Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Black Studies Calendar 2008
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Black Studies Calendar 2008

1,494

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,494
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
42
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Copyright © 2007 Dr. A. Hodari
  • 2. January 2008 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 1965– Martin Luther King, Jr. called for protest when Ala- 1624- William Tucker, 1st Black 1971—Congressional Black 1943– George Washington 1863– Emancipation Proclama- bama Blacks not allowed to child born in U.S. Caucus formed. Carver died. tion issued. vote. 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Zora Neale Hurston born 1811- Philadelphia Blacks held meetings to protest campaign quot;to exile us from the land of our 1948– U.S. Supreme Court ruled nativity.quot; Blacks have right to study law at state institutions. 1985– Reuben V. Anderson, 1st 1773– Massachusetts slaves 1890- William B. Purvis pat- 1811– Charles Deslondes led 1866– Georgia Equal Rights Black appointed to Mississippi 1952– University of Tennessee petitioned for freedom. ented fountain pen. slave revolt in New Orleans. 1866– Fisk University founded. Association organized. Supreme Court. admitted 1st Black student. 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Daniel Hale Williams born Muhammad Ali born 1966– Robert C. Weaver nomi- nated Secretary of HUD. 1990– L. Douglas Wilder became 1868– Black delegates majority 1978– NASA named Black astro- 1st Black governor since Recon- at South Carolina State Assem- 1929– Martin Luther King Jr. nauts: Guion Bluford, Ron 1917– Virgin Islands purchased 1938– Captain B Collins pat- 1788– Blacks organized Baptist struction. bly. born. McNair, Frederick Gregory. by U.S. ented portable electric light. Church in Savannah, Georgia. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Barbara Jordan born Bessie Coleman born 1788– Andrew Bryan, 1st Black pastor, ordained. 1793– Benjamin Banneker 1977– Patricia Roberts Harris helped plan Washington, D.C. 1966– Constance B. Motley became 1st Black woman to 1977– 1st ABC TV showing of 1918- Lewis H Latimer, inven- appointed federal judge, 1st 1961– Carl T. Rowan, journalist, hold Cabinet position. 1773- Phyllis Wheatley freed. 1800- Nat Turner born. “Roots”. tor, honored. given White House job woman. 27 28 29 30 31 Oprah born Jackie Robinson born 1938- 1st Black Woman elected to a state legislature. 1944- Matthew Henson received 1926– Violette Nealy Anderson became 1st Black woman to medal as co-discoverer of North argue before Supreme Court. 1797– Earliest Black petition to 1961- Leontyne Price debuted Pole. Congress. with Metropolitan Opera. 1977– Andrew Young’s U.N. 1986– Ronald McNair died on appointment confirmed by 1956– Martin Luther & Coretta 1865- Congress passed 13th Senate. Scott King’s home firebombed Amendment. 1972– Mahalia Jackson died. Challenger.
  • 3. February 2008 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 Langston Hughes born 1807– Congress legally banned foreign slave trade. 1 1776– George Washington an- 865– John S. Rock, 1st Black to swered letter from Phyllis practice before the U.S. Su- Wheatley. preme Court. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Rosa Parks born 1820– U.S. Blacks emigrate (from NY) back to Sierra Leone. 1906– Paul Lawrence Dunbar died. 1961– Jail Movement began in 1951– Private Edward O. Cle- 2007– Tony Dungy became 1st Rock Hill, S.C. when students 1867– Fredrick Douglass & Black aborn, Memphis soldier, 1964– Arthur Ashe, Jr. became 1920- Negro Baseball League Black head coach to win Super refused to pay fines & re- delegation called on President awarded Distinguished Service 1st Black on U.S. Davis Cup founded. bowl. 1934– Hank Aaron born. quested jail sentences. Johnson. Cross. team. 