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Ddemap   2 Ddemap 2 Presentation Transcript

  • DDEMAPDigital Document Editing ManagementProgramming1- Le definizioni "operative" di documento:W3C XML, TEI, Oasis OpenDoc
  • Mappa del corso• Introduzione e presentazione del corso• Il primo appuntamento verrà dedicato ad una introduzione alla materia trattata nel corso:• Parte teorica:• Il concetto di Documento, il concetto di Documento Digitale la sua costante evoluzione negli anni (1970 -> 1990, 1990 -> 2010)• Le definizioni "operative" di documento: W3C XML, TEI, Oasis OpenDoc• Il documento come Progetto• Il documento come Articolazione• Il documento come Rappresentazione personale di conoscenze• Il documento come Rappresentazione collettiva di conoscenze• Strumenti "computer based" per la gestione del documento e dei corpus documentali• Laboratorio:• Introduzione alluso degli strumenti "webcloud" • Web 2.0 e lIdentità perduta; Lastpass • Web 3.0 Semantic Web • Strumenti di collaborazione: Google Writely • Web Calendars • Plone@comphumanities
  • Lista dei partecipantiNome cognome email Cognome Nome email CdSpablomagic13@libero.it pablomagic13@libero.it E&Svittoriaarpaia@libero.it Arpaia Vittoria vittoriaarpaia@libero.itnicola Carofiglio <nkl-@hotmail.it> Carofiglio Nicola nkl-@hotmail.itMariaelena Casaretti Casaretti Mariaelena mariaelena.casaretti@libero.itClaudio Cordoni Cordoni Claudio brando_cla@hotmail.comAmelia Cosimo Cosimo Amelia <amelia.cosimo@hotmail.com>Muriel Della Valle <murieldellavalle@gmail.com> Della Valle Muriel murieldellavalle@gmail.compeppedima88@virgilio.it Di Martino Giuseppe peppedima88@virgilio.it E&SDonini, Andrea (donini85@yahoo.it) Donini, Andrea donini85@yahoo.itgiulia.foto@tiscali.it Foto Giulia giulia.foto@tiscali.itBianca Francavilla Francavilla Bianca bianca_1990@hotmail.itMaria Laura Franco Franco Maria Laura marialaurafranco@hotmail.it SSAB, matricola 1549147martina giannetti Giannetti Martina atimetobesosmall@hotmail.it SSABPaolo Gresta Gresta paolo.gresta@gmail.comFrancesca Ielpo Ielpo Francesca francielpo@tiscali.itBenedetta Izzo Izzo Benedetta benedetta.izzo88@libero.itRiccarda Leoni Leoni Riccarda Riccarda Leoni <riccarda.leoni@gmail.com>Annalisa Liberatori Liberatori Annalisa annalisaliberatori@gmail.comLaura Mammana Mammana Laura mammana.laura@gmail.comPatrizia Mancini Mancini Patrizia shortmanconsultants@shortman.itDelia Miceli Miceli Delia deliamiceli@hotmail.italessandra.moffa@libero.it Moffa Alessandra alessandra.moffa@libero.itSilvia Monteferri Monteferri Silvia silvia.monteferri@yahoo.itGiulio Olesen Olesen Giulio giulioolesen@hotmail.comOrifici, Salvatore (orifici.salvatore@virgilio.it) Orifici Salvatore orifici.salvatore@virgilio.itMarta Panicucci Panicucci Marta m.panicucci17@gmail.comPapa, Rudi (goldenboy501@gmail.com) Papa Rudi goldenboy501@gmail.comSara Parisi Parisi Sara sara88147@hotmail.itCecilia Parola Parola Cecilia cecilia.parola@gmail.commariachiara pierbattista Pierbattista Mariachiara emsi888@hotmail.itPietrangeli, Marco (marco.pietrangeli@msn.com) Pietrangeli, Marco marco.pietrangeli@msn.comChiara Rappa Rappa Chiara rappa.1493679@studenti.uniroma1.itelena ribichini Ribichini Elena mende88@hotmail.it SSAB 1195398Monica Romano Romano Monica romanom036@gmail.com,sparrow88@libero.it Sciarretta Laura sparrow88@libero.it A&SpSilvestri, Sara (sasil.87@libero.it) Silvestri Sara sasil.87@libero.itMarco Stefanelli Stefanelli Marco marste90@hotmail.comt.tercovich@alice.it Tercovich t.tercovich@alice.itMartina Tini <tinimartina.tr@gmail.com> Tini Martina tinimartina.tr@gmail.comantonio tumminaro Tumminaro Antonio antoniotumminaro@hotmail.itValeria Anna Uccelli Uccelli Valeria Anna valeria.uccelli@hotmail.itValeria Vanesio Vanesio Valeria blackeagle89vv@hotmail.it
  • Risorse del corso – risorse web• Comphumanities: • http://www.comphumanities.org• Elearning Sapienza • http://elearning2.uniroma1.it• Editoria e Scrittura • http://editoriaescrittura.eu
  • Risorse del corso – software tools diriferimento• OpenOffice / LibreOffice • http://libreoffice.org ; http://openoffice.org• Microsoft Office • http://office.microsoft.com• NLTK • http://nltk.org
