United States History Ch. 19 Section 2 Notes

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United States History Ch. 19 Section 2 Notes

  1. 1. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier • Evaluate Kennedy’s domestic policies. • Assess the impact of the Kennedy assassination. Objectives
  2. 2. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier Terms and People • New Frontier − a term for Kennedy’s proposals to resolve economic, educational, healthcare, and civil rights issues and to explore space • Equal Pay Act − passed in 1963, the law required equal wages for equal work in industries engaged in commerce or in producing goods for commerce • deficit spending − the government borrows money to spend more than it receives in taxes
  3. 3. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier • space race − the competition between the Soviet Union and the United States to develop technology to land on the moon • Warren Commission − the official government commission that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy Terms and People (continued)
  4. 4. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier What were the goals of Kennedy’s New Frontier? 1. President Kennedy was determined to improve life in the United States. He succeeded in making some domestic policy changes regarding poverty and racial discrimination and spurred interest in the space race.
  5. 5. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier The new First Family charmed Americans with their youth and energy. President Kennedy had a special style that made him seem different from other politicians.
  6. 6. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier • He also wanted to jump-start the space program. Kennedy promised America a New Frontier. • He pledged to create economic opportunity and expand healthcare and civil rights.
  7. 7. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier However, a conservative Congress prevented Kennedy from enacting all of the programs he proposed. 2. Some of President Kennedy’s New Frontier proposals succeeded. Kennedy was able to: • Increase the minimum wage • Extend Social Security benefits • Improve the welfare system • Pass the first Equal Pay Act for men and women
  8. 8. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier 3. Kennedy’s economic initiatives led to tremendous economic growth in the late 1960s. Kennedy made several proposals related to the economy. • Increased military spending • Tax credits for business and tax cuts for the middle class • Deficit spending to stimulate the economy
  9. 9. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier Kennedy introduced a civil rights bill in 1963. He also proposed to strengthen civil rights in response to the violence in the South. Civil rights marches and demonstrations took place all across the country
  10. 10. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier 4.He made it a national goal to place a man on the moon before 1970. Congress gave generous funding to NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Kennedy recognized the need for the United States to beat the Soviet Union in the space race.
  11. 11. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier In July, 1969 an American flag flew on the moon.
  12. 12. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier In November, 1963, while riding in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, President Kennedy was assassinated. The senseless murder deeply saddened Americans. To many, it seemed that America’s innocence had died with Kennedy.
  13. 13. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier The nation moved to resolve the economic and equality issues Kennedy had identified. 5. After Kennedy’s death, Vice President Johnson was sworn in as the new President. Johnson also appointed the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy.
  14. 14. Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 Kennedy’s New Frontier Section Review Know It, Show It QuizQuickTake Quiz

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