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Frederick Douglass born Bill Russell born Nelson Mandela Freed 1793– Congress passed Fugi- 1644- 1st Black legal protest in tive Slave Act. 1989– Ronald H. Brown elected America by 11 Blacks who 1867– Augusta Institute, later 1874—Fredrick Douglass elected chairman of Democratic Na- petitioned for freedom 1746– Absalom Jones. 1st Black Morehouse College, opened in 1957– Southern Christian Lead- President of Freedom’s Bank & tional Committee. in New York. 1909– NAACP founded in NY. Protestant Minister, born. Atlanta. ership Conference organized. Trust Company. 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Huey P. Newton born Toni Morrison born Sidney Poitier born W.E.B. DuBois born Nina Simone born 1790– George Bridgewater, musician, made London debut. 1950– Thomas L. Griffith admit- ted to Los Angeles Bar Associa- 1688– 1st formal protest against 1895– Death of Fredrick Doug- 1967-Adam Clayton Powell 1868-W.E.B. DuBois born. Died 1940– Smokey Robinson born. tion. slavery– Quakers lass. 1965– Malcolm X assassinated. stripped of seniority. 1963. 24 25 26 27 28 29 Fats Domino born 1708- Slave Revolt on Long **February 29th 1 Island. At least seven whites 844– The Dominican Republic killed. established. 1919 Pan-African Congress, organized by W.E.B (on 29th). 1926- Carter G. Woodson 1988– Debi Thomas became 1st 1842– Charles Lenox Remond 1811– Daniel A. Payne educator, 1870– Hiram Revels elected 1st announced “Negro History Black to win medal at Winter testified before Massachusetts 1942 Tuskegee Airmen initi- born. Black in U.S. Senate. Week.” Olympics. ated.
  • 4. March 2008 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 1739- British forced to sign peace treaty with escaped slave societies in Jamaica. 1780- Pennsylvania became 1st state to abolish slavery. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Garrett A. Morgan born Jackie Joyner Kersee 1867- Howard University 1865– Freedman’s Bureau estab- 1875– Blanche Bruce elected 1770– Crispus Attucks became 1876– Senate refused to seat chartered. lished. United States Senator, Missis- one of the first casualties of the 1539– Estenica explored south- P.B.S. Pinchbach of Louisiana. sippi. Boston Massacre. 1857– Dred Scott Decision. western part of U.S. 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Harriet Tubman born 1773– Jean Baptist Pointe Du 1889– Menelik became ruler of Sable founded Chicago. Abyssinia. 1961– Clifton Wharton sworn Harriet Tubman born & died. 1770– Army paycheck issued 1947– John Lee, became 1st ambassador to Norway. (1913). 1959- “Raisin in the Sun” William Kitchen , a slave. 1865– Bill authorized slaves as 1794– Eli Whitney patented Black officer in Navy. opened on Broadway. soldiers in Confederate Army. cotton gin. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Cole born Nat King Spike Lee born 1896– C.B. Scott patented street sweeper. 1965– 54 mile voting rights 1827— 1st Black newspaper 1990 Playwright August Wilson 1947-Louis Lautier, 1st Black march from Selma to Montgom- 1968– State troopers sent to put published. won Pulitzer Prize for “Piano congressional newsman. 1794– Jay’s Treaty went into 1976– Rubin “Hurricane” Carter ery, AL began. down student rebellion on Lesson.” effect. released from prison. Cheyney State College campus. 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Aretha Franklin born Dorothy Height born 1501– Black seaman, soldiers, & explorers brought to America. 2002– Halle Berry became 1st 1911– William H. Lewis became 1914– Sol Butler set track re- 1815– Napoleon banned slave 1873– Abolition of slavery in Black woman to win “Best 1931– “Scottsboro boys” falsely U.S. Assistant Attorney General. 1972- ”Soledad Brothers” cord. trade. Puerto Pico. accused of rape. acquitted by all-white jury. 30 31 Jack Johnson born 1870– Fifteenth Amendment 1797– Olaudah Equiano died ratified. without seeing Africa again.
