A new approach to thesustainable viticulture
Topics• The scenario: challenges and opportunities• How to responde ?• The sustainable viticulture• A new approach
What challengesfor the viticulture ?
Yesterday, today,   tomorrow
yesterday              today            tomorrow
yesterday              today            tomorrow
yesterday                       today            tomorrow
The scenario of the wine sector                            Legislative                            changes  Decreasing cons...
Legislative changes                    New rules for              Sustainable use of                registering pesticides...
What do they need ?Farmers and cellars                      Healthy                      grapes                     New ar...
What do they need ?Consumers                        Health                    Protection of                      and safet...
What challenges forthe viticulture ?   • healthy grapes   • to sell wine   • profitability   • protecting health and envir...
Topics• The scenario: challenges and opportunities• How to responde ?• The sustainable viticulture• A new approach
A global approach             Agronomicto the viticulture             aspects                     Market                  ...
Topics• The scenario: challenges and opportunities• How to responde ?• The sustainable viticulture• A new approach
Look at things from differentpoints of view
Sustainable viticulture                            Health                   Environment                                   ...
Topics• The scenario: challenges and opportunities• How to responde ?• The sustainable viticulture• A new approach
A global approach to the grape’s quality                             Hail                            wounds               ...
Downy mildew
The importance of a good start  PRIMARY INFECTION                               1th SECONDARY INFECTION   2nd SECONDARY IN...
Downy mildew....at a glance          60-70 days70% of the result of the year !
The quality of grapes
The quality of grapes      Quantitative          QUALITATIVE        losses                 losses        Kg of grapes     ...
The quality of grapes     Another case of global approach:                        Botrytis
Canopy management :is it important ?
Defoliated or not: how many Botrytis?                             40                  Pinot gris defoliated at fruitset   ...
Defoliation: when ?                             35                             30   %grappoli con botrite                 ...
The role of powdery mildew Direct damage               Indirect damage                              wounds                ...
Here we see powdery mildew,           but...
… here comes !
The role of grape moth
The role of grape moth                 yesterday          Grape berry + grape moth larva                         =        ...
The role of grape moth                     today      Grape moth = BOTRYTIS2
The role of grape moth             What we already knew                    Damages from the first                     gene...
The role of grape moth                                       New discoveries                                              ...
The role of grape moth: the test                                        Larval      Larvae      Number of                 ...
The role of grape moth: the importance of pest management             100                                          Efficac...
Two possibilityto control grape moth
1. Against first generation     Andvantages: pressure reduction of grape moth
2. Against second generation           Adults flight   Eggs   Larvae
A global approach to the grape’s quality              The “final touch”:     the treatment against Botrytis
The best timingGrape touch
The challenges   • healthy grapes   • to sell wine   • profitability   • protecting health and environment
Success: a global approach                  Market                             Innovation    Know-how
Thank you for the kind attention
Marco Galli
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New approachviticolture

  1. 1. A new approach to thesustainable viticulture
  2. 2. Topics• The scenario: challenges and opportunities• How to responde ?• The sustainable viticulture• A new approach
  3. 3. What challengesfor the viticulture ?
  4. 4. Yesterday, today, tomorrow
  5. 5. yesterday today tomorrow
  6. 6. yesterday today tomorrow
  7. 7. yesterday today tomorrow
  8. 8. The scenario of the wine sector Legislative changes Decreasing consumption New marketsInternational competition New consumer sensibility Production costs
  9. 9. Legislative changes New rules for Sustainable use of registering pesticides pesticides Integrated Pest management Training Calibrating sprayers
  10. 10. What do they need ?Farmers and cellars Healthy grapes New arguments to sell Optimizing wine production costs Informations
  11. 11. What do they need ?Consumers Health Protection of and safety environment, sustainability Informations
  12. 12. What challenges forthe viticulture ? • healthy grapes • to sell wine • profitability • protecting health and environment
  13. 13. Topics• The scenario: challenges and opportunities• How to responde ?• The sustainable viticulture• A new approach
  14. 14. A global approach Agronomicto the viticulture aspects Market Pest control Social aspects (environment und health)
  15. 15. Topics• The scenario: challenges and opportunities• How to responde ?• The sustainable viticulture• A new approach
  16. 16. Look at things from differentpoints of view
  17. 17. Sustainable viticulture Health Environment Social healthy grapes reduce impact on environment and health of workers optimizing the production process and costs
  18. 18. Topics• The scenario: challenges and opportunities• How to responde ?• The sustainable viticulture• A new approach
  19. 19. A global approach to the grape’s quality Hail wounds Weather Varietal conditions susceptibility GRAPE Type of MOTH implantation POWDERY Fertilization MILDEW CANOPY MANAGEMENT
  20. 20. Downy mildew
  21. 21. The importance of a good start PRIMARY INFECTION 1th SECONDARY INFECTION 2nd SECONDARY INFECTIONSource : Natura e Agricoltura, Mattedi e Varner
  22. 22. Downy mildew....at a glance 60-70 days70% of the result of the year !
  23. 23. The quality of grapes
  24. 24. The quality of grapes Quantitative QUALITATIVE losses losses Kg of grapes Sugar content Fermentation problems Loss of color Increase in volatile acidity Instability of the wine Undesiderable flavors and smell
  25. 25. The quality of grapes Another case of global approach: Botrytis
  26. 26. Canopy management :is it important ?
  27. 27. Defoliated or not: how many Botrytis? 40 Pinot gris defoliated at fruitset 37% % grapes withj Botrytis 30 20 16% 10 0 defoliated not defoliatedSource: Edmund Mach Foundation (Italy)
  28. 28. Defoliation: when ? 35 30 %grappoli con botrite -23% -15% % grapes withj Botrytis 25 20 15 10 5 0 BLOOM FRUIT SET BERRY TOUCH not defoliated Teroldego pergolaSource: Edmund Mach Foundation (Italy)
  29. 29. The role of powdery mildew Direct damage Indirect damage wounds Botrytis Sour Rot Undesiderable flavors
  30. 30. Here we see powdery mildew, but...
  31. 31. … here comes !
  32. 32. The role of grape moth
  33. 33. The role of grape moth yesterday Grape berry + grape moth larva = door for Botrytis
  34. 34. The role of grape moth today Grape moth = BOTRYTIS2
  35. 35. The role of grape moth What we already knew Damages from the first generation of grape moth can encourage Botrytis attacks From damaged berries can start Botrytis
  36. 36. The role of grape moth New discoveries Grape moth larvae can carrie conidia of Botrytis cinerea Larvae prefer to eat grapes with BotrytisSoruce: University of Padova (Italy)
  37. 37. The role of grape moth: the test Larval Larvae Number of development mortality eggs laidDiet with (days) (%) (per female)healthygrapes 34 23 54Diet with grapes withBotrytis 23 13,5 106Source: Mondy & Corio-Costet, 2004
  38. 38. The role of grape moth: the importance of pest management 100 Efficacy against grape moth Efficacy against Botrytis and sour rot 50 0 ovicide+larvicide only larvicideSource : Institut Cooperativ du Vin (F) 2005
  39. 39. Two possibilityto control grape moth
  40. 40. 1. Against first generation Andvantages: pressure reduction of grape moth
  41. 41. 2. Against second generation Adults flight Eggs Larvae
  42. 42. A global approach to the grape’s quality The “final touch”: the treatment against Botrytis
  43. 43. The best timingGrape touch
  44. 44. The challenges • healthy grapes • to sell wine • profitability • protecting health and environment
  45. 45. Success: a global approach Market Innovation Know-how
  46. 46. Thank you for the kind attention
  47. 47. Marco Galli

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