A graph is a data structure that links a set of vertices by a set of edges. Modern graph databases support multi-relational graph structures, where there exist different types of vertices (e.g. people, places, items) and different types of edges (e.g. friend, lives at, purchased). By means of index-free adjacency, graph databases are optimized for graph traversals and are interacted with through a graph traversal engine. A graph traversal is defined as an abstract path whose instance is realized on a graph dataset. Graph databases and traversals can be used for searching, scoring, ranking, and in concert, recommendation. This presentation will explore graph structures, algorithms, traversal algebras, graph-related software suites, and a host of examples demonstrating how to solve real-world problems, in real-time, with graphs. This is a whirlwind tour of the theory and application of graphs.
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