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Using Riddle Poems
To Teach Poetic Elements
Hank Maine
RIWP Summer Institute
July 19, 2004
K W L
What do you Know about
poetry?
What would you like to
learn?
What did you Learn from
The lesson?
The purpose of the lesson is
to teach poetic elements so
students can identify them
in their reading and utilize
them in t...
Standards and GLEs
 E1c-student reads
informational materials to
develop expertise and
produces written ororal work
that ...
What is a Riddle Poem?
I like to feel it Firmand cool-
And Round beneath my feet
It’s one of hundreds shouldering
A long-e...
What amI?
Writing a
Riddle Poem
Getting Started
 Choose an answer
 Brainstorm
 Use a thesaurus
 Think like the object
 Use figurative language
Step 1: Begin with your
answerortopic
Your topic can be
concrete like a desk, a
car, or even a person.
You can also choose...
Step 2: Brainstorm
Create a list of words and ideas related to and
associated with yourtopic.
Thinkwith all yoursenses: wh...
Also thinkof words or
ideas that are opposite or
opposed to yourtopic
Example: Water
Earth, fire, dry, air
Choose some words you
brainstormed and look up
their synonyms in a
thesaurus. Look up synonyms
for your topic too
Use a rh...
Thinklike the object: Try describing the
world from the object’s point of view.
What do you see, hear, feel? What do you
d...
Try using figurative language:
Describe yourtopic using figurative
language to give clues
Simile: Pools that reflect like
...
Drafting
Once you’ve gathered
yournotes, you’re ready
to begin a draft.
How should we
Start?
Let’s start with the ideas of water
cutting canyons and reflecting
like a mirror
I amlike a mirrorwhen I’m
still
I amstron...
Sounds good but bland. Try
playing with the word order
Still, I am like a mirror
Fast, I’m stronger than
stone
Now use yourbrainstormto add
different poetic elements like
personification, metaphors, and
maybe even rhyme
Try different...
Publishing YourFinal Draft
Publish yourpoemin a creative way
Use form and shape the poemlike its
topic
Use a creative b...
Have students generate a rubric
forthe assignment. Include an
explanation of the poetic elements
in theirpoems and how the...
Thoughts and Questions
 Should students workindependently orin
groups?
 What are some otherfollow-up activities?
 How s...
Bibliography
 
 
Feldman, Ruth Tenzer. “Guess What”
Cobblestone, March 1995, 24-25
 
Claggett, Fran, Louann Reid and Ruth ...
Thank You!
The End
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  1. 1. Using Riddle Poems To Teach Poetic Elements Hank Maine RIWP Summer Institute July 19, 2004
  2. 2. K W L What do you Know about poetry? What would you like to learn? What did you Learn from The lesson?
  3. 3. The purpose of the lesson is to teach poetic elements so students can identify them in their reading and utilize them in their writing. Why are we learning this?
  4. 4. Standards and GLEs  E1c-student reads informational materials to develop expertise and produces written ororal work that reflects these points.  E3b-student participates in group meetings  E3c-student prepares and delivers an individual presentation  E5b-student produces workin at least one literary genre that follows the conventions of the genre  NEGLE W1-student applies understanding of the structures of language in a particulargenre of writing  NEGLE W2, W3-student writes in response to literary or informational text  NEGLE W9-student applies conventions of a particulargenre of writing  NEGLE R1-student uses word identification skills and strategies  NEGLE R2, R3, R4, R7-student applies vocabulary strategies and understanding of literary and informational text
  5. 5. What is a Riddle Poem? I like to feel it Firmand cool- And Round beneath my feet It’s one of hundreds shouldering A long-enduring street. I like to muse who felt it first- And why They trod, and when, To fit in patterns-edge to edge- The paths fromNow to Then. Ruth TenzerFeldman Cobblestone
  6. 6. What amI? Writing a Riddle Poem
  7. 7. Getting Started  Choose an answer  Brainstorm  Use a thesaurus  Think like the object  Use figurative language
  8. 8. Step 1: Begin with your answerortopic Your topic can be concrete like a desk, a car, or even a person. You can also choose something abstract like happiness or peace
  9. 9. Step 2: Brainstorm Create a list of words and ideas related to and associated with yourtopic. Thinkwith all yoursenses: where do you see, hear, smell, taste and touch things related to yourtopic? Example: water Clouds, wet, rain, liquid, fish, stream, river, lake, pool, pond, swimming, ocean, ice, glacier, steam, snow, boats, sailing
  10. 10. Also thinkof words or ideas that are opposite or opposed to yourtopic Example: Water Earth, fire, dry, air
  11. 11. Choose some words you brainstormed and look up their synonyms in a thesaurus. Look up synonyms for your topic too Use a rhyming dictionary to look up words that rhyme with the ones in yourlist
  12. 12. Thinklike the object: Try describing the world from the object’s point of view. What do you see, hear, feel? What do you do? What do you like? What would a riverthink? I run downhill I make canyons Fish live in me
  13. 13. Try using figurative language: Describe yourtopic using figurative language to give clues Simile: Pools that reflect like mirrors Metaphor: Streams are fish roads Personification: The rain played a steady beat
  14. 14. Drafting Once you’ve gathered yournotes, you’re ready to begin a draft. How should we Start?
  15. 15. Let’s start with the ideas of water cutting canyons and reflecting like a mirror I amlike a mirrorwhen I’m still I amstrongerthan stone when I move
  16. 16. Sounds good but bland. Try playing with the word order Still, I am like a mirror Fast, I’m stronger than stone
  17. 17. Now use yourbrainstormto add different poetic elements like personification, metaphors, and maybe even rhyme Try different line and word combinations. Sometimes even the slightest change can make a big difference. Read yourpoem aloud and play with the words and orderuntil it makes sense and sounds right.
  18. 18. Publishing YourFinal Draft Publish yourpoemin a creative way Use form and shape the poemlike its topic Use a creative background that doubles as a clue Draw a picture to go with yourpoem Make an audio recording of yourpoem
  19. 19. Have students generate a rubric forthe assignment. Include an explanation of the poetic elements in theirpoems and how they used them Have a poetry reading and invite parents, administrators, otherclasses and outside guests. Have the audience try to guess the riddle. Display the poems in yourclassroomand school building
  20. 20. Thoughts and Questions  Should students workindependently orin groups?  What are some otherfollow-up activities?  How should I differentiate the lesson for students at various levels?  How can I integrate this lesson to othersubject areas?  How can I introduce different types of poetry into the lesson?  How can I use this with different genres of literature?
  21. 21. Bibliography     Feldman, Ruth Tenzer. “Guess What” Cobblestone, March 1995, 24-25   Claggett, Fran, Louann Reid and Ruth Vinz. Daybook of critical Reading and Writing. Wilmington, Massachusetts: Great Source Education Group, 1999   Writing Riddle Poems. NCTE/IRA, marcopolo. 2003; cited July, 2004 http://www.readwrtiethink.org   Zemelman, Steven and Harvey Daniels. A Community of Writers. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1988   Caravia, Lori. Riddle Poem. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, November 6, 1997; cited July, 2004 http://www.ed.uiuc.edu/YLP/97-98/97-98_units/97-98mini- unit/LCaravia   Miller, Carol Rawlings. 50 Writing Lessons That Work. New York: Scholastic Professional Books, 1999   My Students and My Collegues. Western Hills Middle School. Cranston, Rhode
  22. 22. Thank You! The End
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