Augustine: God’s Theologian and Philosopher
Timeline 300 – 500 A.D. 300 A.D . 400 A.D . 500 A.D. 350 A.D . 450 A.D . Conversion of Constantine   Council of Nicea Atha...
Augustine & Jerome
Augustine <ul><li>Born Aurelius Augustinus in Tagaste near Hippo, North Africa (modern day Algeria) in 354 </li></ul><ul><...
North Africa Hippo Regius Carthage Thagaste
Augustine’s Conversion <ul><li>Augustine hears a child apparently playing a game in a garden. </li></ul><ul><li>The child’...
Augustine’s Conversion <ul><li>The passage that Augustine turns to is Romans 13:13, 14 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Let us walk pro...
Augustine’s Mother <ul><li>Monica is most remembered for her prayers for Augustine. </li></ul><ul><li>She was however, som...
Augustine <ul><li>Augustine would have been happy with the monastic life. </li></ul><ul><li>However, his reputation as bei...
Augustine <ul><li>Wrote over 100 books, 200 letters and 400 sermons </li></ul><ul><li>Confessions (397-401 AD) </li></ul><...
Death of Augustine <ul><li>In the summer of 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa and met little resistance. The citizenry...
 
* - Eph. 2:1-10
 
 
Augustine – The Will <ul><li>Augustine taught that due to the fall, man was unable to save himself.  It was totally of God...
 
 
Lessons for Today <ul><li>Augustine  demonstrated tremendous  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual Discipline </li></ul></ul><u...
References-by Augustine  <ul><li>Henry Bettenson, trans.,  The City of God . 1972. Reprint. Harmondworth: Penguin Books, 1...
References-About Augustine <ul><li>Gerald Bonner.  St. Augustine of Hippo: Life and Controversies . Revised edition. Norwi...
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Augustine

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Augustine

  1. 1. Augustine: God’s Theologian and Philosopher
  2. 2. Timeline 300 – 500 A.D. 300 A.D . 400 A.D . 500 A.D. 350 A.D . 450 A.D . Conversion of Constantine Council of Nicea Athanasius Jerome completes Vulgate Conversion of Augustine Ambrose Bishop of Milan Chrysostom -Bishop of Constantinople Patrick Missionary to Ireland Council of Chalcedon Jerome Augustine
  3. 3. Augustine & Jerome
  4. 4. Augustine <ul><li>Born Aurelius Augustinus in Tagaste near Hippo, North Africa (modern day Algeria) in 354 </li></ul><ul><li>Born to a Christian mother and pagan father </li></ul><ul><li>Studied in Carthage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Originally saw Christianity as religion for the simple-minded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surrounded by “cauldron of unholy loves” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Took on a concubine while in teens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spent 71 of his 75 years in North Africa </li></ul><ul><li>383 – Moved to Italy (Rome and Milan) for four years where Ambrose was Bishop of Milan </li></ul>Oldest surviving image of Augustine, from the 6th century.
  5. 5. North Africa Hippo Regius Carthage Thagaste
  6. 6. Augustine’s Conversion <ul><li>Augustine hears a child apparently playing a game in a garden. </li></ul><ul><li>The child’s voice says “Tolle Lege” which means “Take up and read.” </li></ul><ul><li>Augustine takes up the bible and allows it to open on its own. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Augustine’s Conversion <ul><li>The passage that Augustine turns to is Romans 13:13, 14 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Let us walk properly, as in the day, not in revelry and drunkenness, not in lewdness and lust, not in strife and envy. ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill its lusts. ” (Romans 13:14, NKJV) </li></ul><ul><li>This convicted Augustine of his sexual addiction. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Augustine’s Mother <ul><li>Monica is most remembered for her prayers for Augustine. </li></ul><ul><li>She was however, somewhat overbearing. </li></ul><ul><li>She insisted that Augustine leave his concubine, with whom he had been living for 10 years and had a son. </li></ul><ul><li>Augustine never mentions the name of this love. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Augustine <ul><li>Augustine would have been happy with the monastic life. </li></ul><ul><li>However, his reputation as being a brilliant Christian spread. </li></ul><ul><li>391 - ordained as a priest </li></ul><ul><li>395 - bishop of Hippo </li></ul><ul><li>He was involved in nearly every controversy of his time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Donatists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pelagianism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prolific writer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100’s of treatises, letters, commentaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the Trinity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City of God </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Augustine <ul><li>Wrote over 100 books, 200 letters and 400 sermons </li></ul><ul><li>Confessions (397-401 AD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual autobiography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Our hearts are restless until they rest in You.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>City of God (416 AD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Response to the fall of Rome to Visgoths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God’s work in history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ City of Man” vs. “City of God” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>On the Trinity </li></ul><ul><li>On the Psalms </li></ul>
  11. 11. Death of Augustine <ul><li>In the summer of 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa and met little resistance. The citizenry fled before them. many to the fortified city of Hippo. There Augustine comforted and cared for the influx of refugees. </li></ul><ul><li>In the third month of the Vandals’ siege of Hippo, Augustine caught a sudden fever. For 10 days the 76-year-old bishop fought it. Then he died. </li></ul>
  12. 13. * - Eph. 2:1-10
  13. 16. Augustine – The Will <ul><li>Augustine taught that due to the fall, man was unable to save himself. It was totally of God’s grace. </li></ul><ul><li>Pelagianism – Man contributes to his own salvation. </li></ul>
  14. 19. Lessons for Today <ul><li>Augustine demonstrated tremendous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual Discipline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedication to God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Holiness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Augustine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even after mind is convinced, the heart must be converted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prayers of a mother </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free will vs. Predestination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The role of the Church </li></ul></ul>
  15. 20. References-by Augustine <ul><li>Henry Bettenson, trans., The City of God . 1972. Reprint. Harmondworth: Penguin Books, 1984. </li></ul><ul><li>E.M. Blaiklock, trans., Confessions . London: Haddon and St. Brighton, 1983. </li></ul><ul><li>J.H.S. Burleigh, editor, Earlier Writings . Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1953. </li></ul><ul><li>John Burnaby, editor, Later Works . Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1953. </li></ul><ul><li>Selected Writings . New York: Paulist Press, 1984. </li></ul>
  16. 21. References-About Augustine <ul><li>Gerald Bonner. St. Augustine of Hippo: Life and Controversies . Revised edition. Norwich: Canterbury Press, 1986. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Brown. Augustine of Hippo . Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Chadwick. Augustine . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986. </li></ul><ul><li>Trever Rowe. St. Augustine: Pastoral Theologian . London: Epworth Press, 1974. </li></ul><ul><li>Warren Thomas Smith. Augustine: His Life and Thought . Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1980. </li></ul>
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