Team building for coaches


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  • We spend a great deal of time as coaches developing physical talent. As a college coach, the number one thing we looked for when recruiting was talent and ability. Does the most talented team always win the championship?? If that were true we wouldn’t need state playoffs. We would just assign the championship to the team who on paper looks to have the most talent.
  • Team building for coaches

    1. 1. The team building/cohesion relationship:What every coach should know to get the most out of their team Stefanie A. Latham, Ph.D. Contact info and Bio on Last slide
    2. 2. “Naturally there are going to be someups and down, particularly if you haveindividuals trying to achieve at a highlevel…when a pressure situationpresented itself, we were plugged intoone another as a cohesive unit. That’swhy we were able to win, and that’s whywe were able to beat more talentedteams” (Michael Jordon, 1994, 23)
    3. 3. Why you need to increase cohesion on your team Teams do not succeed on talent alone! Success requires teamwork  “You’re not going to win with kids who are just All-Americans. A team must have togetherness” (Pat Riley) Talent without teamwork=TROUBLE! Teamwork allows your talent to work together in harmony. (Cohesion)
    4. 4. Cohesion Defined Cohesion is the tendency of a group to stick together and remain united while pursuing goals and objectives (Carron et al., 1998). Two types of Cohesion:  Social – relates to relationships  Task – activities team engages in to accomplish goals  Can be accomplished by team building
    5. 5. Team Building Effective means to increase cohesion Cohesion increases chances of success and satisfaction Successful coaches and athletes credit their success to cohesion Cohesion contributes to as much as 80-95% of team’s success (Yukelson, 1996; 2002)
    6. 6. Why Team-Building Enhances task and social cohesion Maximizes potential because the team is focused on common goals Enhances success by minimizing conflict Increases your odds of winning Make the season more enjoyable for you and your players! Important for team and individual sports
    7. 7. More on Team Building Coaches only devote 5-10% of practice time to developing team chemistry Team building can include games & activities But also drills to sharpen focus, set goals, clear communication, imagery, build motivation and confidence, etc
    8. 8. Cohesion is a product of team-building Conceptual Factors that increase cohesion:2. The Team’s Environment3. The Team’s Structure4. The Team’s Processes Each factor holds specific components Research says TB in each area increases cohesion but varies from team to team
    9. 9. Team Structure Role Clarity, Acceptance, and Appreciation Leadership (coaches and team leaders)  How are you going to chose leaders?  How are you going to increase leadership on your team? Conformity to Standards  More likely if there is ownership
    10. 10. Team Environment Togetherness  Team wins together, loses together  Social events  Supportive teammates in practices and games Distinctiveness  Sense of pride, traditions within the team
    11. 11. Team processes Sacrifices  Team rules, high status members Goals & Objectives  Common team goals are associated w/greater success than individual  Process goals vs. outcome goals  Enhanced cohesion if players have a say = take ownership Cooperation (working together)
    12. 12. BRAINSTORMING TIME!!! Each group brainstorm and generate as many specific strategies as possible that they might be used for team building based on the conceptual factors discussed.  Include TB activities for TS, TE, & TP Designate a transcriber and a speaker Time starts now……………………….
    13. 13. SHARE TIME! Speaker, quickly and briefly tell us using your GYM voice what Specific Strategies your group came up with
    14. 14. Team Building Strategies forBuilding Social Cohesion Team dinners, go to the movies together, have your team play a different sport Preseason retreat or training camps Team scavenger hunts Support squads – pairs, goals People bingo card Secret pals
    15. 15. Team Building Strategies (cont.) Sunshine notes Switch positions for the day (roles) I got your back (roles) Conflict skits Slogan/Themes/Posters Mission Statements & Common Goals
    16. 16. Balloon Train Have twice as many balloons as you have players Set up a slalom course using 4-6 cones and obstacles Zig-Zag the cones 5-10 yards away from each other Players line up in straight single file line with inflated balloon between their navel and the teammates back who is in front of them Walk through the course together as a team w/o busting balloons Afterwards, have each player share one thought on the activity. Activity requires working closely together to achieve a common goal
    17. 17. Strung Together Have a large ball of string Team members sit down in a big circle Hand the ball of string to one player and have her hold one end of it She tosses the ball of string to another teammate while holding the end of the string She will talk about all the things the team needs from the teammate she tossed the ball of string to in order for the team to be successful Encourage others to add to the statement That player then hangs onto part of the string then tosses the ball to another player
    18. 18. Strung together Once everyone is holding a piece of the string (including you) have players discuss their perceptions of what the activity means i.e. everyone is dependant on each other in some way because of the connections of the string Have them talk about what it means to be connected. How that relates to responsibility, accountability, and trust Have them discuss what happens if connections are cut or a person lets go of the string
    19. 19. FINAL THOUGHTS Do not try to intervene on every conceptual factor at once. Too much = overload = less cohesion Determine with your players which factors need attention for your team Remember a strategy that is effect with one team is not always effective with another TB activities should always have a purpose
    20. 20. More Final Thoughts Every activity should have an objective and end with discussion The most important part of team building activities occur after the exercise and depends upon how you relate the activity back to your team Allow each person to share their thoughts
    21. 21. Final, Final Thoughts The role of the coach/teacher is to facilitate discussion  keep it on track!  Keep it going! Focus on solutions not the problems! Any criticism should be presented constructively!
    22. 22. Final Quotes to Ponder “Talent wins games, but teamwork and intelligence win championships” (Michael Jordon) “A great collection of talent with unbalanced chemistry and inappropriate attitudes can get knocked over by teams of lesser talent” (John Wooden) “Teamwork is taught. You don’t just lump a group of people together in a room and call them a team and expect them to behave like one.” (Pat Summitt)
    23. 23. Stefanie A. Latham, Ph.D. (405-659-9770) Follow her on Twitter @stefanielatham StefanieLatham@yahoo.comStefanie has worked in and around athletics all of her life. She was a dual collegiate athlete in volleyball and track at Southern Nazarene University (1994-1997). Following her playing career she immediately began coaching volleyball as an Assistant Coach at the University of Central Oklahoma. She went on to the high school ranks establishing a winning record of 187-12 in seven short years. She was selected as the Oklahoma Coaches Association coach of the year for two years in 2001 and 2002. She directed and coached a premiere United States Volleyball Association club for five years with teams advancing to nationals every year. Stefanie left the world of coaching in 2003 to finish her Ph.D. in Sport Psychology. She served as the Chairwoman and Professor of Sport Science at Oklahoma City University for five years. She currently consults privately with individual athletes /teams and does research analysis for the BBN Network. She has also contributed to the peak performance of numerous winning teams across a variety of sports at the collegiate and high school levels including Oklahoma State University, University of Central Oklahoma, West Texas A&M University, and Oklahoma City University. Stefanie is a frequent and popular motivational speaker at many schools, workshops, and professional conferences across the country. As a result of her work and experience with elite athletes and teams, Stefanie has authored and co-authored