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Library Types & 
Personnel Roles 
LIB 101 
Fall, 2014
Types of Libraries 
 Academic 
 Public 
 School 
 Special
Academic Libraries 
 Colleges & Universities 
 Collection designed to meet the 
needs of the curriculum 
 AVC Collectio...
Public Libraries 
 Collection designed to meet the 
needs of the general public 
(broadest range of all library types) 
...
Public Libraries 
Individual 
 Palmdale City Library 
Branch Systems 
 City Systems 
L.A. Public Library (68 Branches) ...
School Libraries 
 Part of a public or private school 
 Elementary – Junior High/Middle – High 
 Some combined with Pub...
Special Libraries 
 Government 
 Federal (U.S. Army Libraries) 
 State (California State Library) 
 Law 
 Private 
 ...
Personnel Roles 
 Leader 
 Administrative 
 Supervisory 
 Librarians 
 Paraprofessionals 
 Clerical
Librarians 
 Stereotypes
Librarian Images 
 lollibrarian 
 This is What a Librarian Looks Like 
 Ryan Gosling Meme
Librarians 
 Master’s degree usually required. 
 M.L.S., M.L.I.S., M.S.L.S., M.M.L.I.S. 
 List of institutions with Lib...
Two Areas of Librarian 
Services 
 Technical Services 
 Catalog 
Management 
 Book Ordering 
 Book Processing 
 Publi...
Two Areas of Librarian 
Public Services 
 Adult Services 
 Reference Service 
 Collection Development 
by Area 
 Progr...
Leader 
 Library Director 
 Also Called City/County/State Librarian 
 Appointed by Board 
 Usually a former librarian ...
Administrative 
 Not necessarily librarians 
 Administrate the Library Director’s 
directives 
 May not have advanced d...
Supervisory 
 Usually librarians with M.L.S. 
 Several years experience and 
leadership skills 
 Supervises branches or...
Paraprofessionals 
 Library Technicians/Assistants 
 Also called Circulation Technicians 
 Often have different levels ...
Paraprofessionals 
 Book maintenance & management 
 Issuance of library cards 
 Fines & fees
Clerical 
 No education requirements 
 Usually part-time 
 Typing/Labeling 
 Shelving Books 
 Often college students ...
Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.) 
 There are about 150,000 librarians 
in the U.S. working in 121,000 
librar...
Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.) 
 Librarians answer around 6.6 million 
reference questions per week. 
 58%...
Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.) 
 Academic and public reference 
librarians answer about 6.6 million 
questi...
Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.) 
 The cost of all public libraries is 
about $36 per American per year. 
 2...
Library Types & Personnel Roles
Library Types & Personnel Roles
Library Types & Personnel Roles
Library Types & Personnel Roles
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Library Types & Personnel Roles

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This presentation describes the different types of libraries and types of jobs that exist in libraries.

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  • I am in March, 2013.
  • http://www.ala.org/tools/libfactsheets/alalibraryfactsheet02
  • BPL founded in 1848, first municipal library system in US.
  • Transcript of "Library Types & Personnel Roles"

    1. 1. Library Types & Personnel Roles LIB 101 Fall, 2014
    2. 2. Types of Libraries  Academic  Public  School  Special
    3. 3. Academic Libraries  Colleges & Universities  Collection designed to meet the needs of the curriculum  AVC Collection Development  Usually one main library  May also have subject-specific libraries  Low focus on fiction  Controlled population (students)  Part of campus budget
    4. 4. Public Libraries  Collection designed to meet the needs of the general public (broadest range of all library types)  Large fiction collection  Uncontrolled population  Part of city or county budget  Community services
    5. 5. Public Libraries Individual  Palmdale City Library Branch Systems  City Systems L.A. Public Library (68 Branches)  County Systems L.A. County Public Library (84 Branches)  City/County Systems Sacramento Public Library (25 Branches)  A Central/Main library is common
    6. 6. School Libraries  Part of a public or private school  Elementary – Junior High/Middle – High  Some combined with Public Library • Scottsdale Public Library – Palomino Library  Collection designed to meet the needs of the school  Good fiction collection at the level of the school  Part of school budget
    7. 7. Special Libraries  Government  Federal (U.S. Army Libraries)  State (California State Library)  Law  Private  Librarians often have law degrees (J.D.)  Government (Public)  Corporate (M.L.S. not always required)  Non-profit Organizations (IELC)  Museums & Galleries  Archives (NARA)
    8. 8. Personnel Roles  Leader  Administrative  Supervisory  Librarians  Paraprofessionals  Clerical
    9. 9. Librarians  Stereotypes
    10. 10. Librarian Images  lollibrarian  This is What a Librarian Looks Like  Ryan Gosling Meme
    11. 11. Librarians  Master’s degree usually required.  M.L.S., M.L.I.S., M.S.L.S., M.M.L.I.S.  List of institutions with Library Science Programs  Library & Information Careers: Emerging Trends and Titles  Bureau of Labor Statistics information on Librarians  Second advanced degree may be required in universities or some special libraries.
    12. 12. Two Areas of Librarian Services  Technical Services  Catalog Management  Book Ordering  Book Processing  Public Services  Reference Services  Collection Development  Special Programs  Pathfinders and Research Guides  Community Services
    13. 13. Two Areas of Librarian Public Services  Adult Services  Reference Service  Collection Development by Area  Programming • Books Clubs • Classes • Outside Speakers  Community Services • Taxes • Special Groups  Children’s Services  Reference Service  Collection Development  Programming • Storytimes • Reading Clubs • Special Contests • Literacy Encouragement  Community Services • Schools • Parents
    14. 14. Leader  Library Director  Also Called City/County/State Librarian  Appointed by Board  Usually a former librarian with M.L.S.  Many years of experience  May have Ph.D.  Usually does not perform librarian duties
    15. 15. Administrative  Not necessarily librarians  Administrate the Library Director’s directives  May not have advanced degree
    16. 16. Supervisory  Usually librarians with M.L.S.  Several years experience and leadership skills  Supervises branches or departments of a central library  Titles: Head Librarian, Branch Librarian, Supervising Librarian, Regional Librarian
    17. 17. Paraprofessionals  Library Technicians/Assistants  Also called Circulation Technicians  Often have different levels based education and experience
    18. 18. Paraprofessionals  Book maintenance & management  Issuance of library cards  Fines & fees
    19. 19. Clerical  No education requirements  Usually part-time  Typing/Labeling  Shelving Books  Often college students in colleges & university libraries and high school students in public libraries.
    20. 20. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.)  There are about 150,000 librarians in the U.S. working in 121,000 libraries.  27,000 Academic Librarians • 88,000 total staff  46,000 Public Librarians • 140,000 total staff
    21. 21. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.)  Librarians answer around 6.6 million reference questions per week.  58% of U.S. adults have a public library card.  Americans visit libraries three times more than they go to movie theatres.  There are more public library branches than McDonald’s franchises.  16,700 vs. 14,000
    22. 22. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.)  Academic and public reference librarians answer about 6.6 million questions each week.  There are 584 students in colleges and universities for every academic librarian (14 students for every teaching faculty member.)
    23. 23. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.)  The cost of all public libraries is about $36 per American per year.  2 million more people visited an academic library reference desk than saw a college basketball game.  Academic libraries receive about three cents of every higher education dollar spent.  The largest libraries in the U.S.
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