  • 5. April 2008 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 Marvin Gaye born Maya Angelou born 1796– Toussaint L’Overture commanded French Forces at 1950– Death of Carter G. 1856-Booker T. Washington 1950– Death of Charles Drew, St. Domingo. 1968– Martin Luther King, Jr. born a slave in Virginia. developer of blood plasma. Woodson. assassinated in Memphis. 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Paul Robeson born Billie Holiday born 1909– Matthew Henson reached 1787– Free African Society North Pole. organized. 1931- “Scottsboro Boys” went 1712– Slave revolt in New York 1866– Civil Rights Bill passed 1833- London acclaimed Ira on trial for their lives. 1974– Hank Aaron set new home Aldridge in “ Othello”. 1947– Jackie Robinson played 1861-Conferderate attack on City; 9 Whites killed. over presidential veto. Fort Sumter opened Civil War. run record. 1st game. 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Kareem Abdul Jabbar born 1960– Student Nonviolent Coor- 1964– Sidney Poitier won Acad- dinating Committee organized, emy Award for “Best Actor.” Shaw University. 1758– Francis Williams, 1st 1775— Black & white minute- 1854– Lucy C. Laney, educator, 1775– 1st Abolitionist Society 1964– Sidney Poitier won Acad- Black college graduate, pub- 1818– Indians & Blacks defeated men fought at Lexington & born. organized, Philadelphia. emy Award for Best actor. 1862– Slavery abolished in D.C. lished poem book in Latin. in Battle of Sewanee. Concord. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Luther Vandross born Ella Fitzgerald born 1866– Fisk University Nashville, 1565– Black explorers with 1941– Fair employment Prac- Menendez at St. Augustine, 1970– Student protest at Yale supported Panthers. 1872– Charlotte E. Ray admitted 1950– Black student entered tices Commission established. 1994– 1st all-race elections in TN, opened Florida. to Bar. University of North Carolina. South Africa. 27 28 29 30 Duke Elllington born 1839– Cinque led Amistad ship mutiny. 1828– Shaka Zulu killed. 1961– Sierra Leone granted 1899– Edward Kennedy “ Duke” Independence. 1847– George B. Vashon admit- Ellington, born. 1983– “Memphis Blues” honored ted to New York State Bar. at Smithsonian (29-30).
  • 6. May 2008 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 James Brown born Elijah McCoy born 1920- First game of National 1867– Howard University Negro Baseball League. 1947– Supreme court struck opened in WDC. down restrictive convents. 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Judith Jamison born 1925- The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, trailblaz- 1897– J.H. Smith patented lawn ing black labor union, organized Sprinkler. by A. Philip Randolph. 1798– Date of Thaddeus Kosci- 1994– Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela 1961– Freedom Riders began usko’s Will for education of 1963– Birmingham protests be- 1970- “Chicago Seven” Panther 1862– Slaves in Georgia, Flor- inaugurated 1st elected presi- protesting bus segregation. Blacks. 1960– Civil Rights Act. gan. indictment dropped. ida, & South Carolina freed. dent of South Africa. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Stevie Wonder born 1963– Theodore K. Lawless, dermatologist, honored in 1954– Brown vs. Board of Ed, 1862– Robert Smalls & 12 Blacks Chicago. Supreme Court school segrega- 1865– Blacks demanded equal captured “Planter,” cotton 1791– Civil Rights granted to tion decision. rights & ballots in Norfolk, 1871- “ Sit-In” Protest staged in steamer converted into Confed- 1888– Abolition of slavery in free mulattoes in French colo- 1966– Stokely Carmichael Virginia. Louisville, Kentucky. erate battleship. Brazil. nies. named head of SNCC. 1956– Sugar Ray Leonard born. 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Malcolm X born Patti Labelle born 1958– Robert N.C. Nix elected 1896– Plessy vs. Ferguson. to Congress, Pennsylvania. 1976– Gwendolyn Brooks in- 1966– Bill Cosby became 1st 1955– Mary McLeod Bethune ducted into National Institute of 1984– The Cosby Show pre- 1891– Peter Jackson fought 61 Black to earn Emmy award for 1871- L. Bell patented locomo- 1854- Lincoln University, Penn- died. Arts & Letters. miered on NBC. round draw with white boxer. starring role in “I Spy.” tive smoke stack. sylvania, founded. 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Betty Shabazz born Pam Grier born 1951-Willie Mays entered Major 1822– Slave betrayed Denmark League Baseball. Vesey slave revolt. 1971– Racial tension escalated after Jo Etha Collier, an 18 yr. 1870– Michael Howard arrived at 1950– American Bowling Con- 1909– 1st Conference of Na- 1955– Supreme Court ordered old girl was shot dead in Drew, West Point Academy from 1851– Sojourner Truth attended gress eliminated racial designa- tional Negro Committee (now school integration “with all MS. 1965– Voting Rights Bill passed Mississippi. Women’s Rights Convention. tions. NAACP). deliberate speed”.
