Innovation, technology, inclusion 2

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New policies and new strategies for the usage of technology in the migrants social inclusion

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Innovation, technology, inclusion 2

  1. 1. Innovation, technology, inclusion<br />S.LaricciaSapienzaUniversità di Roma – DigilabCentre<br />stefano.lariccia@uniroma1.it<br />Social development, economicrecovery, demography and migration: howthosethings are relatedtoeachother?<br />The Open Knowledge society as a newmodelfor the future Union<br />
  2. 2. 1970<br />1980<br />1990<br />2000<br />2010<br />Innovation and Open Knowledge<br /><ul><li>Since 30 years now, and mostly thanks to Internet, to the</li></ul>WorldWideWeb and to like Linux, OpenOffice, <br />Open structures are the common basis for creativity innovation and knowledge development (Lessig,2001)<br />Open Source communities , <br />.<br />Apache, Ploneis growing the belief that..<br />
  3. 3. 2000<br />2010<br />2020<br />2030<br />2040<br />Commons and anticommons: twomodelofresourcesdistribution<br />Lawrence Lessig (“The future of ideas”, 2001) wrote of the fear that the last 3 decades of the biggest<br />“customized” and no more “free”<br />Many economist have theorized the model of the Open Source production:<br />the tragedy of the commons, the tragedy of the anticommons (Michael Heller, 1998)<br />Open Marketplace for ideas, the Internet, would eventually became<br />
  4. 4. 1<br />Commons and anticommons: two model of resource distribution<br /><ul><li>The anticommons tragedy is hitting today in the 3. World country when people die when patented and tested medicine are not produced from many reluctant producers, eager to produce only when economic benefit is valuable
  5. 5. Exploitation of patent should not interferewith ethic issues: when lives are in danger the ethic choice should prevail over the pure economic reasoning</li></ul>Open <br />Knowledge<br />Open <br />Society<br />Open<br />Technology<br />
  6. 6. 2<br />Technology as shared methods<br /><ul><li> We can share goodies and we can share technologies to produce goodies
  7. 7. The second opportunity is always better for the receiving partner. He can have not only a one-time enrichment, but a real, everlasting, way to be equally fit than you are to produce goodies and richness
  8. 8. Last wave technology in western countries is named “Information and Communication Technology”:
  9. 9. we find Digital based ICT in so many fields today:
  10. 10. culture sharing, knowledge building, training, social empowerment
  11. 11. bio-science, bio-genetic, environmental engineering, medicine
  12. 12. food industry, agriculture, building construction, transportations</li></ul>Technology is the more efficient way to distribute resources<br />2.1<br />
  13. 13. 2<br />Technology as shared methods<br /><ul><li> We have to share technology and the social identity of our European Union
  14. 14. European Union is born on the basis of a bottom –up process where countries, people, individuals adhere to a convenient model of life and to a appealing model of society,
  15. 15. to face the global defy with eastern countries, with the pacific shore, we have to enforce our model, the Open Knowledge society
  16. 16. we have to apply this model to european citizens of today as well as to future potential european citizens
  17. 17. because there is no economic growth without demographic growth
  18. 18. there is no economic recovery without demographic recovery </li></ul>Technology as well as knowledge and technology share is at the basis of the European Union model of development<br />2.2<br />
  19. 19. 2<br />Technology as shared methods<br /><ul><li> In our country even native citizens suffer from a deprivation of equally distributed information access (digital divide; family oriented niches, privileged ages)
  20. 20. this is even more true for incoming migrants: they have to fight for their rights to access information
  21. 21. but an Open Society will be more equal for today citizens as well as for citizens of tomorrow
  22. 22. a Society where each group, regardless from their ethnic, cultural, religious profile is equally able to access the information it needs, is a better society, a healthier society and a more powerful and growth increasing society</li></ul>Technology as transparent and trustful social negotiation protocol<br />2.3<br />
  23. 23. 3<br />Society and embeddedtechnology<br /><ul><li> Technologies have a big impact on our lives: but often we aren’t able to value the deepness of this impact
  24. 24. and we are similarly unable to evaluate how much certain technologies are un-equally distributed
  25. 25. we should care to appreciate when technologies are used to lower the differences between different social groups, and we should encourage the development and the usage of technologies for a fairy access to knowledge and social inclusion </li></ul>Technology is so embodied, so transparently interlaced in our society that we are often unaware of it and unable to analyze whether it’s equally accessible to everyone<br />3.1<br />
  26. 26. 3<br />Technologies as immaterial value …<br /><ul><li> Technologies are not part of a “virtual world” accessible only to rich people with time to spend in creativity and entertainment
  27. 27. Technologies are on the contrary becoming more and more part of our basic needs. To exclude someone from our technological way of life is (ant it’s been always in the past) to exclude he or she from our world.
