ERP Enterprise Resource Planning, is a software driven business management system, which integrates all facets of the business, including Planning, Manufacturing, Sales and Marketing. ERP as a business solution aims to help the management by setting better business practices and equipping them with the right information to take timely decisions.
ERP career exist distinctly in two areas:
ERP Software Packages
People Soft HRMS
Oracle Applications Finance
Ramco Marshal PP,PM,MM
SAP The name SAP being a German company, is an acronym for “Systeme Anwendungen, Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung”. This is translated into English as: Systems Applications, and Products in Data Processing
SAP The third generation set of highly integrated software modules that perform common business functions based on multi-national leading practices. Takes care of any Enterprise however diverse it may be in operations, spread over the world geographically.
SAP was founded in 1972 by five people.
FACTS ABOUT SAP
Leading global provider of client/server business software solutions.
Number 1 vendor of standard business application software, with a world-wide market share of 33%.
4 th largest independent software supplier in the world.
Available in 14 languages.
8 of the Top 10 US corporations use SAP.
More than 7500 customers in over 90 countries have chosen SAP.
8 Reasons to use SAP
Flexibility for changes (Business & IT)
Agility (quickness, alertness)
Extended Supply Chain Management
Reach New Opportunity
SAP R/2 R/2 is SAP AG mainframe solution and was first compact software package for the whole spectrum of business applications. SAP R/2 runs on mainframes, such as IBM, Siemens, Amdahl. The current version of R/2 is 6.1. This mainframe solution is not open, although with the help of ALE (Application Link Enabled) technology, R/2 can be linked to system and share online data. SAP AG is the company name AG stands for Aktiengesellschaft, which means in English “Incorporation”.
SAP R/3 SAP R/3 is SAP's integrated software solution for client/server and distributed open systems. SAP’s R/3 is the world’s most-used standard business software for client/server computing. R/3 meets the needs of a customer from the small companies to multi-billion dollar companies. The software is highly customizable using SAP’s proprietary programming language, ABAP/4.
R/2 Real Time Two Tier Architecture PRESENTATION LAYER APPLICATION LAYER DATABASE LAYER In R/2 we have got two layer concept: 1 st Layer 2 nd Layer
R/2 Real Time Two Tier Architecture Presentation Servers (Front Ends, Clients) Application Server / Database Server
R/3 Real Time Three Tier Architecture PRESENTATION LAYER APPLICATION LAYER DATABASE LAYER
R/3 Real Time Three Tier Architecture Presentation Servers (Front Ends, Clients) Application Server Database Server
Request come from Presentation Server To Database Server AS DISPATCHER D. Queue Buffer WP WP WP WP
All requests that come in from presentation server are directed first to the dispatcher. The dispatcher writes them first to the dispatcher queue. The dispatcher pulls the requests from the queue on a first-in, first-out basis. Each request is then allocated to the first available work process. A work process handles one process at a time.
OPERATING SYSTEM BASIS ABAP/4 MM PP SD FI HR
ABAP/4 programs do not access operating system functions directly. Instead, they use Basis functions to perform file I/O. Basis is like an operating system for R/3. It sits between the ABAP/4 code and the computer's operating system. SAP likes to call it middleware because it sits in the middle. Basis provides runtime environment for ABAP/4 programs.
SAP R/3 TECHNICAL FUNCTIONAL
TECHNICAL Programmer Administrator
Programmer Administrator ABAP / 4 BASIS ABAP / 4 Advanced Business Application Programming / 4 th Generation Language
FUNCTIONAL Finance Logistics HR
Finance This functional area contains the necessary information on Profitability Analysis, General Ledger Accounts and Information on Reporting using the Executive Information System (EIS).
FI - FINANCE
CO - CONTROLLING
IM - INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT
TR - TREASURY
EC - ENTERPRISE CONTROLLING
REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT
HUMAN RESOURCE HR module include support on Salary and Payroll administration as well as areas such as work schedule models. This core functional area is very country specific, due to country – related taxes, employee benefits, and employment laws.
TRAINING AND EVENT MANAGEMENT
SD - SALES & DISTRIBUTION
PP - PRODUCTION PLANNING
MM - MATERIAL MANAGEMENT
WM - WAREHOUSE MANAGEMENT
QM - QUALITY MANAGEMENT
Environment, Health and Safety
Logistics is the largest of the three functional areas. It includes, among others, the following modules:-
Compensation Management and Personnel Cost Planning
SAP R/3 Architecture
ABAP/4 Development Workbench
Data Transfer (BDC’s)
Overview of Integration Technologies
(ALE, IDOC, EDI, RFC, and BAPI)
Staffing of SAP Projects Strategic Thinking -- SAP may be part of a larger change project. Process Design -- Expertise in the design, change and documenting of business processes. Project Management -- Essential throughout the project lifecycle. Change Management -- Expertise is required in changing the organization. System Architect -- Overall responsibility for feasibility of the design and integration issues. Application Experts -- People with skill in configuring specific modules. Business Analyst -- Involved in piloting and must be trained. Trainers -- Training must be given to the users and team members new to SAP. SAP Developers -- People who can design and built bolt-on functionality. Operational Staff -- Responsible for administration, performance and transition.
Time Duration for Implementation Scoping -- 1-2 Months -- Decision Making. Understanding the Organization. Analysis -- 3-6 Months -- Documentation, Discussions. Design -- 2-3 Months -- Modules, Sub Modules, Interfaces, Databases, Data flow Servers, Terminals, and Back up. Development -- 2-3 Months -- Parallel with Design. ABAP/4, Configuration, Applications, Transactions, Reports. Configuration -- 3-4 Days -- Settings to be done. Implementation/ 3-4 Months Testing/Training Post Implementation Support (Continuous)