Like any new technology, ebooks& textbooks CAN simply replicate the forms of their predecessors…But they DONT HAVE TO.
Choices• Part of what eBooks and Open Textbooks can be is based on the “affordances” offered by the technologies• Part of it is based on what you are used to or wanting to do• Part of it is meeting immediate needs and anticipating future ones as best as possible
“Affordances”"a quality of an object, or an environment, which allows an individual to perform an action" (wikipedia)
“Networked” Affordances• one copy used by many• left in place / addressable• allows for collaboration
“Digital” Affordances• its form is not its content• infinite copy-ability• infinite change-ability/versions - it does not need to be "final" or "finished”• iterable, forkable new versions
“Open” Affordances• Serendipity as operating principle – cant guarantee if you share openly serendipity will happen, but CAN guarantee if you dont share openly, it probably WONT
Questions to help work through these choices• Who are the Authors?• Who will Read/Use the material?• How will they Author?• How will they Read?• How they Interact with the material and each other?
Who are the Authors?• Single Author?• Multiple (Known) Authors?• Multiple Authors, some unknown• Students as Authors / Book as Product
Who will Read/Use the material?• My students?• Any student?• My co-instructors?• Any instructor?
How will they Author?• Written on ones own on the desktop (word)• Written on ones own on the network (google docs)• Written with another, but not collaboratively (google docs, wordpress chapters)• Written with others, colloboratively and asynchronously (wiki)• Written with others, collaboratively and synchronously (booki, etherpad)
How will they Read?• Online (web browser)• In print (themselves, or bound via service or bookstore)• eBook• Audiobook? Accessibility?
How they Interact with the material and each other?• On their own? / With others• Annotatable? Annotations Shareable? Outside of closed platform?• Rich Media and Interactivity?• Can they contribute? Comment? Fork/Derive?
Picking the solution that is right for you means a balance between Your current practice and skill levelsYour infrastructure Realistic potentialand other technical for serendipityRealities Needs of your primary readership, and where possible, future ones
Examples• On your own – Desktop approach• On your own or with others – Wordpress approach• With others – Mediawiki approach• With others (and REAL fast!) – book sprints
On your own – desktop approachExample: Industrial Organization - http://nboccard.wordpress.com/downloa d/• LaTeX - http://www.latex-project.org/• Word (or better Open Office) -> HTML - >ePub; print to PDF• Sigil - http://code.google.com/p/sigil/• Can still get multiple outputs but lose affordances around versioning, collaboration
On your own or with others – Wordpress approachExample: http://sleslie.pressbooks.com/Example: http://tkbr.ccsp.sfu.ca/bookofmpub/• Pressbooks – http://pressbooks.com• Anthologize - http://anthologize.org/• Produces web, PDF and ePub versions• Comments allow for interaction w/ non- authors• Easily permits multiple authors or single author
With others – Mediawiki approachExample: http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Cognitive_Psychology_ and_Cognitive_Neuroscience• Collections Plugin - http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:Collectio n• ePubExport - http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:EPubExpo rt• WikiEducator - http://wikieducator.org/Main_Page• Produces web, PDF and ePub version• Web versions imminently collaborative, both in authoring and after the fact as teaching/learning space
With others (and REAL fast!) – Book SprintsExamples: http://www.booki.cc/groups/floss- manuals/• Book Sprints - http://www.booksprints.net/• Booki - http://www.booki.cc/• Etherpad - http://etherpad.org/
BUT WHAT ABOUT THE IPAD/IBOOKS?• Absolutely, worth looking into, but…• To fully get the benefit, all of your readers must be using iPads• Apple playing fast and loose with standards (again)• Lots of Teh Shiny is stuff you couldn’t do on your own anyways, and with others, CAN do in more accessible ways
Other Stuff• Connexions – http://cnx.org/• ePub reader browser add- onhttps://addons.mozilla.org/en- US/firefox/addon/epubreader/• GrabMyBooks browser add-on https://addons.mozilla.org/en- US/firefox/addon/grabmybooks/• Its all about the (work)FLOW - Open Educator as DJ http://edtechpost.wikispaces.com/Open+ Educator+as+DJ+%28Final%29
The End• BCcampus Open Textbook pilot – http://opentextbook.troy.bccampus.ca/• Edtechpost – http://www.edtechpost.ca/• firstname.lastname@example.org / @sleslie