  • 7. June 2008 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Josephine Baker born Prince born 1863- Battle of Milken's 1907- Jockey Jimmy Lee made Bend, Black soldier took former 1665- 1st Baptist Church in U.S. racing history. master prisoner. founded. 1875- James A. Healey ordained 1943-99th Pursuit Squadron’s 1994- Granville T. Woods pat- 1987– Mae Jemison became 1st 1939– Marian Wright Edelman 1892- G.T. Sampson patented Catholic Bishop. 1st combat mission. ented steam boiler furnace. 1972– Angela Davis acquitted. Black woman astronaut. was born. clothes dryer. 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1794- Richard Allen started 1911-Marcus Garvey founded Independent Methodist Move- Universal Negro Improvement ment. Association (UNIA). 1953- Supreme Court outlawed 1940– Marcus Garvey died. 1963– Black students admitted 1952- Dr. Harold D. West named discrimination in D.C. restau- 1989- Call for Reparations by to UA after George Wallace 1963- Medgar Evers killed in 1868- Oscar J. Dunn, ex-slave, pres. Of Meharry College, rants. Congressman John Conyers. 1946– Jack Johnson died. stood in doorway. Jackson, Mississippi. installed as Lt. Gov. of LA. Nashville. 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Tupac born Venus Williams born 1976– 13 yr. old Hector Peter- 1865– Texas Blacks notified of 1967– Muhammad Ali convicted 1877- Henry O. Flipper gradu- son 1st to die in Soweto upris- 1972- Frank Wills discovered 1863– Wm. H, Carney earned Emancipation Proclamation for refusing induction into 1821- A.M.E. Zion Church organ- ated from West Point. ing. Watergate break-in. highest army medal. (Juneteenth). armed services. ized, N.Y.C. 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Wilma Rudolph born 1770- Philadelphia school for Black opened by Quakers. 1959- Prince Edward County, 1935- A. Phillip Randolph 1938- Joe Louis defeated Max 1863- 80 Black recruits reported 1877- Clinto Freaves, army 1876- Isaiah Dorman, Black, 1st VA. Abandoned public school named president of 1st Black 1971– Draft evasion conviction Schmeling. to PA. army camp. soldier, cited for valor. to die in Indian-U.S. battle. system. labor union. of Muhammad Ali overturned. 29 30 Lena Horne born 1870- J.W. Smith wrote “The 1906- John Hope became 1st Colored Cadet—Hardships at Black president of Morehouse West Point”. College.
  • 8. July 2008 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 Thurgood Marshall born 1870- James W. Smith entered 1964- Civil Rights Bills signed by 1962- Jackie Robinson named to 1881- Booker T. Washington 1975– Arthur Ashe won men's West Point. President Johnson. Baseball Hall of Fame. began work at Tuskegee. single championship. 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Arthur Ashe born Bill Cosby born 1776– Olaudah Equiano bought 1854- Republican party organ- his freedom. ized to oppose slavery. 1893- Dr. Daniel Hale Williams 1936- Cornelius Johnson set 1948- Cleveland Indians signed 1924- DeHart Hubbard won performed 1st open heart 1875- Mary McLeod Bethune 1905- Niagra Movement forerun- 1971– Louis Armstrong died. Leroy (Satchel) Paige. Olympic victory. operation. born. ner of NAACP, organized. world high jump record. 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Ida B. Wells born Nelson Mandela born 1951- George Washington 1863– 54th Colored Regiment 1787- Slavery banned in North- Carver National Monument 1779- Pompey Lamb, noted 1944- Charles R, Dew awarded 1862- The arming of Blacks launched attack on Ft. Wagner, 1867- Congressional Reconstruc- west Territory. dedicated in MO. Black spy aided war effort. Spingarn Medal. approved by Congress. S.C. tion received legal basis. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Haile Selassie born Iman born 1924– United Negro College Fund founded. 1954- Charles Bush named Black 1822– Denmark Vesey hanged. page in Supreme Court. 1896- National Association of 1941– U.S. government admit- 1849- Women’s Rights Conven- Colored Women organized led 1963- Floyd Patterson lost 1868- Fourteenth Amendment 1954– Mary Church Terrell died. ted to Tuskegee Syphilis Experi- 1847- Liberia declared inde- tion aided anti-slavery cause. by Mary Church Terrell. boxing match to Sonny Liston. ratified. ment. pendent republic. 27 28 29 30 31 Queen Mother More born 1948- Legal basis established 1906- John Hope became 1st for desegregation of armed 1869- Fourteenth Amendment 1895- 1st National Conference Black president of Morehouse 1921- Urban League Executive, forces. adopted. of Colored Women Convention. College. Whitney Young, Jr. born.
