Wade CIRAD 2010

312 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
312
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Wade CIRAD 2010

  1. 1. MIS & REGULATION OF AGRICULTURAL MARKETS IN SENEGAL: The ‘‘Agence de Régulation des Marchés’’ case Idrissa WADE
  2. 2. EVOLUTION GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION IN AGRICULTURE  Before 1995: Monopoly  State monopoly on rice distribution and importation  In 1995: Regulation through information  Liberalization but  Creation of MIS :“Cellule de Gestion et de Surveillance des Marchés du Riz’’  In 2002: Regulation through policy discussion between policy makers and commodity associations  ARM created for this instance  Support of new products: onion, potato, banana, rice, millet 2
  3. 3. PRESENTATION OF ARM  Autonomous administrative structure under the technical supervision of the Ministry of Trade  Objectives:  monitoring markets prices evolution, particularly through an alert and information system that enable decision makers to have information on the status of markets, and  facilitate a discussion involving actors of agricultural commodity supply chains. 3
  4. 4. REGULATION SYSTEM  Inter-professional body includes representatives of :  Producers  Manufacturers  Financial institutions, input suppliers, agricultural service providers  Traders  Consumers,  Public institutions and development agencies  MIS covers up the entire country with:  174 permanent markets and  182 weekly markets 4
  5. 5. ONION CASE  Onion first rank of the CUMAR  In 2009:  Sup. 5100 ha and a prod. 82.300 T [DH, 2007]  principal consumed vegetable:  20% of the vegetable total expenditure  6 kg/per capita/year in 1990 to 14 kg/per capita/year in 2007 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. RELEASE ELEMENT : COMPETITION OF IMPORTED ONION  1999: Overproduction  February : under 50 FCFA ( >100 FCFA year before)  Creation a committee with assistance SAED (development agency)  Measures  price min 100 FCFA  Fixing of quotas  Control trucks  beginning of May: raise prices 80-100 FCFA  At the end of May: lower prices 10
  11. 11. CADRE NATIONAL DE CONCERTATION ET DE SUIVI  OIP: cadre regroupant des groupes d’acteurs d’une filière ayant établis des concertations, des contrats ou des coordinations  Activité essentielle : Elaborer des accords  Point clé du respect des accords (Ménard, 2003)  Enforceability: capacité d'implémenter ex -ante des règles et des procédures de mise en œuvre réalisables  Enforcement: dispositifs nécessaires pour rendre ces règles opérationnelles ex –post 11  Contrôle: Information
  12. 12.  Producers:  APOV, AUMN, ANDH, UJAK, APPN, ONAPES  Traders:  UNACOIS et UNACOIS/DEF  Consumers  Public institutions and development agencies  DCI, DCE, DPV, Douane, DH, SAED 12
  13. 13. CADRE NATIONAL DE CONCERTATION ET DE SUIVI  prior to the signature of the agreement many activities, such as value chain diagnosis, consultation roundtables, and strategy and action plan definition, among others, are carried out  Agreements :  Restriction period  Price charter  Execution of agreements  Stop of delivery  prior approvals and inspection statements by the DPV  Importation statement by the DCI 13
  14. 14. Year 2003 2007 Production (tonnes 70 000 120 000 Price (F CFA/kg) 75-100 125-175 •necessary government intervention to ensure the effectiveness of agreements •possibility of the emergence of collective strategies for a concerted regulation of agricultural markets in connection with the government. 14

×