Library Catalogs

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This covered the basics of libraries catalogs.

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  • Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University
  • For web, publication is difficult because a website exists for such a long time. Also, the web address is the location code.
  • We categorize the people in our lives based on their relationship and importance to us. We can also categorize things based on their purpose.
  • Indexes organize access points to information.
  • PHYS DESCR (Physical Description) covers such things as the number of pages, size, does it have illustrations and/or an index.
  • Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University
  • Library Catalogs

    1. 1. Library Catalogs Spring, 2016
    2. 2. What is a catalog?  A set of records that provide information about the items that the catalog represents.  Metadata: Information about information.  Catalogs are organized in indexes.
    3. 3. Alexandrian Library – Egypt  About 3rd Cent B.C. – Had a library catalog which was divided into ten main subject areas: Poetry The Drama Laws Philosophy History Oratory Medicine Mathematical Science Natural Science Miscellanea
    4. 4. Alexandrian Library – Egypt  Also had an alphabetical author index which covered: – Name – Place of Birth – Name of Father – Name of Teachers – Nicknames – Bibliography  Had over 520,000 Papyrus Rolls
    5. 5. Library Catalogs  Early catalogs were book catalogs  3 x 5 Card began being used in U.S. in latter part of 19th Century  Automated systems began use in 1970’s  Automated systems with full access through the WWW are now standard
    6. 6. Describe an Object  Work in Pairs  Describe Important Details About Your Object – Size, Shape, Color, Material, etc. – What else would you add?
    7. 7. Main Parts of a Library Catalog  Bibliographic Description – Identification (Title, Author, Format) – Publication (Date, Publisher) – Subject Information – Multiple-Access Files / Points  Location Information – Call Number or Location Code
    8. 8. Control  Cataloging information is a natural human activity. – We categorize humanity.  A catalog is ultimately a tool of control.
    9. 9. Catalog Controls  Authority Control – The use of uniform terms for names and topics as access points to bibliographic records.  Bibliographic Control – The organization and arrangement of recorded information by established standards.
    10. 10. Authority Control  Language is the most basic form of Authority Control that everyone uses everyday.
    11. 11. Authority Control  If Language = Authority Control Then Authority Control = Language  Primary Tool of Authority Control: – Library of Congress Subject Headings
    12. 12. Subject Headings (Authority Control)  Descriptive terms assigned to each item in a catalog  Uses Controlled Vocabulary  Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) primarily used  Designed to facilitate browsing in the catalog
    13. 13. Classification Systems (Bibliographic Control)  Attempts to bring together comparable materials in a logical arrangement. – Facilitates Browsing  The most commonly used systems: – Dewey Decimal (Dewey) – Library of Congress (LC)
    14. 14. Call Numbers  Determines the location of an item based on its subject grouping.  Call numbers may include: – Classification Number – Book number developed from author or title – Edition number – Year of publication
    15. 15. Call Numbers  KF4758.A7 G66 1988 – KF4758.A7 = Classification – G66 = Author (Goldstein, Leslie) – 1988 = Year of Publication  The constitutional rights of women : cases in law and social change
    16. 16. Library of Congress (LC)  Developed by the Library of Congress in the early 1900’s to deal with the ever growing amount of printed information they had to deal with.  Replaced a system developed by Thomas Jefferson.
    17. 17. Library of Congress (LC)  Has 21 Main Classes  All LC call numbers begin with letters  Primarily used in Academic libraries  Allows for greater expansion and flexibility that Dewey
    18. 18. Dewey Decimal  Developed by Melvil Dewey in late 1800’s  All Dewey call numbers begin with numbers  Has ten major classes  Primarily used in public and school libraries
    19. 19. Dewey Decimal  900 Geography & History  970 General history of North America  973 United States History  973.7 Civil War 1861 – 1865  973.73 Military Operations  973.7349 Battle of Gettysburg
    20. 20. Library of Congress HF 5686 .D7  HF = business  5686 = accounting  .D7 = drug stores
    21. 21. Library of Congress HF 5686 .P3  HF = business  5686 = accounting  .P3 = petroleum industry
    22. 22. Library of Congress HF 5686 .S75  HF = business  5686 = accounting  .S75 = steel industry
    23. 23. Searching a Catalog
    24. 24. Searching a Catalog
    25. 25. Computer Catalogs
    26. 26. AVC Library Catalog www.avc.edu

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