An abnormality of the nervous system. There is a problem with the communication between the brain and the body. Any part of the nerve cell (cell body, axon, or dendrites) can be damaged. The most common place for the damage to occur is in the axon. There are several types of neuropathy, including: Diabetic, Alcoholic, and Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy (CIPN).
If sensory nerves become damaged, the result could be loss of pain sensation replaced with numbness. Numbness of the extremities could cause minor wounds to become infected by bacteria, leading to Ulcers.
Fungi or fungus is a microscopic organism that can be found on the skin. Fungus does not always cause problems; however, problems occur when it grows out of control, in turn, creating a fungal infection.
Sebaceous glands are located alongside the hair follicles. They produce oils. The most common Sebaceous gland disorders are acne and Rosacea. Some people report discomfort from sebaceous gland disorders.
Whiteheads are closed comedos. Whiteheads develop when oils that are clogging the pore are trapped below the skins surface.
Cystic Acne is the most severe form of acne due to its ability to cause scarring. The pressure from dead skin cells builds up causing leakage of bacteria found in the duct to inflame the dermis. If that bacteria cannot drain completely bumps and nodules appear causing cystic acne.
Rash and flulike symptoms caused by the herpes zoster virus that typically affect children, but can be seen in adults as well. Chickenpox is extremely contagious from two days before the rash appears until the sores have scabbed over.
The herpes virus lies dormant in the nerves located alongside the spinal cord. A weakened immune system or stress can cause the virus to reactivate. Many times only one nerve is effected, so the shingles rash appears on one side, in one area.
Autoimmune means the body’s immune system wants to attack itself. The immune system creates antibodies to protect against outside bacteria, viruses and antigens, but these antibodies, for reasons not fully understood, can sometimes attack the body leaving it vulnerable to infections.
According to www.lupus.org , approximately 1.5 million Americans and 5 million people worldwide are believed to be living with Lupus. Lupus can be an acute or chronic inflammatory disease of bodily tissues, which effect various parts of the body, including: the skin, heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, joints, nervous system, blood, etc. The cause of Lupus is unknown. Although, there is not a cure for Lupus, medications can help alleviate or reduce the severity that the disease has on the body. Lupus is a disease known for its flare-ups.
Cutaneous Lupus, also referred to as Discoid Lupus, effects the skin. The most common rash resulting from cutaneous lupus is the discoid rash. The rash appears red, raised and often times scaly. The disc like lesions that develop are where the name Discoid Lupus originated.
The malar rash or butterfly rash is another example of cutaneous lupus. The malar rash develops on the cheeks, nose, and eyelids. Approximately 10% of people with Cutaneous Lupus will develop SLE (Lupus Foundation of America, 2008).
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition originating in the stratum corneum and other layers of the epidermis. It is characterized by inflamed, itchy, red, scaly areas that often develop on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. Psoriasis affects between 5-7 million people in the U.S. ( http://www.healthline.com , Psoriasis, 10/07)
Most common form of skin cancer accounting for approximately 80% of all cases. Originates in the basal cells located at the bottom of the epidermis. Commonly found on the face, neck, scalp, shoulders, and back.