  • OpenOffice / LibreOffice• OpenOffice / LibreOffice: quali sono le differenze? • http://libreoffice.org ; http://openoffice.org• Quali sono le differenze tra LibreOffice, Apache OpenOffice, Oracle Open Office? Michael Meeks – che lavora su GNOME per SuSE – ha riassunto le caratteristiche dei derivati di OpenOffice.org in quella che chiameremmo un’infografica. Certo la versione 3.4 della suite di Apache non è ancora stata rilasciata, ma il confronto è valido.• Meeks ritiene, come altri utenti, che i progetti – a eccezione della suite proprietaria di Oracle – dovrebbero riunirsi, ovviamente sotto The Document Foundation. Un’auto-contraddizione, perché l’unica possibilità (ammesso che sia credibile) sarebbe creare una fondazione ex novo da LibreOffice e Apache OpenOffice. Molto improbabile.• Soprattutto considerando che IBM ha donato il codice sorgente di Lotus Symphony ad Apache, proprio per contribuire alla ―rinascita‖ di OpenOffice. LibreOffice resterebbe tagliato fuori dall’incompatibilità delle licenze: AL 2.0 rispetto a LGPLv3 e presto MPL 2.0. Meeks riconosce che agli utenti questo aspetto non interessa granché.• La questione delle licenze è primaria per chi contribuisce al codice: agli utenti importa, tutt’al più, della gratuità del prodotto. Confrontando le caratteristiche, LibreOffice include quasi tutte le funzionalità che saranno presenti in Apache OpenOffice e ha molti più filtri d’importazione — quanto ai formati di Microsoft Office.• Nonostante i 107 traduttori, rispetto ai 16 di Apache OpenOffice, LibreOffice non ha ancora un contatore delle parole per le lingue asiatiche: questa sarebbe l’unica carenza della suite di TDF — insieme al rendering via Cairo che, però, è escluso da entrambe. Al momento, la vera differenza è nella compatibilità con Microsoft Office.• Apache OpenOffice, infatti, garantirebbe soltanto l’importazione – e non l’esportazione – dei formati proprietari di Redmond. Nell’utilizzo quotidiano, è una mancanza che gli utenti avvertiranno immediatamente: purtroppo, tra istituzioni pubbliche e società private, i formati di Microsoft Office resteranno comunque imprescindibili.
  • Microsoft OfficeOpen vs OpenDocument• http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Office_Open_XML• Office Open XML• Da Wikipedia, lenciclopedia libera.• Office Open XML (comunemente abbreviato in OOXML) è un formato di file basato sul linguaggio XML per la memorizzazione di documenti informatici, come documenti di testo, fogli di calcolo, presentazioni, grafici ed altri tipi.• Il formato è stato sviluppato da Microsoft come formato di memorizzazione per i prodotti Office, ed è in seguito stato proposto come standard ISO/IEC (DIS 29500), tuttavia in una sessione di votazione tenutasi il 2 settembre 2007[1][2] non ha ottenuto voti a sufficienza per essere approvato. Nei mesi successivi è seguito un ballot resolution meeting che ha portato ad una seconda votazione, conclusasi il 29 marzo 2008, dove lOOXML è diventato standard ISO[3]. Il 15 agosto 2008, ISO[4] conferma la pubblicazione dello standard ISO/IEC DIS 29500, dopo aver respinto il ricorso di quattro paesi afferenti alla commissione di valutazione (Brasile, India, Venezuela, Sudafrica), contrari al giudizio positivo espresso durante il final ballot resolution meeting di Ginevra.• Lo standard ha definito due differenti set di specifiche: Transitional e Strict. Il primo set contiene una serie di funzionalità che sono state definite "deprecate" ed "incluse solo per retrocompatibilità", mentre il secondo è un set "più pulito", che è stato approvato allo scopo di diventare lo standard effettivo. Ma la versione beta di Microsoft Office 2010, rilasciata ad un paio di anni di distanza dallapprovazione dello standard, supporta ancora solo la variante Transitional e non la Strict.[5]•• Le estensioni dei file:• .docx per un file di testo,• .xlsx per un foglio di calcolo,• .pptx per una presentazione.• Note•• ^ Battuta darresto per lo standard Office Open XML. Toms hardware, 05-09-2007. URL consultato in data 18-02-2008.• ^ (EN) Vote closes on draft ISO/IEC DIS 29500 standard. ISO, 4 settembre 2007. URL consultato in data 2 aprile 2008.• ^ (EN) ISO/IEC DIS 29500 receives necessary votes for approval as an International Standard. ISO, 2 aprile 2008. URL consultato in data 2 aprile 2008.• ^ (EN) ISO and IEC members give go ahead on ISO/IEC DIS 29500. ISO, 15 agosto 2008. URL consultato in data 15 agosto 2008.• ^ OOXML, Microsoft ignora ISO?. 06-04-2010. URL consultato in data 07-04-2010.• Voci correlate•• OpenDocument (ODF)• XML