  • 9. August 2008 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 James Baldwin born 1977- Benjamin L. Hooks be- came NAACP Executive Direc- 1850- William Still started tor. Underground Railroad. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Whitney Houston born Matthew Henson born Louis Armstrong born Ralph Bunche born 1864- Gunner John Lawson earned Congressional Medal. 1962– Nelson Mandela impris- oned. 1908- Allenworth Township 1966– Martin Luther King Jr. 1893- Black longshoremen established in California for 1896- W.S. Grant patented stoned while leading demon- 1965- President Johnson signed struck for better wages & 1936– Jesse Owens won 4th former slaves. curtain rod support. stration in Chicago. Voting Rights Bill. working conditions in TX. 1965- Voting Rights Bill passed. Olympic gold medal in Berlin. 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Alex Haley born 1890- Systematic exclusion of 1862– U.S. President Lincoln 1975– Joanne Little acquitted of 1965- Thurgood Marshall named 1974- Dr. King’s picture hung in Blacks from political life began 1892- 1st Issue of Afro-American addressed Black audience at charges in 1974 killing of a 1970- Federal warrant issued solicitor general. Ga. Capital. (Miss). newspaper. White House. white jailer. for Angela Davis. 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Dave Chapell born Marcus Garvey born 1963- James Meridith graduated KRS-1 born from University of Mississippi. 1884- M.C. Harvey patented lantern. 1831– Nat Tuner led slave 1843- Henry Highland Garnett 1971– George Wallace ordered revolt. called general slave strike. two AL state school boards to 1989– Desmond Tutu defied 1619- 20 Africans brought as 1972- Andrew Young elected to ignore federal desegregation apartheid law by walking alone involuntary settlers to James- 1989– The Atlanta NAACP office 1989– Huey Newton shot to 1796- A.M.E. Church incorpo- Congress. order. on a beach. town, VA. was tear gased. death. rated. 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Althea Gibson born 1800- Gabriel Prosser slave revolt, Virginia. 1943- Wm. L. Dawson elected 1950 - Edith Sampson, 1st Black 1862- 5,000 slaves armed by Black Democratic Party vice 1977– Lou Brock set stolen base 1983– Guion Bluford became 1st appointed to U.N. Secretary of War. President candidate. 1963- W.E.B. DuBois died. 1963- March on Washington. record. Black astronaut in space. 31 1836- Henry Blair patented cotton planting machine.
  • 10. September 2008 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 6 Lewis Latimer born 1977- Death of Ethel Waters at 1969- Civil disorder in Hartford, 1886- Alain Locke, 1st Black 1974- Black Caucus had 1st 1877- ”Pap” Singleton founded 1800- James Durham was 1st age 77. Connecticut. Rhodes Scholar, born. meeting with President Ford. “Singleton’s Colony, Kansas”. recognized Black doctor. 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Jesse Owens born 1739– Slave revolt in Stono, S.C. Twenty-five whites killed. 1859- John Merrick, co-founder 1915- Association for Study of North Carolina Mutual Life 1875- Black voters refused Negro Life & History organized 1974- Guinea Bissou free from 1974- Haile Selassie I, deposed 1787- 1st Black Masonic Lodge 1663- 1st serious slave conspir- Insurance Company, born. Federal protection, Mississippi. by Carter Woodson. Portuguese rule. from Ethiopian throne. organized. acy, Virginia. 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 B.B. King born 1830- 1st Black National Con- vention. 1963- Four girls killed in Bir- mingham, Alabama church 1849- Slavery abolished in 1983- Vanessa Wiliiams became 1865- Equal Rights Mass meet- 1947- Jackie Robinson named 1958– Martin Luther King, Jr. 1940- Selective Service Act. bombing. French possessions. first Black Miss America. ing, Richmond, Virginia. Rookie of the Year. stabbed by Black woman. 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Serena Williams born Ray Charles born 1974- Barbara W. Hancock was 1872- John Conyers entered 950- Ralphe J. Bunche awarded 957– Soldiers escorted 9 Black 1st Black female White House 1918- 368th Black Infantry 1912– W.C. Handy published Annapolis. Noble Peace Prize. 1863– Mary Church Terrell born. children to Central High School. Fellow. Regiment praised. “Memphis Blues.” 28 29 30 1829– David Walker’s Appeal discovered in several areas of U.S. 1895- National Baptist Conven- 1977- Muhammad Ali defeated 1864- 13 Blacks won Congres- tion organized. Earnie Shavers. sional Medal of Honor.
