Moscow Facts • As of January 1, 2010, Moscows population • President: Dmitry was 10,562,099. This Medvedev makes it 1 of the top 10 • Prime Minister: largest cities in the Vladimir Putin world. • Moscow is 3 hours ahead of London time and 8 hours ahead of New York. • Has more billionaires than any other city in the worldDmitry Medvedev Vladimir Putin
Brief History• 1147 - first mention is made about Moscow; founded by Prince Yuri Dolgoruki• 1328 - Moscow became the capital city of the Great Moscow Principality and of all Russian Lands.• 1713 - Under Peter I’s rule, the capital city was moved from Moscow to Petersburg.• 1812: War against Napoleon. Many buildings destroyed, but Russia won.• 1918 - The city of Moscow became the capital of USSR. Communists were afraid to stay in St.Petersburg which was closer to the borders.• Present: Russia’s capital today
Moscow In Flames
The Kremlin • Kremlin: fortress • The Kremlin has been the residence of the President since 1992. • The Kremlin is a symbol of Russian statehood. • It contains the Towers, the Grand Kremlin Palace, and a number of museums.
Red Square• Red Square is located outside the Kremlin, along its Eastern wall.• The name Red Square, does not refer to “red” as a symbol of Communism. The square is called Krasnaya Ploshad where krasnaya means both “red” and “beautiful”.
St. Basil’s Cathedral • Famous for its distinctive onion domes • Primarily built by Ivan the Terrible. • Made up of 9 individual chapels • It is believed that Ivan blinded the architect, so that he could not create another work as beautiful.
St Basil’s Cathedral
Largest and Most Expensive Building in the World • Crystal Island • a $4 billion 5 year project • 27 million square feet of space, 900 apartments, and 3,000 hotel rooms • 1,500 ft. tall
Moscow’s Weather• Moscow has a continental climate, which includes cold, long winters,and hot summers.• During the winter, there is only about 6 hours of daylight in the middle of the season and temperatures can be below freezing.• Snow typically starts in October and lasts usually until spring.• Moscow has little rainfall, with most of the precipitation is from snow• Typically colder than other European countries
Moscow Climate Chart
Languages Spoken in Moscow• Of all of Russias population, over 81% speak Russian as their first and only language.• There are over 100 minority languages spoken in Russia today, the most popular of which is Tartar, spoken by more than 3% of the countrys population.• Other minority languages include Ukrainian, Chuvash, Bashir, Mordvin and Chechen. Although few of these populations make up even 1% of the Russian population, these languages are prominent in key regional areas.
Useful phrases in Russian• How are you?: Kak dila?• Yes: da• No: net• Thank you: spasiba• Whats your name?: kak vas zavut?• My name is.: minya zavut.• Where are you from?: atkuda vy?• What time is it?: Katoryy chas?• How much is it?: skolka stoit?