Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
US History Ch. 9 Section 3 Notes
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

US History Ch. 9 Section 3 Notes

1,998
views

Published on


0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,998
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 Objectives • Examine the causes and consequences of the Philippine insurrection. • Analyze the effects of the Open Door Policy. • Describe how the United States dealt with the rising power of Japan. The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 2. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 Terms and People • insurrection – a rebellion or revolt • guerrilla warfare – form of non-traditional warfare, generally by small bands of fighters • William Howard Taft – future president, appointed governor of the Philippines in 1901 • sphere of influence – zones in China that gave European powers exclusive access to commerce • John Hay – U.S. Secretary of State who asserted the “Open Door Policy” in China The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 3. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 Terms and People (continued) • Boxer Rebellion – 1900 revolt by secret Chinese societies against outside influences • Open Door Policy – Secretary of State John Hay’s policy of opposing European colonies and “spheres of influence” in China • Russo-Japanese War – war launched by Japan in 1904 to remove Russian influence in China; settled by Theodore Roosevelt in the Treaty of Portsmouth The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 4. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 Terms and People (continued) • “Gentlemen’s Agreement” – allowed Japanese children to attend public schools with whites in California while Japan agreed to limit emigration to the U.S. • Great White Fleet – 1907 world cruise by an armada of U.S. battleships to demonstrate American naval strength The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 5. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 How did the United States extend its influence in Asia? 1. America’s decision to keep the Philippines helped expand U.S. influence, compete with European colonial powers, gain Asian markets, and extend American culture to the people of Asia. Imperialism in East Asia brought greater power and wealth to Americans, but it also increased political tensions in Asia. The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 6. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 Following the Spanish-American War, the United States decided to retain possession of the Philippines. This angered Filipino nationalists like Emilio Aguinaldo who had fought aside the Americans to oust Spain. Aguinaldo used guerrilla warfare in an organized insurrection against the United States. The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 7. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 The U.S. reacted with brutality and racism. Villages were burned and suspected “insurrectos” shot. • One commander, General Jacob Smith, even told his men, “the more you kill and burn, the better you will please me.” • 2. Brutality was defended in the American press with racist statements such as, “they must yield before the superior race.” The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 8. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 3. In 1901 the insurrection ended and William Howard Taft was appointed governor. • established a health care system Taft censored the press and jailed dissidents, but he also: • staffed schools • built roads and bridges • extended limited self-rule The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 9. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 In 1899, China was being exploited by European powers. Britain, France, Germany, and Russia each carved out spheres of influence or zones in which they enjoyed special access to ports and markets. • U.S. Secretary of State John Hay announced that the U.S. expected “equality of treatment for commerce in China.” • This Open Door Policy guided future U.S. actions. The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 10. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 4. In 1900, Chinese secret societies began attacking foreigners and missionaries. • A multinational force from the U.S., Europe, and Japan, put down this Boxer Rebellion. • The Chinese government was forced to pay for damages done during the rebellion. • This raised nationalist anger and contributed to a 1911 revolt against the Emperor. The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 11. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 It eventually took 20,000 soldiers, including 2,000 Americans, like these marching through China’s Forbidden City, to put down the Boxer Rebellion. The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 12. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 Japan also opposed European interference in China, especially by Russia. The Russo-Japanese War ● In 1904, Japan attacked a Russian fleet at Port Arthur in China. ● The resulting Russo-Japanese War was resolved by Theodore Roosevelt at a conference in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. ● In 1905, Roosevelt was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his role, demonstrating America’s new stature in the world. The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 13. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 Anti-Asian prejudice, especially on the West Coast, disrupted relations with Japan. When the San Francisco School Board banned Asian students from attending classes with white students, Japan was insulted. Roosevelt negotiated a “Gentlemen’s Agreement” in which the school board removed the ban and in exchange, Japan limited emigration to the U.S. The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 14. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 5. President Roosevelt reminded the world of America’s rising military power by sending the Great White Fleet of sixteen battleships on a world cruise in 1907. The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins
  • 15. 325 Section Chapter Section 1 Section Review QuickTake Quiz Know It, Show It Quiz The ColdUnited States and East Asia The War Begins