  • 11. October 2008 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 Donny Hathaway born 1949– WERD, pioneer Black owned radio station began operation. 1863- Alexander T. Augusta, 1917- E. J. Scott appointed one of the 1st Black doctors of 1956– Nat King Cole became 1st 1864- N.O. Tribune, Black daily, Special Asst. Sec. of War. Civil War. Black to host own TV show. began publication. Fannie Lou Hamer born 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Jesse Jackson born 1966– Black Panther Party 1897- J.H. Evans patented 871- Fisk Jubilee Singers began 1800- Gabriel Prosser hanged 1804- Jena Jacques I pro- 1869- Morgan State College emerges in Oakland, CA (led by 1964- Rev. Martin Luther King, convertible settee-bed. 1st tour. for armed resistance. claimed Emperor of Haiti. opened. Huey Newton & Bobby Seale). Jr. awarded Nobel Peace Prize. 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Mae Jemison born 1975- ”I’m the first black base- ball manager only because I was born black”, Frank Robinson. 1968– John Carlos & Tommie Smith gave Black Power salute 2002– Stephen Bantu Biko bru- after medaling in the 200 meter 1977- Reggie Jackson, New tally murdered by South African 1970– Angela Davis captured by 1974- LeRoy T. Walker named 1972- Jackie Robinson honored 1859- John Brown led attack on event at the Mexico City Olym- York, hit 3 home runs in World government. FBI agents in NY motel. Black Olympic coach. at Cincinnati Stadium. Harper’s Ferry. pics. Series. 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Dizzy Gillespie born Bobby Seale born 1943- ”Othelllo” opened with 1850- Chicago refused to en- 1952- Frank E. Peterson, JR. Paul Robeson in title role. 1946- W.E.B. DuBois’ speech, force Fugitive Slave Act. commissioned as Marine Avia- 1947– NAACP petitioned U.N. on 1945- Jackie Robinson signed by “Behold The Lord”. tion Officer. racial injustices. 1972- Death of Jackie Robinson. Branch Rickey. 26 27 28 29 30 31 Mahalia Jackson born 1954- Abolition of Black unit in armed forces. 1975– Muhammad Ali defeated Joe Frazier in “Thrilla in Manilla.” 1945- Booker T. Washington 1954– Benjamin O. Davis be- 1979– Richard Arrington became entered Hall of Fame for Great 1921- Solomon P. Hood named came 1st Black general in U.S. 1972- Jackie Robinson biogra- 1974- Muhammad Ali vs. George 1st Black mayor of Birmingham. Americans. Minister to Liberia. Air Force. phy published. Foreman.
