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Transcript

  • 1. Eugene, Oregon
  • 2. Adams Elementary School
  • 3. Jobs Versus The Environment Saving the Northern Spotted Owl
  • 4.  
  • 5. Jobs
    • 18 th , 19 th , and 20 th centuries—timber companies, railroads, and homesteaders cleared most of the old-growth forests in the Pacific Northwest
    • After WW2, demand for northwest timber skyrocketed
  • 6. The Environment
    • Conflict from the mid-1980s through the 1990s raged over preserving the spotted owl
      • Recommended a minimum habitat of 300 acres of forest land per nest for the northern spotted owl
    • After extensive research, scientists suggested that agencies expand their owl reserves from 300 acres to 1,000 acres.
  • 7. Running out of time Many of the agencies began to understand they needed to help the owl, environmentalists thought the rate of change was taking forever
  • 8. What were activists and environmentalists doing?
    • Mainstream groups held rallies, made posters and wrote articles for magazines
    • Radical groups camped out next to trees that were going to be cut down the next day and they sat on boxes of dynamite the loggers would use.
  • 9. This is an example of a mainstream rally
  • 10. This is what the radical activists did:
  • 11. The loggers protested too!
  • 12. The Thomas Committee Report
    • The old “Hatfield-Adams” amendment wasn’t good for a long term solution
    • The new plan stopped logging on federal lands, which was 7.7 million acres of habitat, and almost half were planned to be logged
    • They knew this plan wasn’t enough for saving all owls but it was a good beginning
  • 13. Congress
    • Congress had to decide what they would do about this problem, because a lot of people weren’t happy
    • Sadly, failed to get enough support and had to wait another year before they came up with a solution
  • 14. The Crisis Continues: early 1990’s
    • Fish and Wildlife Service want to stop logging on 11.6 million acres of forest
    • Courts stop old-growth timber sales
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17. President Clinton
    • Between 1993-1995 worked on getting his Northwest Forest Plan in action
  • 18.
    • President Clinton tried to reach a compromise between loggers and environmentalists
  • 19.  
  • 20. The Timber Salvage Rider
    • In 1995 Congress pushed a bill through that allowed timber companies to log forests in order to keep them “healthy”, even though most scientists didn’t agree.
  • 21.
    • The logging was supposed to keep forests healthy by only cutting down trees that:
      • Had a disease
      • Were infested
      • Were already dead or dying
  • 22. But instead it caused…. Floods Landslides Debris in rivers
  • 23. The Bush Administration
    • The Timber Industry, and friends of the Timber Industry, showed no compassion for the Trees. Even after laws were made.
  • 24. What could be worse?
    • Bush decided that the amount of trees cut down should be doubled!
    • Bush also got rid of management and regulation of the loggers. (=No rules!)
  • 25. 200 Scientists Wrote a Letter to the President
  • 26. 200 Scientists Wrote a Letter to the President
  • 27. 200 Scientists Wrote a Letter to the President
  • 28. Even your letters can make a difference!
  • 29. Qualities of the New Laws
  • 30. These Laws…
  • 31. THANK GOODNESS! In 2005, Judge Marsha Pechman rejected the Bush administration’s new management rules for the Northwest Forest Plan!
  • 32.  
  • 33.