Ec Chapter 5 Dsni Combined

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Ec Chapter 5 Dsni Combined

  1. 1. Environmental Justice addresses environmental problems in the areas where people live Community Activism and Environmental Justice Hazards Regulations Minority Representation Housing
  2. 2. Community Activism <ul><li>Community activism through grassroots organizations is the most effective way to meet the needs of a particular area </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Deterioration of America’s urban areas began in the late 1800’s due to urban sprawl </li></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1984-1985 1996-2000 2000’s 1987 1990-1995 1986
  4. 4. <ul><li>Urban deterioration intensified During the 1960’s and 70’s as middle class white American’s fled cities in response to a wave of migration of African American’s from the south </li></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1984-1985 1996-2000 2000’s 1987 1990-1995 1986
  5. 5. <ul><li>By 1980 the Dudley St. neighborhood in Boston was a classic example of a devastated inner-city neighborhood with few prospects for renewal </li></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1984-1985 1996-2000 2000’s 1987 1990-1995 1986
  6. 6. <ul><li>By January 1985 a 23 member board was established and the Dudley Street Neighborhood Initiative (DSNI) was born </li></ul>Mission Statement “ To empower Dudley residents to organize, plan for, create, and control a vibrant, diverse, and high quality neighborhood in collaboration with community partners” Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1984-1985 1996-2000 2000’s 1987 1990-1995 1986
  7. 7. Steps in imagining and creating an urban neighborhood Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 2000’s 1986 1987 1990-1995 1984-1985
  8. 8. <ul><li>What did the DSNI envision? </li></ul>The DSNI imagined an “urban village” that would have affordable housing, community centers, gardens and green spaces Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 2000’s 1987 1990-1995 1984-1985 1986
  9. 9. <ul><li>DSNI had a big project ahead of them, but had to start off small, their first step was to clean up abandoned lots </li></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 2000’s 1990-1995 1987 1984-1985 1986
  10. 10. <ul><li>Cleaning Up: Don’t Dump on Us </li></ul><ul><li>Many people were complaining about illegal dumping on vacant lots and the city’s dismal garbage collecting and street cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>Blocks of vacant lots were full with old tires, junked furniture and rotting garbage </li></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 2000’s 1990-1995 1987 1984-1985 1986
  11. 11. <ul><li>There were many obstacles they had to overcome before they could begin the clean up </li></ul><ul><li>The city didn’t own many of the lots it had planned to work on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>owned 15% of the 30 acres of abandoned lots, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>181 parcels owned by absentee landlords. Most of them owed taxes </li></ul></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 2000’s 1987 1990-1995 1980’s 1984-1985
  12. 12. <ul><li>In 1987 , DSNI turned their attention to the illegal trash transfer centers, when public officials turned their heads. </li></ul><ul><li>They were forced to enforce a direct action campaign, in which local citizens blocked the entrances and marched to the other two sites </li></ul><ul><li>As a result of the community taking action, a team of city officials padlocked the gates of the illegal trash transfer centers </li></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 2000’s 1987 1990-1995 1984-1985 1986
  13. 13. <ul><li>1991 —DSNI established Dudley PRIDE ( P eople and R esources I nvesting in D udley’s E nvironment) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Campaign to establish neighborhood greening programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Landscape open spaces to prevent more hazardous waste from being dumped </li></ul></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 1990-1995 2000’s 1987 1984-1985 1986
  14. 14. <ul><li>1992 —discourage people from dumping oil and other toxics into storm drains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Backed by the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority </li></ul></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 1990-1995 2000’s 1987 1984-1985 1986
  15. 15. <ul><li>1992 —created the “Green Team” with the Massachusetts Horticultural Society and the Boston Natural Areas Fund </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created to hire neighborhood youths to supervise and staff two landscaping crews that worked in the area’s 4 community gardens as well as on street beautification </li></ul></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 1990-1995 2000’s 1987 1984-1985 1986
  16. 16. <ul><li>1993 —Drumlin Farm Food Project begun recruiting Dudley area youth to work on its farm in Lincoln, Massachusetts </li></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 1990-1995 2000’s 1987 1984-1985 1986
  17. 17. <ul><li>By mid-1990s DSNI developed 300 of 1,300 vacant parcels in the neighborhood </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection estimated there were at least 54 hazardous waste sites in the neighborhood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Toxic chemicals that polluted these sites included: </li></ul></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 1990-1995 2000’s 1987 1984-1985 1986
  18. 18. <ul><li>In 1994, through the Massachusetts Environmental Justice Network, the DSNI took their complaints to court </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First three cases: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Challenged trash dumping and chemical storage on 4 properties </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Involved an illegal trash transfer station abutting private homes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concerned noxious odors from a business where workers were allegedly dumping white, foamy liquids down a storm drain </li></ul></ul></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 1990-1995 2000’s 1987 1984-1985 1986
  19. 19. <ul><li>1995 —the Food Project that started in 1993 opened a farmers’ market in the Dudley area </li></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 1990-1995 2000’s 1987 1984-1985 1986
  20. 20. <ul><li>1995 —the EPA and the highway department approved to have the Massachusetts Highway Department fund a hazardous waste cleanup operation as part of a settlement for illegally disposing of hazardous waste at its equipment yards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A site was chosen close to the DSNI’s Dudley Street offices that residents had identified as an important brownfield and a prime location for a possible greenhouse or bioshelter </li></ul></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 1990-1995 2000’s 1987 1984-1985 1986
  21. 21. <ul><li>1996 —DSNI launched the Buck$ Stop Here campaign to keep money in the community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local businesses distributed frequent buyer tickets to customers, who were then entered in a raffle to win prizes at DSNI’s 1997 annual meeting </li></ul></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 1990-1995 2000’s 1987 1984-1985 1986
  22. 22. <ul><li>In 2004 , the Environmental Protection Agency administrator, John DeVillars, visited the Dudley Street Neighborhood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ No citizens anywhere face greater public health consequences from environmental neglect than those who live in our cities.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50% of the Dudley neighborhood children were at risk of lead poisoning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dudley neighborhood rate of asthma and bronchitis were five times the national average </li></ul></ul>Late 1800’s Today 1960-1970 1996-2000 1990-1995 2000’s 1987 1984-1985 1986
  23. 23. <ul><li>Within a relatively short time period, residents of the Dudley Street neighborhood were able to re-new and re-vitalize their community—a feat that was seen as impossible just 25 years earlier </li></ul>Late 1800’s 1960-1970 1996-2000 1990-1995 2000’s 1987 1984-1985 Today Brook Ave. Green house—Before and After 1986
  24. 24. <ul><li>We can implement these same strategies of community activism that the Dudley Street Neighborhood Initiative used to gain environmental justice in our own local communities, such as Arbor Hill </li></ul>Late 1800’s 1960-1970 1996-2000 1990-1995 2000’s 1987 1984-1985 Today 1986

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