World History Ch. 20 Section 3 Notes
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World History Ch. 20 Section 3 Notes

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World History Ch. 20 Section 3 Notes World History Ch. 20 Section 3 Notes Presentation Transcript

  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Preview • Main Idea / Reading Focus • Napoleon’s Rise to Power • Emperor Napoleon • Faces of History: Napoleon Bonaparte • Map: Napoleon’s Empire • Napoleon’s Policies Napoleon’s Europe
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Reading Focus • How did Napoleon rise to power? • How did Emperor Napoleon come to dominate Europe? • What were Napoleon’s most important policies? Main Idea 1. Napoleon Bonaparte rose through military ranks to become emperor over France and much of Europe. Napoleon’s Europe
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Napoleon promised order and stability, pledging to uphold key reforms. The French gave up some freedoms for peace and prosperity. Napoleon Bonaparte, ruthlessly ambitious, rose from army captain to ruler of France in a very short time. He took advantage of the turmoil of the French Revolution. • Napoleon, brilliant military leader • In charge of French interior at 26 • Invaded Italy and Egypt • Defeat by Admiral Horatio Nelson kept from newspapers • Became national hero Opportunities for Glory Napoleon Seizes Power • Directory weak and ineffective • Fear of royalists and of European opposition • November 1799 coup d’état • France to be led by Consulate • Napoleon voted first consul, in effect a dictator Napoleon’s Rise to Power
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Summarize What events led to Napoleon’s rise to power? Answer(s): stopped royalists from regaining power, defended French interior, won battles in Italy, kept borders secure, won territory for France, covered up Battle of Nile, coup d'état
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Emperor Napoleon Once France under control, Napoleon turned to Europe • Napoleon crowns himself – Submitted a plebiscite before voters – Emperor Napoleon I • Desire for empire – Wanted to rule Europe and the Americas – French expedition to Saint Domingue (Haiti today) failed – Napoleon sold Louisiana Territory and turned his focus to Europe
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Napoleonic Wars Begin • Extension of wars fought during the French Revolution, would last a decade • France dominant power in Europe • French empire grew rapidly, but fell apart more quickly • Nelson and British navy won Battle of Trafalgar off coast of Spain • Napoleon defeated Russian and Austrian troops at Austerlitz Quest to Conquer Europe
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 • “Nation of shopkeepers,” Great Britain continued to defy Napoleon • Blockade prohibited French or allied ships from trade with Britain • Britain required ships from neutral countries to stop in British ports • War of 1812 one result Continental System • Troops to Portugal and Spain • Spanish people revolted in 1808 • Great Britain stepped in to help • Guerrilla war with Spanish kept French busy • Napoleon finally pulled out of Spain The Peninsular War
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 2. Mastered Most of Europe • Through treaties, alliances, and victories in battle • Controlled much of Europe by 1812 Rewarded Relatives • Relatives put in power; brothers on thrones of Holland, Naples, and Sicily • Sisters and stepson held powerful positions Free of Control • Great Britain remained an enemy • Sweden, Portugal, and the Ottoman Empire escaped Bonaparte’s grip Napoleon Dominates Europe
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Summarizing What regions of Europe did Napoleon dominate? Answer(s): all nations except Great Britain, Sweden, and the Ottoman Empire
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Church-State Relations • Antireligious nature of French Revolution over • Concordat recognized influence of Roman Catholic Church Legal and Educational • Napoleonic Code developed • Order and authority over individual rights • Schools for government and military positions Economic Reforms • Established the Bank of France to regulate economy • More efficient tax-collection system 3.Legacy—Age of Napoleon • Democratic ideas • Equality before law, representative system • Spread of nationalism Napoleon’s Policies
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Identify Cause and Effect How did Napoleon’s reforms affect French society? Answer(s): Napoleon made some basic revolutionary ideas part of the French government.