  • Calibre• http://http://calibre-ebook.com/about• OpenSource eBook Manager Calibre is a free and open source e-book library management application developed by users of e-books for users of e-books. It has a cornucopia of features divided into the following main categories: • Library Management • E-book conversion • Syncing to e-book reader devices • Downloading news from the web and converting it into e-book form • Comprehensive e-book viewer • Content server for online access to your book collection• Riferimenti: • Calibre Quick Start Guide • By: John Schember • Copyright © 2010, 2011, 2012 John Schember • Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
  • Calibre• http://http://calibre-ebook.com/about• OpenSource eBook Manager• calibre started life on 31 October, 2006, soon after the release of the SONY PRS-500, the first e-ink based reader to be sold commercially in the US. At the time, I was a graduate student, with a lot of time on my hands. The PRS-500 did not work at all with Linux, my operating system of choice, so I decided to reverse engineer the USB protocol that it used, to get it working on Linux. This was accomplished with the help of the fine folks over at mobileread.com and calibre was born, albeit named libprs500.• At the time there were no satisfactory tools to convert content into the LRF format, used by the SONY reader, so I decided to implement a converter to convert the most popular e-book formats to LRF. This converter proved to be wildly popular and far better than the (mostly non-existent) offerings from SONY. It was picked up and used by various publishing houses and content digitizers to produce the first generation of books in the LRF format.• As my e-book collection grew, I realized that managing it was quickly becoming unwieldy, so I decided to write a graphical interface to libprs500 to make it easier. This became calibre, in its present form, as a comprehensive e-book management tool. libprs500 was renamed to calibre in mid-2008. The name calibre was chosen by my wife, Krittika. The libre in calibre stands for freedom, indicating that calibre is a free and open source product, modifiable by all. Nonetheless, calibre should be pronounced as cali-ber, not ca-libre.• Riferimenti: • Calibre Quick Start Guide • By: John Schember • Copyright © 2010, 2011, 2012 John Schember • Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
  • Calibre• http://http://calibre-ebook.com/about• OpenSource eBook Manager• The news downloading feature, one of calibres most popular, has an interesting story behind it. I used to subscribe to Newsweek, back when it was still a real news magazine. But one fine day, Newsweek simply stopped being delivered to my house and no matter how much time I spent on the phone with various sales reps, it simply would not start again. Since Id just got my first e-book reader at the time, I decided to add the ability to download and convert websites to calibre. From the beginning, I decided to make it as modular as possible, so that other people could contribute "recipes" for different news sites. The calibre cookbook has kept on growing and now calibre has recipes for over three hundred news sources in many different languages.• Today calibre is a vibrant open-source community with half a dozen developers and many, many testers and bug reporters. It is used in over 200 countries and has been translated into a dozen different languages by volunteers. calibre has become a comprehensive tool for the management of digital texts, allowing you to do whatever you could possibly imagine with your e-book library. Reading is very important to me and one of my goals has always been to prevent either the fragmentation or the monopolization of the e- book market by entities that care solely for short-term goals. As the calibre community continues to grow, driven by book lovers, for book lovers, hopefully it will always present an alternative for people that love to read e-books and want to be in control of their own digital libraries.• Riferimenti: • Calibre Quick Start Guide • By: John Schember • Copyright © 2010, 2011, 2012 John Schember • Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
