3. A History of Forced Dance <ul><li>Slave owners would force their slaves to sing and dance at auction to prove their health </li></ul><ul><li>They used this dancing to “prove” that slaves were sub-human </li></ul><ul><li>Slave musicians were highly prized to “pacify” the other slaves and play for their masters. </li></ul>
4. The Minstrel Show Dan “Daddy” Rice invents the minstrel show- 1831 Portrays Slaves as happy-go lucky idiots in need of guidance. Played by white performers in black face
5. “ Jim Crow”
6. The Blues <ul><li>Create a Space where one can express sadness and defy it all at once. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The blues is an art of ambiguity, an assertion of the irrepressibly human over all circumstances, whether created by others or by one's own human failing.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Ralph Ellison </li></ul>
7. Back to New Orleans <ul><li>After the Civil War, influences combine to form Ragtime </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Syncopated rhythms from Congo square </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call and response from church </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brass from left-over civil war instruments </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creole Training during reconstruction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
8. Buddy Bolden (1877 - 1931) Charles “Buddy” Bolden is credited with being the first to combine ragtime and Blues, to add brass and even incorporate parts of Gospel music, all in one. His best known song was “Funky Butt” I'm not kidding. 1907 at the age of 30, Bolden has a psychotic breakdown and goes into a mental institution, never to emerge. He made no recordings.
9. Buddy Bolden – Only known Photograph
10. Jelly Roll Morton (1890 - 1941) Ferdinand “Jelly Roll” Morton – claimed to have invented Jazz Became a pianist in Storyville at the age of 14. When is grandmother found out, she disowned him. Has to improvise as part of his job In 1904 begins to travel, bringing Jazz with him.
11. Jelly Roll Morton
12. The Same old Debate Begins to spread with The Great Migration New Dances coming out of New York – Bunny Hop, Turkey Troy, Shim-Sham-Shimmy Critics of Ragtime and Jazz think it's immoral The immorality is linked to race. Legitimized through the Foxtrot of Vernon and Irene Castle Their band leader was James Reese Europe
13. The Castles
14. 1917 - First Jazz Album Dec. 1915 offered to record Freddie Keppard, who was so paranoid about having his style copied that he refused. The Original Dixieland Jazz Band plays “Livery Stable Blues” Nick LaRocca claims to be the “creator of Jazz.” Sells 250,000 copies, more than any album had ever sold.