Moldova - Women in Parliament
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Mid-mission Briefing by Skye Christensen of UN Women for Stakeholders on Gender Equality in Political Participation

Mid-mission Briefing by Skye Christensen of UN Women for Stakeholders on Gender Equality in Political Participation

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  • 1. Mid-Way BriefingMoldova Scoping Mission onGender-Equality in PoliticalParticipation Skye Christensen Electoral Advisor Leadership and Participation Section Skye.Christensen@UNWomen.org
  • 2. Outline• Basis for Mission• Key Findings• Ongoing Programming• Draft Program OutlineSSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 2
  • 3. Women in Parliament 29-Jul-0930% 26% 6-Mar-0525% 22% 5-Apr-0920% 24% 25-Feb-0115% 13% 28-Nov-10 19%10% 22-Mar-98 5% 9% 0%SSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 3
  • 4. Women in National Parliaments50-60% 240-50% 5 Sweden Macedonia Germany30-40% 19 Slovenia Spain Latvia France20-30% 46 Croatia Italy Moldova Montenegro10-20% 65 Romania Lithuania Russia Georgia1-10% 43 Ukraine 0% 8Data: 188 Parliaments / IPU, Women in National Parliaments, single and lower houses 2011 4
  • 5. Progress on MDGs 45% Level Electoral System %W 40% 35% Closed-List Proportional Parliament 20.0% Representation 30% 25% Local Closed-List Proportional 26.5% Councils Representation 20% 15% Rayon Closed-List Proportional 13.2% Councils Representation 10% Two-Round (Majoritarian) 5% Mayors 18.5% System 0% Mayors Rayon Parliament Local Councils Councils MDG Targets ActualsSSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 5
  • 6. 2011 Universal PeriodicReview• Moldova should “ensure the representation of women in the state elective and administrative structures by establishing a minimum quota for women.”(Recommendation 76.6)SSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 6
  • 7. Election Calendar TodayParliament Election PeriodLocal Elections Election Period SSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 7
  • 8. Key Findings• Public Opinion • Media• Political Parties • Public Education• Women Leaders & System Women Candidates• Political Finance• Minority GroupsSSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 8
  • 9. Lists as presented for November 2010 elections. Women candidates are represented by white bars. “Winnable seats” based on July 2009 results. Women make up Women make up 15% Women make up 13% Women make up Of winnable seat s 11% Of winnable seat s 25% Of winnable seat s Of winnable seats Average women is in posit ion Average women is in 59 Average women is posit ion 67 in posit ion (Out of 102) 70 (Out of 103) Average women is in posit ion (Out of 103) 48 (Out of 103) 67% 75% Of Candidat es Are Men Of Candidat es Are Men 75% 77% Of Candidat es Of Candidat es Are Men Are Men SSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 9
  • 10. Key Findings• Public Opinion • Media• Political Parties • Public Education• Political Finance System• Women Leaders & Women Candidates• Ethnic Minority GroupsSSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 10
  • 11. Mapping• Party Strengthening• Candidate / Leadership Training Mentoring• Electoral Management• Parliamentary Strengthening• Strengthening Local Authorities• RoundtablesSSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 11
  • 12. Demand • Policy Advocacy & Technical Assistance to Reforms Supply • “She Should Run” Environment • Candidate Training • Role of Media • Party‟s Womens • Gender Organizations Performance MonitoringSSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 12
  • 13. PolicyPolicy Reforms to Increase Demand forWomen Politicians• Preliminary Objectives – 33% Rank & Replace Nomination Quota for Parliament – 40% Rank & Replace Nomination Quota for Local Councils – 25% Rank & Replace Nomination Quota Rayon Councils – 30% Nomination Quota for MayorsSSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 13
  • 14. 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 0% 5% Jan-07 Mar-07 May-… Jul-07 Sep-07SSC / September 2012 Nov-07 Jan-08 Slovenia Mar-08 May-… 25% Quota Jul-08 Sep-08 Nov-08 Jan-09 Mar-09 May-… Jul-09 Sep-09Chisinau, Moldova Women in Parliament (2007 – 2012) Nov-09 Jan-10 Mar-10 May-… Jul-10 Sep-10 Nov-10 Jan-11 Mar-11 May-… Jul-11 33% Quota Sep-11 Nov-11 Jan-1214 Mar-12
  • 15. 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Jan-07 Mar-07 May-07 Jul-07 Sep-07SSC / September 2012 Nov-07 Jan-08 France Mar-08 May-08 Jul-08 Sep-08 Nov-08 Jan-09 Mar-09 50% Political Finance Quota May-09 Jul-09 Sep-09 Nov-09 Jan-10Chisinau, Moldova Women in Parliament (2007 – 2012) Mar-10 May-10 Jul-10 Sep-10 Nov-10 Jan-11 Mar-11 May-11 Jul-11 Sep-11 Nov-11 Jan-12 Mar-12 May-12 Jul-1215
  • 16. Technical Assistance• Legal Reform Process• Capacity Development – Cooperation/synergies with on-going TA programmes (Parliament, CEC, Parties & Women‟s Organisations, Networks of Women Politicians)• “Man to Man”• Male ChampionsSSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 16
  • 17. Technical Assistance(cont.)• Advocacy (shifting the balance towards reform) – High – Level Engagement – Media Campaign – Civil Society Advocacy & Activism on the Issue• Role of Media in Women’s Political Participation – On-going monitoring & rating of Media Outlets – Rosters of „experts‟• Monitoring of the Gender Aspects of the National & Local Elections – Study, Assessment, Data production (support existing)SSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 17
  • 18. Developing the Supplyof Women Candidates• “She Should Run - Moldova” – A new movement focused on participatory mechanism for identifying women candidates, encouraging them to run, and supporting them in making the first steps.• Training Program for Parliament, Mayoral, Rayon, and Local Council Candidates – Based on Needs Assessment in co-op with other partners – Assess the feasibility of „randomising‟ the implementation of training of local council candidates.SSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 18
  • 19. ComparativeExperienceSSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 19
  • 20. Developing the Supplyof Women Candidates• “She Should Run - Moldova” – A new movement focused on identifying women candidates, convincing them to run, and then supporting them.• Training Program for Parliament, Mayoral, Rayon, and Local Council Candidates – Assess the feasibility of „randomising‟ the implementation of training of local council candidates.SSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 20
  • 21. Guiding Principles• Multi-Party• Partnerships• One UNSSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 21
  • 22. Thank You! Skye Christensen • Electoral Advisor • Leadership and Participation Section • Skye.Christensen@UNWomen.orgSSC / September 2012 Chisinau, Moldova 22