DIET AND DIABETES
REASONS FOR DIET
Weight control
Blood glucose control
Prevention and management of short-term and long-term complications
...
DIETARY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DIABETES
Eat starchy foods regularly
Eat more fruit and vegetables
Reduce animal or saturated ...
Balancing food
choices
EAT STARCHY FOODS REGULARLY
Bread
Potatoes
Rice
Pasta
Cereals
Plantain
Chapatis
Eat more fruit and
vegetables
Fresh
Frozen
Tinned
Dried
Juice
To help maintain
blood glucose
levels and
cholesterol levels
Fruit
Vegetables
Pulses
Oats
Helps to maintain
a healthy gut
...
REDUCE ANIMAL OR SATURATED FAT
INTAKE
Use low fat milk
Use low fat spread
instead of butter
Use oil high in
unsaturated fa...
USE LESS FAT IN COOKING
Grill
Dry-roast
Microwave
Steam
CHOOSE THE RIGHT SORT OF FAT
SATURATED
• Full fat dairy
produce (eg
cheese, butter, full
cream milk)
• Pies
• Biscuits
• S...
CUT DOWN ON SUGARY FOODS
Not a sugar free diet
Cut out sweets
Cut out sugary drinks
CHOOSE LOW SUGAR PRODUCTS
Use diet or low calorie, sugar free
drinks
INTENSE SWEETENERS
Tablet
Liquid
Granulated
AVOID DIABETIC
PRODUCTSCost
Laxative effects
Focus on ‘sugar free’
Still raise blood glucose levels
Still contain same cal...
REDUCE SALT INTAKE
Cut down on added
salt
Use alternative
seasonings
Look out for
reduced/low
sodium foods, eg
bread
Avoid...
EAT REGULAR MEALS BASED ON
CARBOHYDRATE:
Breakfast
LUNCH OR SNACK MEAL
MAIN MEAL
WEIGHT MANAGEMENT AND DIABETES
BE MORE ACTIVE
SLIMMING TIPS
Be realistic about your target weight
Aim to lose weight gradually
Eat regular meals
Make small changes you ...
DRINK ALCOHOL IN MODERATION
That’s
2 units a day for women
3 units a day for men
HOW MANY UNITS IN YOUR
DRINK?
units
1 pint premium strength lager or cider
3
1 pint average strength lager
2.8
1 pint aver...
Website - http://wikidisease.org
Successful diet - http://wikidisease.org/anorexic-
diet/
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Diet and diabetes

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Understand about relationship between diet and diabetes and find the best diet

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Diet and diabetes

  1. 1. DIET AND DIABETES
  2. 2. REASONS FOR DIET Weight control Blood glucose control Prevention and management of short-term and long-term complications of diabetes
  3. 3. DIETARY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DIABETES Eat starchy foods regularly Eat more fruit and vegetables Reduce animal or saturated fat Cut down on sugar Reduce salt
  4. 4. Balancing food choices
  5. 5. EAT STARCHY FOODS REGULARLY Bread Potatoes Rice Pasta Cereals Plantain Chapatis
  6. 6. Eat more fruit and vegetables Fresh Frozen Tinned Dried Juice
  7. 7. To help maintain blood glucose levels and cholesterol levels Fruit Vegetables Pulses Oats Helps to maintain a healthy gut Wholegrain cereals Wholemeal bread Wholewheat pasta Brown rice CHOOSE MORE HIGH FIBRE FOODS
  8. 8. REDUCE ANIMAL OR SATURATED FAT INTAKE Use low fat milk Use low fat spread instead of butter Use oil high in unsaturated fat, eg olive oil, rapeseed oil
  9. 9. USE LESS FAT IN COOKING Grill Dry-roast Microwave Steam
  10. 10. CHOOSE THE RIGHT SORT OF FAT SATURATED • Full fat dairy produce (eg cheese, butter, full cream milk) • Pies • Biscuits • Savoury snacks • Lard • Hard vegetable fat MONO- UNSATURATED • Olive oil • Rapeseed oil • Groundnut oil POLY- UNSATURATED • Sunflower oil (products) • Oily fish
  11. 11. CUT DOWN ON SUGARY FOODS Not a sugar free diet Cut out sweets Cut out sugary drinks
  12. 12. CHOOSE LOW SUGAR PRODUCTS Use diet or low calorie, sugar free drinks
  13. 13. INTENSE SWEETENERS Tablet Liquid Granulated
  14. 14. AVOID DIABETIC PRODUCTSCost Laxative effects Focus on ‘sugar free’ Still raise blood glucose levels Still contain same calories
  15. 15. REDUCE SALT INTAKE Cut down on added salt Use alternative seasonings Look out for reduced/low sodium foods, eg bread Avoid salt substitutes
  16. 16. EAT REGULAR MEALS BASED ON CARBOHYDRATE: Breakfast
  17. 17. LUNCH OR SNACK MEAL
  18. 18. MAIN MEAL
  19. 19. WEIGHT MANAGEMENT AND DIABETES
  20. 20. BE MORE ACTIVE
  21. 21. SLIMMING TIPS Be realistic about your target weight Aim to lose weight gradually Eat regular meals Make small changes you can stick to
  22. 22. DRINK ALCOHOL IN MODERATION That’s 2 units a day for women 3 units a day for men
  23. 23. HOW MANY UNITS IN YOUR DRINK? units 1 pint premium strength lager or cider 3 1 pint average strength lager 2.8 1 pint average strength cider 2.6 1 pint bitter 2.3 1 pint stout 2.3 Medium glass (175mls)white or red wine
  24. 24. Website - http://wikidisease.org Successful diet - http://wikidisease.org/anorexic- diet/
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