  28. 28. Technologies (and the multi-layered levels of different technologies that we are using since millennia) are like the iron skeleton of our lives. To exclude someone from the access to our technologies is very close to consider him/her a second level human, a sort of slave or like a “libertum” in the Roman Empire.</li></ul>Technologies as immaterial value, that are not eligible nor requested for migrants (who demand only basic needs, like food, water and manual work)<br />3.1<br />
  29. 29. 3<br />Technologies as immaterial value …<br /><ul><li> the idea that training supported by ICT shouldn’t be adopted where migrants are involved, because:</li></ul>migrants are not a valuable market<br />migrants are not adapt to learn trough technologies, they are probably technology illiterate<br />migrants do have basic needs, not so sophisticated needs <br /><ul><li> these ideas and these arguments should be overturned: </li></ul>how can we transform migrants in a valuable market?<br />how can adapt technologies to migrants, in order to train them to became technology literate?<br />how we could transform basic needs of migrants in the same needs we have? <br />Technologies as immaterial value, that are not eligible nor requested for migrants (who demand only basic needs, like food, water and manual work)<br />3.2<br />
  30. 30. 4<br />Migrations, globalization and contemporary nomadic behavior <br /><ul><li> moving is easer and accessible</li></ul>migrants workers are not a unique case of increasing willingness to move<br />refugee are of course a particular case: they are 10% of the total number<br />migrants have much more prior needs <br /><ul><li> it can be a good idea to approach the majority of migrants as individuals more likely to move and to discover new life conditions? </li></ul>we could more easily adopt a peer to peer attitude<br />we could better create an empathy with many persons who feel what we feel day by day: there could be a better way and a better place to live in this world?<br />Migration fluxes are originated by many different motivation, more or less dramatic. But we’d commit a mistake to approach every migrants as a person forced to move<br />4.1<br />
  31. 31. 5<br />Global economic crisis and migrations<br />Europe and the United States had often inherited many benefits from economic growth in the pre-2008 era. One of those consequences, especially for those countries on the border or across the sea from developing nations is legal and illegal migration into their economies. Due to the recent economic troubles a lack of work has prevailed and often manual labour jobs have dwindled, leaving legal and illegal migrants with few options for employment. Signs of “reverse migration” back towards their countries of origin took hold with many illegal migrants living in the United States eight to nine months ago. <br />Now with unemployment rates pushing 20 percent in many European countries, many immigrants in European countries are making their way back to their hometowns.<br />Returning home?<br />5.1<br />
  32. 32. 5<br />Global economic crisis and migrations<br />It is not impossible to foreseen and to actively produce a change in the way on which people from Africa, East Asia, Middle – East will project to migrate in Europe. <br />The global crisis could help in this. By letting non-european citizen knows that Europe is not a fortress, but it is much more an open society, where the labour market flows dynamically with the rest of world economy, we can try to change the way on which non-european people look at Europe.<br />Intergovernmental agreement should be prepared to plan immigrants fluxes and to prepare immigrants with the skill the labor market ask for.<br />A different migrations for the future waves?<br />5.2<br />
  33. 33. 5<br />Global economic crisis and migrations<br />Technology and Information Technology here can became even more important. <br />From Europe, trough Internet and the Web, we could reach people in Africa, east Asia, middle-east and give those people an interactive way to learn languages, to project their search for a better job and life.<br />Intergovernmental agreement should be planned in the field of education (higher education, as well as adult education) to attract the potential immigrants and to prepare them with the knowledge and the skills our society definitely needs.<br />A different migrations for the future waves?<br />5.3<br />
  34. 34. 6<br />References<br />Negroponte, Nicholas. “Being Digital”<br />Lessig, Lawrence, “Future of ideas”<br />Bauman, Zygmunt “Liquid society”<br />Rifkin, Jeremy “The age of empathy” <br />Bibliographic references<br />5.3<br />
  35. 35. 3<br />Web Semantico e “intelligence” per le comunità della scienza<br />
  36. 36. 3<br />Web Semantico e “intelligence” per le comunità della scienza<br />“intelligence” amministrativa per il mondo universitario: verso l’università digitale<br />3.1<br />
  37. 37. Web 2.0, Semantic Web e Web Science<br />The Web 2.0 <br />Semantic Web<br /><ul><li>Itallowsmanyauthorstoeaselyexchangecontens on Blogs, on Social Networks, on speciallyconceivedwebsite.