  • 12. November 2008 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 1945– 1st issue of Ebony Maga- zine published. 1787- 1st free school in New York City for Blacks. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Minnie Ripperton born Larry Holmes born 1841– Slave took over the Cre- 1953-Hulan Jack elected bor- 1968– Shirley Chisholm became ole on route to New Orleans ough President of Manhattan. 1st Black woman to serve in from Hampton and steered it to Congress.; Eighty other Blacks Bahamas. 1988– Bill and Camille Cosby elected to political office in the 1903- St. Luke Penny Savings 1974- Harold Ford elected gave unprecedented gift of $20 South 1901– James Weldon Johnson & 1955- Supreme Court banned 1966- Edward. W. Brooke Bank opened by Maggie Lena United States Congressman, million to Spelman College partner compose “Lift Every segregation in recreational elected to U.S. Senate from Walker. Tennessee. (largest donation by Blacks). 1974- Black Caucus raised to 17. Voice & Sing.” facilities. Massachusetts. 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Dorothy Dandridge born Daisy Bates born 1775- Blacks denied the tight to 1915– Booker T. Washington enlist. died. 1960- Andrew Hatcher named 1941- Madame Lillian Evanti, 1977- Trial began for 1963 1868- Howard University Medi- Associate Press Secretary to 1975– Angola declared inde- founded National Negro Opera 1839- 1st anti-slavery political Birmingham church bombing 218 B.C.- Hannibal, full blooded cal School opened. U.S. President Kennedy. pendent. Company. party (Liberty Party) organized. case. Black, crossed Alps. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Guion Bluford born 1636- Henrique Dias won battle 1892- Behanzin defended his against Dutch. 1953- Roy Campanella named native land, Dahomey, against MVP in National baseball 1962- Discrimination banned in 1865- Shaw University, North 1948- Levi Jackson elected France. 1759– Paul Cuffe born 1787- Sojourner Truth, born. league. Federally Aided Housing. Carolina, founded. captain, Yale football team. 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Berry Gordy Jr. born Scott Joplin born Tina Turner born 1957- Jim Brown, Cleveland 1974- Black Caucus: Burke, 1974- Black Caucus” Rangel, 1980- National Black Independ- Browns, set record for yards 1955- ICC banned segregation in Dellums, Hawkins, Metcalfe, Chisholm, Stokes, Mitchell, Nix, 1905- Chicago “Defender” ent Party formed. gained. interstate travel. 1883- Death of Sojourner Truth. young, Clay, Collins, Fauntroy. Jordan, Conyers, Diggs, Ford. began publication. 30 Gordon Parks born 1897- J.A. Sweating patented cigarette roller.
  • 13. December 2008 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 6 Richard Pryor born 1969– Chicago police murdered Black Panther leaders Fred 1955– Rosa Parks refused to give 1859– John Brown executed for 1847– Fredrick Douglass pub- Hampton & Mark Clark in their 1784– Phyllis Wheatley, Black 1890– Sgt. Thomas Shaw earned up her bus seat in Mont., AL. insurrection. lished 1st issue of “North Star”. beds. poet, died. Congressional Medal of Honor. 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Ella Baker born Sammy Davis Jr. born 1846– Norbert Rillieux patented sugar-making equipment. 1896– Antonio Maceo died a 1896– J.T. White patented 1946– Committee on Civil Rights 1964– Martin Luther King, Jr. 1872– P.B.S. Pinchback became 1870– Joseph H. Rainey elected 1973– David Dinkins named martyr for Liberty of Cuba. lemon squeezer. organized by Executive Order. awarded Nobel Peace Prize. acting governor of Louisiana. U.S. House of Representatives. deputy mayor of N.Y.C. 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 1865– Thirteenth Amendment adopted. 1973– Fourteen Black college presidents asked U.S. President 1976– Andrew Young appointed 1663– Death of Angolan Queen 1912- Gen. Benjamin O Davis 1875– Carter G. Woodson, 1933– J. Jackson published “ Am Richard Nixon for funds. 1791– Bill of Rights took effect. Ambassador to U.N. Nzingha. born in D.C. historian, born. I A Soldier of the Cross”. 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 C. J. Walker born Flo Jo born 1848– Ellen & William Craft escaped from slavery in GA. 1941– Atlanta urban League won 1760– Jupiter Hammon, Black 1920– W.H. Sammons patented battle for “Mrs.” for Black 1975– Stanley Scoot appointed 1814– Black Troops held posi- slave published “ Salvation of 1908– Jack Johnson became 1st 1887– Stewart & Johnson pat- hair straightening comb. women. to AID African Staff. tion , battle of New Orleans. Christ”. Black heavyweight champion. ented metal bending machine. 28 29 30 31 Denzel Washington born 1862- Watch Night, residents of Rochester, N.Y. joined Freder- ick Douglass in anticipation of Emancipation Proclamation. 1900- Selma Burke, sculp- tor, born. 1816– The American Coloniza- 1746– Lucy Terry, Black poet, 1800– Blacks represented 20% of 1952– Ends 1st full year in 71 tion Society organized. wrote 1st poem. U.S. population. years without a lynching.
