Animal DescriptionsCut apart and put on backside of index cardAnimals That AdaptBarn Owl To survive cold winters, Barn Owls need to hunt successfully,and cannot survive long if they do not catch prey often enough. Snow cover is a big problem for Barn Owls trying to make it through winter. Too many days of snow cover means not enough chances to find food. Mildwinters help the Barn Owls to avoid starvationBeaver The under fur is very dense and traps a layerof air next to the skin for insulation. To survive during the winter beavers eat theinner bark of trees.Fox During the winter a fox will grow a thicker layer of hairto help keep them warm. A fox will change what it eats during the winter. Whilethe fox eats fruits and grasses in the spring and summer,during the winter when those are not available a fox eatssmall rodents.
Squirrel Squirrels build nests out of leaves, twigs and other materialsthat they find in their surroundings. The nests provide homesand help to keep them warm. Squirrels gather food and stash it in hidden locations close totheir nest, to be eaten later. Before winter comes, they fattenthemselves up by eating a lot, and they grow a thicker fur coat.When winter comes, they keep warm in their nest, and mostlyrely on their hidden stash of food for nourishment. If the weatheris really cold, squirrels may share nests with one another in orderto share body heat and keep warm.Deer During the winter deer eat woody plants because that is allthat is available. Sometimes deer will dig under the snow tofind grasses to eat. If winter lasts a long time than oftenstarvation will kill the deer because of a lack of nutrient rich trees. During the winter deer grow a thick coat of hair. Each individual hairis hollow. This is important because the hair acts as an insulatortrapping the body heat that the deer generates.Hawk Hawks grow warm winter feathers to survive the winter. They continue tohunt for small rodents and often feed off of the carcass of dead animals. Some hawks will actually migrate south if the winter becomes to snowybecause it becomes difficult for them to catch the prey.Turkey In the winter turkeys will continue to roam in search of food. However,their diets change depending on what foods are available. During the wintermonths turkeys will eat whatever is available including plants, weed seeds,waste grains.
Mink During the winter a mink will grow thick layers of insulating fatand has specialized fur that helps it keep warm. They eat more fish in the winter out of small streams or rivers thatare not completely frozen because the fish are slower and easier tocatch.Rabbit Rabbits grow a thicker layer of fur to help keep warm in thewinter. Rabbits spend the winter looking for moss, twigs, bark, and leavesto eat. Rabbits find shelter under houses, garages, brushy swamps, or bushesduring the winter months to keep warm and hide from predators.Animals That HibernateTurtle Most turtles go deep into a pond and snuggle down into mud andleaves at the bottom for the winter. While at the bottom the letthemselves get cold so their bodies slow down. Once this happensthey don’t need to eat anymore. Their heart slows down so thatit only beats once every few minutes and they stop breathingthrough their lungs. They get the small amount of oxygen theyneed from the water.Frog Terrestrial frogs- frogs that primarily live on land- dig deepburrows in the soil below the frost line to hibernate in for thewinter. Many frogs will actually freeze during the winter months andLook frozen and dead. However, frogs have a high concentrationOf glucose in their organs that prevents the organs for freezing.When it begins to warm up again a frogs frozen portion willthaw and its heart and lungs will resume activity.
Black Bear Black bears sleep for up to 7months without eating, drinking, orgoing to the bathroom. Black bears are able to sleep for long because of their thickinsulative pelt or fur. Their thick pelt helps to maintain a bodytemperature of 88 degrees which is only 12 degree differentfrom their summer body temperature.Jumping Mouse Jumping mice put a large layer of fat in the fall toPrepare for the winter. They spend from October toApril in an underground moss/grass/leaf nest. Jumping mice wake every two weeks to stretch and goto the bathroom.Brown Bear To hibernate, brown bear dig beneath the roots of alarge tree to create their dens by chewing up obstructingroots and throwing out rocks and dirt. In late October or early November the brown bear will enterits den and will get no water or nourishment for the next5 to 6 months. In order to survive the winter months the brown bear musteat enough food in order to store huge amounts of fat ontheir body.Chipmunk During the summer months, chipmunks store enough foodto last them through the winter. They wake up periodicallyto eat their nuts or seeds. Chipmunks live in underground burrow during the winter to staywarm.
