challenges and opportunities for women entrepreneurship in india


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challenges and opportunities for women entrepreneurship in india

  1. 1. Challenges and Opportunities for Women Entrepreneurship in India under Globalization BY AYYANAR.P (II MBA ) & KARPAGAM COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, COIMBATORE
  2. 2. Introduction  In spite of forming 50 per cent of the total population of the world women do not own even 1 per cent of the world’s property.  The specific role of women in the economic effort has not yet been clearly defined but the need for “integration of women into development” is being particularly felt by women themselves.
  3. 3. Cont… • With the increase in the number of women getting educated, there is considerable awareness among women to be self-employed and gradually the role of women is changing in the society. • Women make the second largest target group for identification of potential entrepreneurs being slightly less than 50% of the total population. • The challenges and opportunities provided to the women of digital era are growing rapidly that the job seekers are turning into job creators.
  4. 4. Women Entrepreneurs in India • Women entrepreneurs in India The Government of India has defined women entrepreneurs based on women participation in equity and employment of a business enterprise. • Accordingly, a woman entrepreneur is defined as an enterprise owned and controlled by a woman having a minimum financial interest of 51% of the capital and giving at least 51% of the employment generated in the enterprise to a woman.
  5. 5. Status of Women Entrepreneurs In India • Nature has made a division of labour entrusting upon men and women different responsibilities for the betterment of the process of evolution. • The women, the mother, has been the symbol of continuity of culture, tradition and religion, being the binding force of the family system.
  6. 6. Women entrepreneurs can be divided into three categories : First Category : Established in big cities . Having higher level technical & professional qualifications Non traditional Items Sound financial positions. Count….
  7. 7. Second Category : Established in cities and towns Having sufficient education Both traditional and non traditional items Undertaking women services-kindergarten, crèches, beauty parlors , health clinic etc Third Category: Illiterate women Financially week Involved in family business such as Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Dairy, Fisheries, Agro Forestry, Handloom, Power loom etc.
  8. 8. A Risk and Reward Framework for Women’s Entrepreneurship • This section reviews previous research undertaken on women’s entrepreneurship. We depart from the previous work from Duchénaut’s report to the OECD (1997), but also different conferences held by the OECD on the subject (e.g. OECD, 2000). The section will demonstrate how and why women’s entrepreneurship is a distinct feature of entrepreneurship.
  9. 9. Obstacles to women’s entrepreneurship In the previous section, we discussed the position of women and women’s entrepreneurship in particular from the perspective of different framework conditions.
  10. 10. Problems faced by women entrepreneurs are briefly analyzed below: • Start up finance • Working capital management • Marketing skills • Access to technology • Regulatory requirements • Management skills • Lack of confidence.
  11. 11. Role of women as an Entrepreneur's • Imaginative • Attribute to work hard • Persistence • Ability and desire to take risk • Profit earning capacity
  12. 12. Status of Women Entrepreneur • Status of women have been changing since 21st century as a result of growing industrialization and urbanization. • More and more women are going for higher education, technical and professional education. • Women have shifted from kitchen, handicraft to nontraditional higher levels of activities. • Financial institutions like banks have also set up special cells to assist women entrepreneurs.
  13. 13. Conclusion • women entrepreneur are those women who think of a business enterprise, initiate it organize and combine the factors of production, operate the enterprise, undertake risk and handle economic uncertainties involved in running a business enterprise.
  14. 14. How to Develop Women Entrepreneurs? • Consider women as specific target group for all developmental programs . • Adequate training programme on management skills to be provided to women community. • Encourage women's participation in decision- making. • Training on professional competence and leadership skill to be extended to women entrepreneurs.