Phase I Analysis Agriculture Research and Extension Programme<br />www.cornellglobalsolutions.com<br />
Introduction<br />Historical and Cultural Context<br />Agricultural Context<br />Needs Analysis<br />Institutional Context...
Map of Sudan<br />Khartoum<br />Wau<br />Juba<br />
Historical and Cultural Context<br /><ul><li>Political Background
Economic Conditions
Socio-cultural Factors
Security</li></li></ul><li>Sudan People’s Liberation Movement formed<br />Abboud resigns in favor of civilian government<b...
Comprehensive Peace Agreement<br />Background<br />Objective: Solve Conflict between Sudanese Government and Sudan People’...
Government Structure<br />
International Relations<br />Peace Promotion<br />UN peacekeeping operations.<br />International Investments<br />Oil play...
Economic Factors<br />Growth Linked to Oil Production.<br />Agriculture employs 80% of Workforce.<br />Sudan’s GDP: $37 Bi...
Socio-Cultural Issues<br />Religion and Indigenous Beliefs<br />70% Sunni Muslim, 5% Christian, and 25% Indigenous beliefs...
Security<br />Conflicts at North-South border<br />Religion and life-style differences, and economic interests.<br />Lord’...
Agricultural Context<br />Environment and Climate Change<br />Crops<br />Markets and Financial Institutions<br />Food Secu...
Agricultural Context<br />Environment and Climate Change<br /><ul><li>Impacts of climate change
Major environmental challenges: deforestation, droughts, floods
Impacts of conflict on </li></ul>	local environment<br />
Agricultural Context<br /><ul><li>Crops
Utilizing agricultural potential
Focusing on local crops
Major challenges</li></li></ul><li>Agricultural Context<br /><ul><li> Market and Financial Institutions
Access to  sustainable and reliable markets
Access to microcredit and loans
Partnering with local organizations</li></li></ul><li>Agricultural Context<br /><ul><li>Food Security
Food Insecurity
Malnutrition
Gender Relations</li></li></ul><li>Agricultural Context<br /><ul><li>Agricultural Extension
Considering extension approach
Partnering with farmers
Fostering local innovations</li></li></ul><li>Needs Analysis<br />SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and ...
Needs Analysis: SWOT<br />
Prioritizing Needs<br />Seeds<br />Tools<br />Livestock<br />Irrigation<br />Agriculture Research <br />	and <br />Extensi...
Institutional Context<br />University – Faculty Administrative Interaction and Accountability<br />Sharing Resources and R...
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Agricultural Research and Extension Program for the Catholic University of Sudan