  38. 38. Itgeneratedhundredofmillionsofself-madecommunicator.
  39. 39. Teachersandeducatorsare in thegame.
  40. 40. Some LCMS frameworkallowstoexploitthis
  41. 41. It will makepossibletousethewhole Web as a hugestructuredKnowledge Base.
  42. 42. It will changeagainourwaytousethe web.
  43. 43. Educational applicationare on theway.</li></li></ul><li>Day 1: A moredetailedview on theEurodidawebprogramme<br />1<br />Day 2: Howresearch, education and the WorldWideWeb are increasingly interconnected with each other<br />2<br />Day 3: e-learning: an introduction to LMS Moodle<br />3<br />Day 4: From e-learning to web-enhanced learning<br />4<br />Day 5: Web 2.0, Semantic Web and web-learning<br />5<br />Conclusion<br />6<br />Objectivesandexpectations<br />7<br />Evaluation<br />8<br />
  44. 44. Day 1: Exchanging contextual information, reception <br />Sharing information between participants<br />1<br />2<br />Presentation of Sapienza University and Medialab Centre<br />A more detailed view on program and calendar<br />3<br />A visit in the new location of the Medialab<br />4<br />Registration and Administrative duty<br />5<br />
  45. 45. Day 1: Exchanging contextual information <br />Sharing information between participants<br />1<br />2<br />Presentation of Sapienza University and Medialab Centre<br />A more detailed view on program and calendar<br />3<br />A visit in the new location of the Medialab<br />4<br />Registration and Administrative duty<br />5<br />
  46. 46. Sapienza University<br /><ul><li>The University of Rome "La Sapienza“ was founded on April 20th, 1303 through an edict ("Bolla") by Pope Boniface the VIIIth.
  47. 47. According to the Academic Ranking of World Universities published by the Institute of Higher Education of Shanghai Jiao Tong University,
  48. 48. Sapienza University of Rome ranks among top 30 european universities and as one of the best Italian Universities, together with the Universities of Milan, Pisa and Bologna...</li></li></ul><li>Institutional mapping<br />Sapienza University<br /><ul><li>The University of Rome "La Sapienza" has a very specific birth certificate since it was founded on April 20th, 1303 through an edict ("Bolla") by Pope Boniface the VIIIth. </li></ul>LIDS <br /><ul><li>Laboratory forInformaticsDidacticsand Science.</li></ul>DigilabCentre<br /><ul><li>Digilabisstartingnowas a Centrefor New Media</li></li></ul><li>DigilabCentreSapienza<br />2: Research on new methods of Web-learning, especially for Humanities<br />Digilabisconstituted in April 2009 with 4 tasks:<br />1: digitalizationofbooksownedbySapienzaand Padua University<br />BooksDitalization<br />Web-learning<br />SAP: Contonous Learning<br />Media for Science<br />4: advanced services of communication for research and science<br />3: Service of certification and Continous Learning for the national Administration<br />
  49. 49. Meeting Agenda / Summary<br />?<br />Do You Have Any Questions?<br />?<br />?<br />

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