cider 3 1 pint average strength lager 2.8 1 pint average strength cider 2.6 1 pint bitter 2.3 1 pint stout 2.3 Medium glass (175mls)white or red wine
    • Website - http://wikidisease.org Successful diet - http://wikidisease.org/anorexic- diet/