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AREP Design by CGS

  1. 1. Phase I Analysis Agriculture Research and Extension Programme<br />www.cornellglobalsolutions.com<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Historical and Cultural Context<br />Agricultural Context<br />Needs Analysis<br />Institutional Context<br />Complementary Initiatives<br />
  3. 3. Map of Sudan<br />Khartoum<br />Wau<br />Juba<br />
  4. 4. Historical and Cultural Context<br /><ul><li>Political Background
  5. 5. Economic Conditions
  6. 6. Socio-cultural Factors
  7. 7. Security</li></li></ul><li>Sudan People’s Liberation Movement formed<br />Abboud resigns in favor of civilian government<br />Sudanese Independence from British Rule<br />Addis Ababa Agreement ends Civil War <br />Nimeri is Overthrown and Shari’a repealed<br />1956<br />1958<br />1964<br />1969 <br />1972<br />1985<br />1983<br />1989<br />1955<br />Jaafar an NimeriCoup and Military Rule<br />First Civil War<br />Nimeri declares Islamic Law and Civil War strikes<br />Government overthrown by Omar al-Bashir<br />El Ferik Ibrahim Abboud Military Coup<br />Contemporary Events Timeline<br />
  8. 8. Comprehensive Peace Agreement<br />Background<br />Objective: Solve Conflict between Sudanese Government and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement / Army.<br />Result of peace talks supported by international actors.<br />Implemented in 2005.<br />Implications<br />Interim period from 2005 to 2011.<br />Framework for the Interim Constitution<br />Creation of the Government of Southern Sudan.<br />Referendum in 2011 to decide adoption or cessation of the CPA.<br />
  9. 9. Government Structure<br />
  10. 10. International Relations<br />Peace Promotion<br />UN peacekeeping operations.<br />International Investments<br />Oil plays major role: 55% exports go to China, 26% to Japan and 5% to India.<br />High investments in land by South Korea, United Arab Emirates and Egypt.<br />
  11. 11. Economic Factors<br />Growth Linked to Oil Production.<br />Agriculture employs 80% of Workforce.<br />Sudan’s GDP: $37 Billion<br />Public Debt: 93.5 % of GDP<br />Population below Poverty line: 40%<br />Inflation rate: 16%<br />Unemployment: 18.5%<br />Real GDP Growth: 10.2%<br />
  12. 12. Socio-Cultural Issues<br />Religion and Indigenous Beliefs<br />70% Sunni Muslim, 5% Christian, and 25% Indigenous beliefs.<br />Language<br />English, Arabic, and more than 400 languages and dialects.<br />Health and Welfare<br />Malnutrition, disease, poverty, contaminated water.<br />Education<br />Less than 50% of Southern Sudan Children finish primary.<br />Most children have always lived in War, many child soldiers.<br />Gender Issues<br />Women subordinate to men, values based on gender.<br />
  13. 13. Security<br />Conflicts at North-South border<br />Religion and life-style differences, and economic interests.<br />Lord’s Resistance Army<br />History of raiding villages, killing and abducting people.<br />Over 65,000 people displaces by LRA attacks.<br />Guerrilla might increment actions after CPA referendum.<br />Inter-Tribal Clashes<br />Conflict in dry season, competition for limited resources.<br />Minefields and Explosive Remnants of War<br />
  14. 14. Agricultural Context<br />Environment and Climate Change<br />Crops<br />Markets and Financial Institutions<br />Food Security <br />Extension<br />
  15. 15. Agricultural Context<br />Environment and Climate Change<br /><ul><li>Impacts of climate change
  16. 16. Major environmental challenges: deforestation, droughts, floods
  17. 17. Impacts of conflict on </li></ul> local environment<br />
  18. 18. Agricultural Context<br /><ul><li>Crops
  19. 19. Utilizing agricultural potential
  20. 20. Focusing on local crops
  21. 21. Major challenges</li></li></ul><li>Agricultural Context<br /><ul><li> Market and Financial Institutions
  22. 22. Access to sustainable and reliable markets
  23. 23. Access to microcredit and loans
  24. 24. Partnering with local organizations</li></li></ul><li>Agricultural Context<br /><ul><li>Food Security
  25. 25. Food Insecurity
  26. 26. Malnutrition
  27. 27. Gender Relations</li></li></ul><li>Agricultural Context<br /><ul><li>Agricultural Extension
  28. 28. Considering extension approach
  29. 29. Partnering with farmers
  30. 30. Fostering local innovations</li></li></ul><li>Needs Analysis<br />SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) on agricultural prospect for local community<br />Addressing needs as an agricultural and extension programme<br />
  31. 31. Needs Analysis: SWOT<br />
  32. 32. Prioritizing Needs<br />Seeds<br />Tools<br />Livestock<br />Irrigation<br />Agriculture Research <br /> and <br />Extension Programme<br />Basic health <br />Low-cost technology<br />Training (of women)<br />Access to market & capital<br />Farmer-oriented<br />Participatory<br />Sustainable<br />Better infrastructure <br />Develop local market <br />(seeds & produce)<br />Education and health<br />Security<br />
  33. 33. Institutional Context<br />University – Faculty Administrative Interaction and Accountability<br />Sharing Resources and Research at the University<br />Regional and International Partnerships<br />
  34. 34. University – Faculty Administrative Interaction and Accountability<br />Key Support Structures<br />Faculty Budgeting<br />Human Resources Protocol<br />
  35. 35. Key Support Structures<br />Key Support Structures<br />
  36. 36. Sharing Resources and Research at the University<br />Cross-Faculty Projects<br />Regional University Agricultural Partnerships<br />Guest Researcher Exchanges<br />
  37. 37. Regional and International Partnerships <br />Non-governmental partnerships for:<br /><ul><li>Teacher Training
  38. 38. Awareness Campaigns
  39. 39. Women’s Empowerment
  40. 40. Agricultural Training
  41. 41. Microfinance
  42. 42. Resource Distribution</li></li></ul><li>Complementary Intiatives<br />Government Based Initiatives<br />University Initiatives<br />Government Organizations and Private Firms<br />International NGOs<br />
  43. 43. Government Based Initiatives<br />Sierra Leone: Operation Feed the Nation and <br />Farm Field Schools <br />Teaches farmers skills to increase yields.<br />Focuses on unskilled post-conflict youth, but includes both young and old.<br />Trains farmers to be facilitators in their own communities<br />
  44. 44. Government Based Initiatives<br />Uganda: National Agricultural Advisory Services<br />Also part of a national poverty reduction program<br />Successfully reached more people than previous extension program<br />Criticized by farmers for providing the knowledge to increase yields but not the financial means to use the knowledge<br />
  45. 45. University Initiatives<br />AhfadUniversityfor Women: REED Initiative<br />Five year program with summers spent in rural developing areas<br />Michigan State University: PEARL Initiative<br />
  46. 46. Government Organizations and Private Firms<br />Government Organizations<br />The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)<br />UNDP- Rapid Impact Emergency in Southern Sudan<br />United Agency for International Development (USAID): Southern Sudan Agriculture Revitalization Program<br />Private Firms:<br />South Sudan Chamber of Commerce, Agriculture<br />Hail Agricultural Development Company<br />Citadel Capital<br />Kenana Sugar Company<br />
  47. 47. International NGOs<br />Goals of International NGOs:<br />Strengthen private enterprise, cooperatives, and market linkages<br /> Emphasize needs of returning refugees, ex-combatants and youth reintegrating into communities<br />Generate employment, income and sustainable livelihoods<br />Activities oriented towards urban centers of Juba, Yei and Wau<br />CHF International:  Community Livelihood Improvement Program for Southern Sudan (CLIPSS)<br />WINROCK International :Southern Sudan Agriculture Revitalization Program<br />
  48. 48. Next Steps<br />Phase II:<br />Required Inputs<br />Strategy<br />Programme<br />Budget<br />Funding<br /><ul><li>Monitoring and Evaluation
  49. 49. Organizational Structure</li></li></ul><li>Conclusion<br />Thank You<br />www.cornellglobalsolutions.com<br />cornellglobalsolutions@gmail.com<br />

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