  • Calibre• http://http://calibre-ebook.com/about• OpenSource eBook Manager• calibre is an open source application that uses a large number of other open source libraries and is developed on Linux, an open source platform, and as such, it has benefited from the work of large numbers of people, some of whom are listed below. Ive tried to be as exhaustive as possible, but, if I have omitted your contribution, please let me know.• Contributors of code/bug fixes• In no particular order: • Marshall Vandegrift: For epub2lrf, lit2oeb, oeb2mobi and various improvements in the html2lrf code, as well as the basic framework for the conversion pipeline in the 0.6.x series • John Schember: For the new calibre device driver framework, various GUI enhancements and several input and output format plugins and the "Get Books" feature • Charles Haley: For custom columns, saved searches, restrictions, the wireless device driver, lots of other help/ideas • Gregory Riker: For MOBI indexing, catalogs, the iPad driver • Roger Critchlow: For the initial implementation of lrs2lrf • Anatoly Shipitsin: For fb2lrf and fb2-meta • Ori Avtalion and WayneD for various bug fixes • Tijmen Ruizendaal for the Be Book driver • Igor Skochinsky (for various bits of reverse engineering without which calibre would never have gotten off the ground) • Darko Miletic: For a large number of news recipes • Grant Drake: For various plugins including Open with, search the internet and goodreads integration • Timothy Legge and David Forrester: For Kobo support in calibre • Graphics and design • Nicholas Holland and the guys at Centresource for the website design • diaboNL for the reader icon • Caleb Avery and Kamil Tatara for the calibre logo • The Oxygen project and Kamil Tatara for various icons• Recipe writers• Too many people have contributed recipes to list here, but their contributions are a big part of calibre.• Translators• The list of translators is available here• Riferimenti: • Calibre Quick Start Guide • By: John Schember • Copyright © 2010, 2011, 2012 John Schember • Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
  • Calibre• http://http://calibre-ebook.com/about• OpenSource eBook Manager• Other projects whose code/libraries calibre uses/links against • Python • Qt • PyQt • rtf2xml • poppler • feedparser • pylrs • BeautifulSoup • mechanize • pictureflow • lxml • cssselect • Hyphenator • sqlite • chardet • podofo • imagemagick • libmtp • Python Imaging Library • Sphinx • django • odfpy • cssutils • bzr • ICU • CherryPy • python routes • dateutil • dnspython • pywin32 • python-dbus • QtCurve• The Launchpad, Google Code and Sourceforge.net services for providing file and code hosting for calibre releases.• Last, but not least Id like to thank the folks at mobileread.com for creating a wonderful community for us e-book lovers to gather round.• Riferimenti: • Calibre Quick Start Guide • By: John Schember • Copyright © 2010, 2011, 2012 John Schember • Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
  • Calibre • http://http://calibre-ebook.com/about • OpenSource eBook Manager • Download Statistics:Apr, 2013: 199,906 • Riferimenti:Mar, 2013: • Calibre Quick Start Guide 631,484 • By: John SchemberFeb, 2013: 618,111 •Jan, 2013: Copyright © 2010, 2011, 2012 John Schember 823,911 • Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.Dec, 2012: 782,005Nov, 2012: 605,682Oct, 2012: 609,457Sep, 2012: 572,078Aug, 2012: 604,154Jul, 2012: 422,231Jun, 2012: 521,535May, 2012: 523,947
  • Installs by country (235 countries, top 30 shown):Calibre United States: 21.20% Spain: 11.08%• http://http://calibre-ebook.com/about Germany: 8.32%• OpenSource eBook Manager United Kingdom: 7.27% Installs by country (235 countries, top 20 Canada: 4.60% shown): Italy: 4.46% Russian Federation: 3.85% Netherlands: 3.28% Australia: 2.80% France: 2.65%• Riferimenti: China: 2.53% • Calibre Quick Start Guide Brazil: 1.89% • By: John Schember Poland: 1.64% • Copyright © 2010, 2011, 2012 John Schember Ukraine: 1.47% • Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- India: 1.21% ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Mexico: 1.04% Czech Republic: 0.98%• Press Viet Nam: 0.97% • http://calibre-ebook.com/about#press Hungary: 0.81% Korea, Republic of: 0.81% Austria: 0.77%
  • Bibliografia del corso• Monografie consigliate: • OpenDocument • J. David Eisenberg, OASIS OpenDocument Essentials Using OASIS OpenDocument XML • eBook • John Schember, Calibre Quick Start Guide• Vedi aggiornamenti anche in: Comphumanities: • http://www.comphumanities.org/didattica-2012-2013/materiali- didattici• Elearning Sapienza • http://elearning2.uniroma1.it• Editoria e Scrittura • http://editoriaescrittura.eu