Snake To survive the winter some snakes head underground tohibernate, while others gather together in a shelteredplace like a log. Snakes increase their food intake before hibernatingand because they are cold blooded their metabolismslows down drastically.Bat Bats hibernate in caves, building, old mines, or hollow trees. They build up fat during the summer so that they canlive throughout the winter. Bats often hibernate in groups. They hang upside downalone or in groups. When a bat hibernates, its body temperature drop untilIt is about the same temperature as it is outside.Badger Badgers hibernate but go into temporary hibernation whichmeans they have a few awake times during the winter toeat food from their burrows. Badgers live in underground burrows during the winter. In the fall badgers will eat more so they can sleep forweeks at a time without waking up.Skunk Skunks hibernate in dens that are lined with leaves. Theyplug up the opening of the den so that their heat stay inand some of the cold stays out. Often times, on a warm day skunks will wake up and lookfor food and then return to their den.
Animals That MigrateLoon Loons travel between 1,300 and 1,700 miles to migrate.Some loons can travel as much as 572 miles in just 3days. Loons spend the winter season along the Atlantic,Pacific, and Gulf Coasts.Robin Robins migrate in search of food rather than changingtemperatures. Fruit, earthworms and insects are therobins main source of food. They will return whentheir food sources become available. Robins fly south for most of the winter.Monarch Monarchs migrate to Mexico each year in order to survive.They cannot live in cold temperatures. Monarchs fly up to 2,500 miles to a warmer climate.They are the only insect that can fly that far.Goldfinch Migrate primarily to Texas and Florida in the cold months. They migrate because of the cold weather and also becauseof food sources. Goldfinches eat seeds, grasses, and wildflowers.Salmon Salmon travel thousands of miles to migrate. Millions of themmigrate together entering the Gulf of Alaska from nearbyrivers. Scientists are not exactly sure why salmon migrate.
Caribou Caribou travel to the Boreal Forest or other wooded areasto migrate. Although the weather is also cold in these areasthere is much less snow and the tree cover provides shelter tothe caribou. Thousands of caribou travel hundreds of miles together insearch of food sources.Bluebird Bluebirds migrate south for the winter in search of better food. They feed on berries which are scarce in the northern regions ofthe U.S. during the winter months. Some bluebirds travel as far as Texas when migrating.Beluga Whale The Beluga Whale migrates both north and south. Some whalestravel thousands of miles. Many migrate in the fall when the icepack begins to advance.Red-Headed Woodpecker The Red-Headed Woodpecker migrate south during the coldmonths of the year in search of food. Their primary foodsource is acrons and beech nuts which are not found in thenorthern parts of the U.S. in the cold months. They will often travel hundreds of miles in search of food.
Question CardsPrint and cut apart questions and glue them onto index cardsAdapt –Print 4 copies1.How do you know your animaladapts to its environment?2. What do you do you think youranimal does to adapt to its environment?-Check the back of your card for information3. What is another animal that adaptsto its environment in the same way youranimal does?4. Talk to other group members and askthem about their animal.
Migrate –Print 4 copies1.How do you know your animalmigrates during the winter?2. Where do you think your animalmigrates to during the winter?-Check the back of your card for information3. What is another animal thatmigrates during the winter?4. Talk to other group members and askthem about their animal.
Hibernate –Print 4 copies1.How do you know your animalhibernates during the winter?2. What does your animal doin order to hibernate in the winter?-Check the back of your card for information3. What is another animal thathibernates during the winter?4. Talk to other group members and askthem about their animal.