Introduction to Apologetics - Lesson 4


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Brief introductory lesson covering the implications of Darwinian evolution and its weaknesses.

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  • Excellent set of slides on the most foundational questions: Who am I? Where did I come from? What's my purpose in life? Where do we go when we die? Every other social issue/debate begins here.
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Introduction to Apologetics - Lesson 4

  1. 1. Introduction to Apologetics: Defending the Faith Stephen Russell
  2. 2. Evolution
  3. 3. Definition “Change in the genetic composition of a population during successive generations, as a result of natural selection acting on the genetic variation among individuals, and resulting in the development of new species” -- The American Heritage Dictionary
  4. 4. “From goo to you via the zoo”
  5. 5. Genesis 1:25-27 “5And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds and the livestock according to their kinds, and everything that creeps on the ground according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 26Then God said, quot;Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.quot; 27So God created man in his own image,   in the image of God he created him;    male and female he created them.”
  6. 6. Kind any group of animals capable of interbreeding and reproducing according to their type
  7. 7. 2 Types of Evolution Macro : one “kind” of animal changing into another “kind” Micro : variation within a “kind”
  8. 8. Implications Sex just a natural impulse Humans no more important than animals No morality No God
  9. 9. Dr. William Provine “No gods or purposive forces; no ultimate foundation for ethics; no free will; no life after death; no ultimate meaning in life.”
  10. 10. Ingrid Newkirk “A rat is a pig is a dog is a boy.”
  11. 11. The Effects of Acceptance
  12. 12. Eugenics
  13. 13. Communism
  14. 14. Abortion
  15. 15. Euthenasia
  16. 16. Is Evolution True? How sure are its supporters?
  17. 17. Carl Sagan “Evolution is a fact amply demonstrated by the fossil record and by contemporary molecular biology. Natural selection is a successful theory devised to explain the fact of evolution.”
  18. 18. Richard Dawkins “It is absolutely safe to say that if you meet somebody who claims not to believe in evolution, that person is ignorant, stupid, or insane (or wicked, but I'd rather not consider that).”
  19. 19. Review of Scientific Method Observation Hypothesis Experimentation Theory Law
  20. 20. Problem 1 No way to test hypothesis
  21. 21. Problem 2 Irreducible Complexity
  22. 22. Charles Darwin “If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.”
  23. 23. Bacterial Flagellum
  24. 24. Michael Behe Darwin's Black Box “To Darwin, the cell was a ‘black box’ – its inner workings were utterly mysterious to him. Now, the black box has been opened up and we know how it works. Applying Darwin’s test to the ultra-complex world of molecular machinery and cellular systems that have been discovered over the past 40 years, we can say that Darwin’s theory has ‘absolutely broken down.’”
  25. 25. Problem 3 Not Observed in Fossil Record
  26. 26. Charles Darwin “The geological record is extremely imperfect and this fact will to a large extent explain why we do not find intermediate varieties, connecting together all the extinct and existing forms of life by the finest graduated steps. He who rejects these views on the nature of the geological record, will rightly reject my whole theory.”
  27. 27. David Raup (Director, Field Museum of Natural History) “We are now about 120 years after Darwin and the knowledge of the fossil record has been greatly expanded. We now have a quarter of a million fossil species but the situation hasn’t changed much. The record of evolution is still surprisingly jerky and, ironically, we have even fewer examples of evolutionary transition that we had in Darwin’s time.”
  28. 28. Stephen J. Gould “The extreme rarity of transitional forms in the fossil record persists as the trade secret of paleontology. The evolutionary trees that adorn our textbooks have data only at the tips and nodes of their branches; the rest is inference, however reasonable, not the evidence of the fossils.”
  29. 29. Dr Alan Feduccia (UNC-Chapel Hill) “Paleontologists have tried to turn Archaeopteryx into an earth-bound, feathered dinosaur. But it’s not. It is a bird, a perching bird. And no amount of ‘paleobabble’ is going to change that.”
  30. 30. What About Theistic Evolution?
  31. 31. Micro Evolution Refers back to “kinds” in Genesis
  32. 32. Macro Evolution? Romans 5:12 “Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned.”
  33. 33. G. Richard Bozarth (Atheist Writer) “Evolution destroys utterly and finally the very reason Jesus’ earthly life was supposedly made necessary. Destroy Adam & Eve and original sin, and in the rubble you will find the sorry remains of the son of God…and if Jesus was not the redeemer who dies for our sins, and this is what evolution means, then Christianity is nothing.”
  34. 34. Questions?