  • 14. January 2009 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 1965– Martin Luther King, Jr. called for protest when Ala- 1863– Lincoln issued Emancipa- bama Blacks not allowed to 1624- William Tucker, 1st Black tion Proclamation. vote. child born in U.S. 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Zora Neale Hurston born 1811- Philadelphia Blacks held meetings to protest campaign quot;to exile us from the land of our nativity.quot; 1971—Congressional Black 1943– George Washington 1773– Massachusetts slaves 1890- William B. Purvis pat- 1811– Charles Deslondes led 1866– Georgia Equal Rights Caucus formed. Carver died. petitioned for freedom. ented fountain pen. slave revolt in New Orleans. 1866– Fisk University founded. Association organized. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Muhammad Ali born 1948– U.S. Supreme Court ruled 1966– Robert C. Weaver nomi- Blacks have right to study law nated Secretary of HUD. at state institutions. 1985– Reuben V. Anderson, 1st 1990– L. Douglas Wilder became 1868– Black delegates majority 1978– NASA named Black astro- Black appointed to Mississippi 1952– University of Tennessee 1st Black governor since Recon- at South Carolina State Assem- 1929– Martin Luther King Jr. nauts: Guion Bluford, Ron 1917– Virgin Islands purchased Supreme Court. admitted 1st Black student. struction. bly. born. McNair, Frederick Gregory. by U.S. 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Daniel Hale Williams born Barbara Jordan born 1788– Andrew Bryan, 1st Black pastor, ordained. 1977– Patricia Roberts Harris 1793– Benjamin Banneker 1938– Captain B Collins pat- 1788– Blacks organized Baptist became 1st Black woman to 1 helped plan Washington, D.C. 1977– 1st ABC TV showing of 1918- Lewis H Latimer, inven- ented portable electric light. Church in Savannah, Georgia. hold Cabinet position. 773- Phyllis Wheatley freed. “Roots”. tor, honored. 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Bessie Coleman born Jackie Robinson born Oprah born 1938- 1st Black Woman elected to a state legislature. 1926– Violette Nealy Anderson 1944- Matthew Henson received became 1st Black woman to 1797– Earliest Black petition to 1961- Leontyne Price debuted medal as co-discoverer of North argue before Supreme Court. Congress. with Metropolitan Opera. Pole. 1966– Constance B. Motley 1961– Carl T. Rowan, journalist, 1977– Andrew Young’s U.N. 1956– Martin Luther & Coretta appointed federal judge, 1st given White House job. 1986– Ronald McNair died on appointment confirmed by Scott King’s home firebombed 1865- Congress passed 13th 1972– Mahalia Jackson died.
  • 15. REFERENCES “Cross the river in a crowd, and the crocodile will not eat you.” ~ Madagascar Carney-Smith, J. (2003). Black Firsts: 4,000 ground-breaking and pioneering historical events. De- troit, MI: Gale Research, Inc. Cowan, T. & McGuire, J. (1994). Timelines of African American History: 500 Years of Black Achieve- ment. New York, NY: Berkley Publication Group. Hornsby, Alton (1991). Chronology of African American History: Significant Events and People from 1619 to the Present. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Inc. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS “A single bracelet does not jingle.” ~”the Congo” Asante Sana/Thank you to: Maceo Dailey, Ahmed Obafemi, VernCile Bush, Theodore Foster, Alexis Morris, and Kimberly Rodgers. NOTE “Even a beautiful thing is never perfect.” ~Egypt While every effort has been made to present reliable and accurate information, absolute accuracy of the data cannot be guaranteed. In the spirit of Ujima (collective work and responsibility), please report any errors, omissions, or discrepancies via electronic mail to: drhodari@igc.org (with “Black Facts Calendar” in the subject line). All attempts will be made to improve future editions. Rev. 11/25/07 Copyright © 2007 Dr. A. Hodari

×