S A P Orientation


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S A P Orientation

  1. 2. ERP
  2. 3. ERP <ul><li>E – Enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>R – Resource </li></ul><ul><li>P – Planning </li></ul>
  3. 4. ERP Enterprise Resource Planning, is a software driven business management system, which integrates all facets of the business, including Planning, Manufacturing, Sales and Marketing. ERP as a business solution aims to help the management by setting better business practices and equipping them with the right information to take timely decisions.
  4. 5. ERP career exist distinctly in two areas: <ul><li>Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul>
  5. 6. ERP Software Packages <ul><li>SAP </li></ul><ul><li>BAAN Logistics </li></ul><ul><li>People Soft HRMS </li></ul><ul><li>Oracle Applications Finance </li></ul><ul><li>JD Edwards </li></ul><ul><li>MFG Pro </li></ul><ul><li>Ramco Marshal PP,PM,MM </li></ul>
  6. 7. SAP
  7. 8. SAP The name SAP being a German company, is an acronym for “Systeme Anwendungen, Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung”. This is translated into English as: Systems Applications, and Products in Data Processing
  8. 9. SAP The third generation set of highly integrated software modules that perform common business functions based on multi-national leading practices. Takes care of any Enterprise however diverse it may be in operations, spread over the world geographically.
  9. 10. <ul><li>SAP was founded in 1972 by five people. </li></ul><ul><li>Wellenreuther </li></ul><ul><li>Hopp </li></ul><ul><li>Hector </li></ul><ul><li>Plattner </li></ul><ul><li>Tchira </li></ul>
  10. 11. FACTS ABOUT SAP <ul><li>Leading global provider of client/server business software solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Number 1 vendor of standard business application software, with a world-wide market share of 33%. </li></ul><ul><li>4 th largest independent software supplier in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Available in 14 languages. </li></ul><ul><li>8 of the Top 10 US corporations use SAP. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 7500 customers in over 90 countries have chosen SAP. </li></ul>
  11. 12. 8 Reasons to use SAP <ul><li>Global Basis </li></ul><ul><li>Faster Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility for changes (Business & IT) </li></ul><ul><li>Agility (quickness, alertness) </li></ul><ul><li>Extended Supply Chain Management </li></ul><ul><li>Reach New Opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity Focus </li></ul>
  12. 13. SAP R/2 R/2 is SAP AG mainframe solution and was first compact software package for the whole spectrum of business applications. SAP R/2 runs on mainframes, such as IBM, Siemens, Amdahl. The current version of R/2 is 6.1. This mainframe solution is not open, although with the help of ALE (Application Link Enabled) technology, R/2 can be linked to system and share online data. SAP AG is the company name AG stands for Aktiengesellschaft, which means in English “Incorporation”.
  13. 14. SAP R/3 SAP R/3 is SAP's integrated software solution for client/server and distributed open systems. SAP’s R/3 is the world’s most-used standard business software for client/server computing. R/3 meets the needs of a customer from the small companies to multi-billion dollar companies. The software is highly customizable using SAP’s proprietary programming language, ABAP/4.
  14. 15. R/2 Real Time Two Tier Architecture PRESENTATION LAYER APPLICATION LAYER DATABASE LAYER In R/2 we have got two layer concept: 1 st Layer 2 nd Layer
  15. 16. R/2 Real Time Two Tier Architecture Presentation Servers (Front Ends, Clients) Application Server / Database Server
  17. 18. R/3 Real Time Three Tier Architecture Presentation Servers (Front Ends, Clients) Application Server Database Server
  18. 19. Request come from Presentation Server To Database Server AS DISPATCHER D. Queue Buffer WP WP WP WP
  19. 20. All requests that come in from presentation server are directed first to the dispatcher. The dispatcher writes them first to the dispatcher queue. The dispatcher pulls the requests from the queue on a first-in, first-out basis. Each request is then allocated to the first available work process. A work process handles one process at a time.
  21. 22. ABAP/4 programs do not access operating system functions directly. Instead, they use Basis functions to perform file I/O. Basis is like an operating system for R/3. It sits between the ABAP/4 code and the computer's operating system. SAP likes to call it middleware because it sits in the middle. Basis provides runtime environment for ABAP/4 programs.
  23. 24. TECHNICAL Programmer Administrator
  24. 25. Programmer Administrator ABAP / 4 BASIS ABAP / 4 Advanced Business Application Programming / 4 th Generation Language
  25. 26. FUNCTIONAL Finance Logistics HR
  26. 27. Finance This functional area contains the necessary information on Profitability Analysis, General Ledger Accounts and Information on Reporting using the Executive Information System (EIS).
  27. 28. Finance Modules <ul><li>FI - FINANCE </li></ul><ul><li>CO - CONTROLLING </li></ul><ul><li>IM - INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>TR - TREASURY </li></ul><ul><li>EC - ENTERPRISE CONTROLLING </li></ul><ul><li>REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT </li></ul>
  28. 29. HUMAN RESOURCE HR module include support on Salary and Payroll administration as well as areas such as work schedule models. This core functional area is very country specific, due to country – related taxes, employee benefits, and employment laws.
