“ Edit This Page” The Socio-technological Infrastructure  of a Wikipedia Article Shaun Slattery DePaul University [email_a...
Networked fact-building <ul><li>increasing use of, need for  networked environments for collaborative authorship  </li></u...
Activity system of a W’pedia article mediating artifacts :  wiki environment, sources object : clean coal technologies art...
Activity system of a W’pedia article mediating artifacts :  wiki environment, sources object : clean coal technologies art...
Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Community : strong sense of community, dedicated </li></ul><ul><li>Division of ...
Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>Article </li></ul>
Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>Article </li></ul><ul><u...
Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>Edit this page </li></ul>
Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>Edit this page </li></ul...
Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul>
Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><u...
Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion/Talk pages </...
Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion/Talk pages </...
Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>User functionalities,  <...
Fact-building and infrastructure <ul><li>Much fact-building activity is primarily mediated by mere writing, standard web t...
Swarts Shaun Slattery DePaul University [email_address] http://condor.depaul.edu/~sslatte1/
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Analysis of Wikipedia Editing (socio-technological infrastructure)

422 views
363 views

Published on

Presentation at the 27th Annual International Conference on Design of Communication.

By Shaun Slattery, Ph.D.

Networked environments, such as wikis, are commonly used to support work, including the collaborative authoring of information and “fact-building.” In networked environments, the activity of fact-building is mediated not only by the technological features of the interface, but also by the social conventions of the community it supports. This paper examines the social and technological features of a Wikipedia article in order to understand how these features help mediate the activity of factbuilding and highlights the need for communication designers to consider the goals and needs of the communities for which they design.

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
422
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • According to Latour and Woolgar, “Statements lie along a continuum according to the extent to which they refer to the conditions of their construction” [3, p.176]. Early on, facts must refer to the conditions of their creation in order to persuade potential allies. Eventually, however, “the process of construction involves the use of certain devices whereby all traces of production are made extremely difficult to detect” [3, p.176]. To see how a scientific fact was constructed, one must look back in the literature to trace the fact’s evolution. These dynamics of fact-building are also apparent in Wikipedia; however the design of the environment has implications for the activity of fact-building.
  • The editors of the “clean coal technologies” article ( subject ) are using the technological infrastructure of the wiki as well as internal and external information sources ( mediating artifacts ) to produce an article ( object ) with the general motive of contributing to the Wikipedia project ( outcome ). These editors are a subset of the larger community of Wikipedia authors, among whom the group’s labor is divided and who generally abide by Wikipedia’s stated policy and informal conventions ( rules ).
  • much fact-building activity is primarily mediated by mere writing [see 16] – that is, “back and forth writing, editing, and revising, through periods of negotiation”
  • Analysis of Wikipedia Editing (socio-technological infrastructure)

    1. 1. “ Edit This Page” The Socio-technological Infrastructure of a Wikipedia Article Shaun Slattery DePaul University [email_address] ACM SIGDOC October 7, 2009 Bloomington, IN
    2. 2. Networked fact-building <ul><li>increasing use of, need for networked environments for collaborative authorship </li></ul><ul><li>corporate teamwork, fan sites, scientific research </li></ul><ul><li>challenges of designing such environments… </li></ul><ul><li>socio-technological factors to consider </li></ul>
    3. 3. Activity system of a W’pedia article mediating artifacts : wiki environment, sources object : clean coal technologies article outcome : Wikipedia project subject : “clean coal technologies” article authors division of labor : editors, administrators, stewards community : Wikipedia authors rules : Wikipedia policy and informal conventions
    4. 4. Activity system of a W’pedia article mediating artifacts : wiki environment, sources object : clean coal technologies article outcome : Wikipedia project subject : “clean coal technologies” article authors division of labor : editors, administrators, stewards community : Wikipedia authors rules : Wikipedia policy and informal conventions socio-technological
    5. 5. Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Community : strong sense of community, dedicated </li></ul><ul><li>Division of Labor : formal roles, interest/expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Rules : official policy, unofficial practices </li></ul>
    6. 6. Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>Article </li></ul>
    7. 7. Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>Article </li></ul><ul><ul><li>functionality: “fixed” text, though sources noted </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>Edit this page </li></ul>
    9. 9. Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>Edit this page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>functionality: text features, link/embed, hidden comment, block quote, reference </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul>
    11. 11. Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><ul><li>functionality: compare/search, revision statistics, undo, timestamp, userID, talk, notes </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion/Talk pages </li></ul>
    13. 13. Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion/Talk pages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>functionalities : edit, history, watch, purge </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Socio-technological infrastructure <ul><li>Functionality mediates fact-building </li></ul><ul><li>User functionalities, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ watch” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ profile” </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Fact-building and infrastructure <ul><li>Much fact-building activity is primarily mediated by mere writing, standard web technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges lie in creating community, rules, labor-division </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest challenge in motivation toward goal </li></ul><ul><li>What can/should we design and how? </li></ul>
    16. 16. Swarts Shaun Slattery DePaul University [email_address] http://condor.depaul.edu/~sslatte1/

    ×