Library Types & Personnel Roles
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Library Types & Personnel Roles

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This presentation describes the different types of libraries and types of jobs that exist in libraries.

This presentation describes the different types of libraries and types of jobs that exist in libraries.

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  • I am in March, 2013.
  • http://www.ala.org/tools/libfactsheets/alalibraryfactsheet02
  • BPL founded in 1848, first municipal library system in US.

Transcript

  • 1. Library Types & Personnel Roles LIB 101 Fall, 2014
  • 2. Types of Libraries  Academic  Public  School  Special
  • 3. Academic Libraries  Colleges & Universities  Collection designed to meet the needs of the curriculum  AVC Collection Development  Usually one main library  May also have subject-specific libraries  Low focus on fiction  Controlled population (students)  Part of campus budget
  • 4. Public Libraries  Collection designed to meet the needs of the general public (broadest range of all library types)  Large fiction collection  Uncontrolled population  Part of city or county budget  Community services
  • 5. Public Libraries Individual  Palmdale City Library Branch Systems  City Systems L.A. Public Library (68 Branches)  County Systems L.A. County Public Library (84 Branches)  City/County Systems Sacramento Public Library (25 Branches)  A Central/Main library is common
  • 6. School Libraries  Part of a public or private school  Elementary – Junior High/Middle – High  Some combined with Public Library • Scottsdale Public Library – Palomino Library  Collection designed to meet the needs of the school  Good fiction collection at the level of the school  Part of school budget
  • 7. Special Libraries  Government  Federal (U.S. Army Libraries)  State (California State Library)  Law  Private  Librarians often have law degrees (J.D.)  Government (Public)  Corporate (M.L.S. not always required)  Non-profit Organizations (IELC)  Museums & Galleries  Archives (NARA)
  • 8. Personnel Roles  Leader  Administrative  Supervisory  Librarians  Paraprofessionals  Clerical
  • 9. Librarians  Stereotypes
  • 10. Librarian Images  lollibrarian  This is What a Librarian Looks Like  Ryan Gosling Meme
  • 11. Librarians  Master’s degree usually required.  M.L.S., M.L.I.S., M.S.L.S., M.M.L.I.S.  List of institutions with Library Science Programs  Library & Information Careers: Emerging Trends and Titles  Bureau of Labor Statistics information on Librarians  Second advanced degree may be required in universities or some special libraries.
  • 12. Two Areas of Librarian Services  Technical Services  Catalog Management  Book Ordering  Book Processing  Public Services  Reference Services  Collection Development  Special Programs  Pathfinders and Research Guides  Community Services
  • 13. Two Areas of Librarian Public Services  Adult Services  Reference Service  Collection Development by Area  Programming • Books Clubs • Classes • Outside Speakers  Community Services • Taxes • Special Groups  Children’s Services  Reference Service  Collection Development  Programming • Storytimes • Reading Clubs • Special Contests • Literacy Encouragement  Community Services • Schools • Parents
  • 14. Leader  Library Director  Also Called City/County/State Librarian  Appointed by Board  Usually a former librarian with M.L.S.  Many years of experience  May have Ph.D.  Usually does not perform librarian duties
  • 15. Administrative  Not necessarily librarians  Administrate the Library Director’s directives  May not have advanced degree
  • 16. Supervisory  Usually librarians with M.L.S.  Several years experience and leadership skills  Supervises branches or departments of a central library  Titles: Head Librarian, Branch Librarian, Supervising Librarian, Regional Librarian
  • 17. Paraprofessionals  Library Technicians/Assistants  Also called Circulation Technicians  Often have different levels based education and experience
  • 18. Paraprofessionals  Book maintenance & management  Issuance of library cards  Fines & fees
  • 19. Clerical  No education requirements  Usually part-time  Typing/Labeling  Shelving Books  Often college students in colleges & university libraries and high school students in public libraries.
  • 20. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.)  There are about 150,000 librarians in the U.S. working in 121,000 libraries.  27,000 Academic Librarians • 88,000 total staff  46,000 Public Librarians • 140,000 total staff
  • 21. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.)  Librarians answer around 6.6 million reference questions per week.  58% of U.S. adults have a public library card.  Americans visit libraries three times more than they go to movie theatres.  There are more public library branches than McDonald’s franchises.  16,700 vs. 14,000
  • 22. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.)  Academic and public reference librarians answer about 6.6 million questions each week.  There are 584 students in colleges and universities for every academic librarian (14 students for every teaching faculty member.)
  • 23. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.)  The cost of all public libraries is about $36 per American per year.  2 million more people visited an academic library reference desk than saw a college basketball game.  Academic libraries receive about three cents of every higher education dollar spent.  The largest libraries in the U.S.