  29. 30. HR Modules <ul><li>PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>PAYROLL </li></ul><ul><li>TIME MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>TRAVEL MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>TRAINING AND EVENT MANAGEMENT </li></ul>
  30. 31. LOGISTICS <ul><li>SD - SALES & DISTRIBUTION </li></ul><ul><li>PP - PRODUCTION PLANNING </li></ul><ul><li>MM - MATERIAL MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>WM - WAREHOUSE MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>QM - QUALITY MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Environment, Health and Safety </li></ul>Logistics is the largest of the three functional areas. It includes, among others, the following modules:-
  31. 32. FICO <ul><li>Organizational Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Accounting Global Settings </li></ul><ul><li>(Fiscal Year, Posting Period, Document Types, Posting Keys) </li></ul><ul><li>General Ledger Accounting </li></ul><ul><li>Creation and Maintenance of House Bank </li></ul><ul><li>Account Receivable </li></ul><ul><li>Account Payable </li></ul><ul><li>Asset Accounting </li></ul><ul><li>Integration with SD and MM </li></ul><ul><li>Controlling </li></ul>
  32. 33. PP <ul><li>Enterprise Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Master Data </li></ul><ul><li>(Material Master, BOM, Work Center, Routing) </li></ul><ul><li>Sales and Operation Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Demand Management </li></ul><ul><li>Material Requirement Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Repetitive Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Production Control </li></ul><ul><li>KANBAN </li></ul><ul><li>Product Cost Planning </li></ul>
  33. 34. SD <ul><li>Enterprise Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Master Data ( Creation of Customer and Material ) </li></ul><ul><li>Pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Order Management </li></ul><ul><li>Special Functions </li></ul><ul><li>(Free Goods, Listing/Exclusion, Item Proposal, Output Control) </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Billing </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Copy Control </li></ul><ul><li>Credit Management </li></ul>
  34. 35. MM <ul><li>Enterprise Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Material Master </li></ul><ul><li>Vendor Master </li></ul><ul><li>Purchasing </li></ul><ul><li>(Purchase Request, RFQ, Price Comparison, Purchase Orders) </li></ul><ul><li>Pricing Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory Management </li></ul><ul><li>(Goods Receipts, Goods Issue, Stock Transfer, Invoice Verification) </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic Account Determination </li></ul><ul><li>Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Vendor Evaluation </li></ul>
  35. 36. HR <ul><li>SAP-HR Basics </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational Management </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Training & Event Management </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel Development </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel Time Management </li></ul><ul><li>Compensation Management and Personnel Cost Planning </li></ul>
  36. 37. ABAP/4 <ul><li>SAP R/3 Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>ABAP/4 Development Workbench </li></ul><ul><li>Data Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Tables </li></ul><ul><li>Transactions </li></ul><ul><li>Data Transfer (BDC’s) </li></ul><ul><li>Reports </li></ul><ul><li>SAP Scripts </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of Integration Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>(ALE, IDOC, EDI, RFC, and BAPI) </li></ul>
  37. 38. Staffing of SAP Projects Strategic Thinking -- SAP may be part of a larger change project. Process Design -- Expertise in the design, change and documenting of business processes. Project Management -- Essential throughout the project lifecycle. Change Management -- Expertise is required in changing the organization. System Architect -- Overall responsibility for feasibility of the design and integration issues. Application Experts -- People with skill in configuring specific modules. Business Analyst -- Involved in piloting and must be trained. Trainers -- Training must be given to the users and team members new to SAP. SAP Developers -- People who can design and built bolt-on functionality. Operational Staff -- Responsible for administration, performance and transition.
  38. 39. Time Duration for Implementation Scoping -- 1-2 Months -- Decision Making. Understanding the Organization. Analysis -- 3-6 Months -- Documentation, Discussions. Design -- 2-3 Months -- Modules, Sub Modules, Interfaces, Databases, Data flow Servers, Terminals, and Back up. Development -- 2-3 Months -- Parallel with Design. ABAP/4, Configuration, Applications, Transactions, Reports. Configuration -- 3-4 Days -- Settings to be done. Implementation/ 3-4 Months Testing/Training Post Implementation Support (Continuous)
  39. 40. SAP R/3 SERVER <ul><li>HARDWARE </li></ul><ul><li>P-III 900 MHz Processor </li></ul><ul><li>512 MB RAM </li></ul><ul><li>60 GB HDD </li></ul><ul><li>SOFTWARE </li></ul><ul><li>WinNT, Win 2000 Server, Unix, Linux, Solaris </li></ul><ul><li>DATABASE </li></ul><ul><li>Oracle, MS SQL Server, Informix. </li></ul>
  40. 41. SAP R/3 CLIENT <ul><li>HARDWARE </li></ul><ul><li>Celeron 566 MHz Processor </li></ul><ul><li>128 MB RAM </li></ul><ul><li>10 GB HDD </li></ul><ul><li>SOFTWARE </li></ul><ul><li>Windows 98/NT/2000, Unix, Linux. Solaris </li></ul>