AREP Design by CGS
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AREP Design by CGS

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Agricultural Research and Extension Program for the Catholic University of Sudan

Agricultural Research and Extension Program for the Catholic University of Sudan

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AREP Design by CGS AREP Design by CGS Presentation Transcript

  • Phase I Analysis Agriculture Research and Extension Programme
    www.cornellglobalsolutions.com
  • Introduction
    Historical and Cultural Context
    Agricultural Context
    Needs Analysis
    Institutional Context
    Complementary Initiatives
  • Map of Sudan
    Khartoum
    Wau
    Juba
  • Historical and Cultural Context
    • Political Background
    • Economic Conditions
    • Socio-cultural Factors
    • Security
  • Sudan People’s Liberation Movement formed
    Abboud resigns in favor of civilian government
    Sudanese Independence from British Rule
    Addis Ababa Agreement ends Civil War
    Nimeri is Overthrown and Shari’a repealed
    1956
    1958
    1964
    1969
    1972
    1985
    1983
    1989
    1955
    Jaafar an NimeriCoup and Military Rule
    First Civil War
    Nimeri declares Islamic Law and Civil War strikes
    Government overthrown by Omar al-Bashir
    El Ferik Ibrahim Abboud Military Coup
    Contemporary Events Timeline
  • Comprehensive Peace Agreement
    Background
    Objective: Solve Conflict between Sudanese Government and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement / Army.
    Result of peace talks supported by international actors.
    Implemented in 2005.
    Implications
    Interim period from 2005 to 2011.
    Framework for the Interim Constitution
    Creation of the Government of Southern Sudan.
    Referendum in 2011 to decide adoption or cessation of the CPA.
  • Government Structure
  • International Relations
    Peace Promotion
    UN peacekeeping operations.
    International Investments
    Oil plays major role: 55% exports go to China, 26% to Japan and 5% to India.
    High investments in land by South Korea, United Arab Emirates and Egypt.
  • Economic Factors
    Growth Linked to Oil Production.
    Agriculture employs 80% of Workforce.
    Sudan’s GDP: $37 Billion
    Public Debt: 93.5 % of GDP
    Population below Poverty line: 40%
    Inflation rate: 16%
    Unemployment: 18.5%
    Real GDP Growth: 10.2%
  • Socio-Cultural Issues
    Religion and Indigenous Beliefs
    70% Sunni Muslim, 5% Christian, and 25% Indigenous beliefs.
    Language
    English, Arabic, and more than 400 languages and dialects.
    Health and Welfare
    Malnutrition, disease, poverty, contaminated water.
    Education
    Less than 50% of Southern Sudan Children finish primary.
    Most children have always lived in War, many child soldiers.
    Gender Issues
    Women subordinate to men, values based on gender.
  • Security
    Conflicts at North-South border
    Religion and life-style differences, and economic interests.
    Lord’s Resistance Army
    History of raiding villages, killing and abducting people.
    Over 65,000 people displaces by LRA attacks.
    Guerrilla might increment actions after CPA referendum.
    Inter-Tribal Clashes
    Conflict in dry season, competition for limited resources.
    Minefields and Explosive Remnants of War
  • Agricultural Context
    Environment and Climate Change
    Crops
    Markets and Financial Institutions
    Food Security
    Extension
  • Agricultural Context
    Environment and Climate Change
    • Impacts of climate change
    • Major environmental challenges: deforestation, droughts, floods
    • Impacts of conflict on
    local environment
  • Agricultural Context
    • Crops
    • Utilizing agricultural potential
    • Focusing on local crops
    • Major challenges
  • Agricultural Context
    • Market and Financial Institutions
    • Access to sustainable and reliable markets
    • Access to microcredit and loans
    • Partnering with local organizations
  • Agricultural Context
    • Food Security
    • Food Insecurity
    • Malnutrition
    • Gender Relations
  • Agricultural Context
    • Agricultural Extension
    • Considering extension approach
    • Partnering with farmers
    • Fostering local innovations
  • Needs Analysis
    SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) on agricultural prospect for local community
    Addressing needs as an agricultural and extension programme
  • Needs Analysis: SWOT
  • Prioritizing Needs
    Seeds
    Tools
    Livestock
    Irrigation
    Agriculture Research
    and
    Extension Programme
    Basic health
    Low-cost technology
    Training (of women)
    Access to market & capital
    Farmer-oriented
    Participatory
    Sustainable
    Better infrastructure
    Develop local market
    (seeds & produce)
    Education and health
    Security
  • Institutional Context
    University – Faculty Administrative Interaction and Accountability
    Sharing Resources and Research at the University
    Regional and International Partnerships
  • University – Faculty Administrative Interaction and Accountability
    Key Support Structures
    Faculty Budgeting
    Human Resources Protocol
  • Key Support Structures
    Key Support Structures
  • Sharing Resources and Research at the University
    Cross-Faculty Projects
    Regional University Agricultural Partnerships
    Guest Researcher Exchanges
  • Regional and International Partnerships
    Non-governmental partnerships for:
    • Teacher Training
    • Awareness Campaigns
    • Women’s Empowerment
    • Agricultural Training
    • Microfinance
    • Resource Distribution
  • Complementary Intiatives
    Government Based Initiatives
    University Initiatives
    Government Organizations and Private Firms
    International NGOs
  • Government Based Initiatives
    Sierra Leone: Operation Feed the Nation and
    Farm Field Schools
    Teaches farmers skills to increase yields.
    Focuses on unskilled post-conflict youth, but includes both young and old.
    Trains farmers to be facilitators in their own communities
  • Government Based Initiatives
    Uganda: National Agricultural Advisory Services
    Also part of a national poverty reduction program
    Successfully reached more people than previous extension program
    Criticized by farmers for providing the knowledge to increase yields but not the financial means to use the knowledge
  • University Initiatives
    AhfadUniversityfor Women: REED Initiative
    Five year program with summers spent in rural developing areas
    Michigan State University: PEARL Initiative
  • Government Organizations and Private Firms
    Government Organizations
    The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
    UNDP- Rapid Impact Emergency in Southern Sudan
    United Agency for International Development (USAID): Southern Sudan Agriculture Revitalization Program
    Private Firms:
    South Sudan Chamber of Commerce, Agriculture
    Hail Agricultural Development Company
    Citadel Capital
    Kenana Sugar Company
  • International NGOs
    Goals of International NGOs:
    Strengthen private enterprise, cooperatives, and market linkages
    Emphasize needs of returning refugees, ex-combatants and youth reintegrating into communities
    Generate employment, income and sustainable livelihoods
    Activities oriented towards urban centers of Juba, Yei and Wau
    CHF International:  Community Livelihood Improvement Program for Southern Sudan (CLIPSS)
    WINROCK International :Southern Sudan Agriculture Revitalization Program
  • Next Steps
    Phase II:
    Required Inputs
    Strategy
    Programme
    Budget
    Funding
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Organizational Structure
  • Conclusion
    Thank You
    www.cornellglobalsolutions.com
    cornellglobalsolutions@gmail.com