<ul><li>Searching the Web </li></ul>
Searching the Web <ul><li>Skokie Public Library  |  http://www.skokielibrary.info/   |  April 14, 2010 </li></ul>
<ul><li>Browsers </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Explorer (PC) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Firefox (Any) </li><...
<ul><li>Common things found in Web sites </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>URL screen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A UR...
Navigating the Internet URL enter screen Advertisements Main Content Other options / Search Menu Find on a page Tabs Histo...
<ul><li>Internet Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain a healthy suspicion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unk...
<ul><li>General Search tips </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some search strategies are almost always useful </li></ul></ul></ul>...
<ul><li>Boolean Operators  ( AND ,  OR , and  NOT) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AND: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limits the nu...
<ul><li>Phrase Search </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually quotation marks are used:  “ “ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Limiters </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most search engines and databases provide other ways to narrow your search  </l...
<ul><li>Search Engines   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Search engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul></ul...
Search Engines
<ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By far the most used search site (76% of searches on the Internet are done using ...
Search Engines
<ul><li>Bing  (Microsoft’s latest search engine) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Starts out with a simple one box search, but be...
Search Engines
<ul><li>Yahoo! Search </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Much more than a search engine ( search.yahoo.com  for ONLY search) </li><...
Meta Search Engines
<ul><li>Dogpile </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meta search engines search multiple other search sites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><...
Meta Search Engines
<ul><li>Clutsy </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simple one line search box </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clusters function ...
Other Search Sites
Other Search Sites
Other Search Sites
<ul><li>Surfwax  (meta search engine) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can view contents of your search in a sidebar (Snap) </li>...
Skokie Public Library Databases
<ul><li>Benefits of using SPL’s Databases </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access to unavailable information </li></ul></ul></ul>...
<ul><li>Where do I find these databases?   </li></ul><ul><li>Library Web Site  ( http://www. skokielibrary .info/ ) </li><...
<ul><li>Some Popular Databases at the Library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancestry Library Edition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Br...
Remember : A librarian will be happy to help you if you have questions! Phone: 847.673.3733 Email, Instant message, or set...
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Searching the Web

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This beginner-level class offers participants instruction on how to effectively search the Web using a wide variety of search engines, Web directories, and library databases. Attendees must already know how to use a mouse and keyboard.

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Searching the Web

  1. 1. <ul><li>Searching the Web </li></ul>
  2. 2. Searching the Web <ul><li>Skokie Public Library | http://www.skokielibrary.info/ | April 14, 2010 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Browsers </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Explorer (PC) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Firefox (Any) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safari (Mac) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google Chrome (Any) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many others </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Search Engines </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Essentially a program that sends out requests to the Internet for information, then returns that information in index form. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proprietary: Searches are different for every search engine depending on their program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search engines do not find the same information </li></ul></ul></ul>Navigating the Internet
  4. 4. <ul><li>Common things found in Web sites </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>URL screen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A URL is the address of a Web site. It shows where the site is located. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Menus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>History </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bookmarks / Favorites </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Find / Find of page </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search box </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ads </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Main content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Additional menus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.amazon.com/ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.newsweek.com/ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Navigating the Internet
  5. 5. Navigating the Internet URL enter screen Advertisements Main Content Other options / Search Menu Find on a page Tabs History / bookmarks
  6. 6. <ul><li>Internet Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain a healthy suspicion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unknown email / spam </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Purchasing things from unknown companies </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Signing up for things / registering </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Too good to be true” advertising </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cosider purchasing anti-virus software (Norton, McAfee, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be involved with children’s Internet usage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More information: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web Wise Kids </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.webwisekids.org/index.asp?page=parents </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft’s Online Safety and Privacy Education </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.microsoft.com/protect/ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Snopes (website dedicated to debunking online frauds, scams, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.snopes.com/ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Navigating the Internet
  7. 7. <ul><li>General Search tips </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some search strategies are almost always useful </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Different sites treat the same search actions differently </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>However, the same principals can be applied </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most search engines and databases have a <Help> option (When in doubt, check <help>!) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually located in one of the search engine’s menus </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Try guessing the url (ex: www.microsoft.com ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generally, more words used in a search give fewer results and less words give more results. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Additional Resources with search help </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UC Berkley tutorial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/FindInfo.html </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pandia tutorial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.pandia.com/goalgetter/ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Search Basics
  8. 8. <ul><li>Boolean Operators ( AND , OR , and NOT) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AND: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limits the number of ‘hits’ (results) you receive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In many search sites, this is implied (if you type two or more words, it assumes you want x AND y AND z, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OR: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increases the number of ‘hits’ you receive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Synonyms for words can be used </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limits the number of ‘hits’ you receive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Useful for getting rid of words that have more than one meaning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Sun NOT Microsystems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes a (-) sign (like for Google) </li></ul></ul></ul>Advanced Search
  9. 9. <ul><li>Phrase Search </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually quotation marks are used: “ “ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Useful for a specific search (song lyrics, part of a poem, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: “ fly me to the moon” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Truncation and Wildcards </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used as placeholders for additional characters - usually ( * ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Truncation = finds any characters that come after the placeholder </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Red* --> red, reds, redwood, redding, etc . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wildcards = finds different characters within a word </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Wom*n --> woman, women </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Stop Words </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Small words that are used often </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some stop words include: and, the, a, not, to, be, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Give me a cookie and Give me cookie would yield similar results </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most search engines and databases ingore these </li></ul></ul></ul>Advanced Search
  10. 10. <ul><li>Limiters </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most search engines and databases provide other ways to narrow your search </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often found under Advanced Search </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Varies greatly! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search limiters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keyword (usually default) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Author </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple search boxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other limiters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Date </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Type ( book, dvd, magazine, etc.) OR (web: .gov, .edu, .org) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Advanced Search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilson Select Plus </li></ul></ul>Advanced Search
  11. 11. <ul><li>Search Engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Search engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yahoo! Search </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meta search engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search multiple search engines at once </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not all search engines search the same information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unique features </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Meta search engines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dogpile </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clutsy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surfwax </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skokie Public Library databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access to information not available for free on the Web </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Business / company info </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scholarly articles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geneology </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And more </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Search Engines <ul><li>http://www.searchengineoptimizationcompany.ca/Regina-SEO.html </li></ul>
  12. 12. Search Engines
  13. 13. <ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By far the most used search site (76% of searches on the Internet are done using Google). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simple one line search box </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phrase completion function </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did you mean function </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I’m Feeling Lucky! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other search options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Images, Videos, Maps, News, Shopping (limiters) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search strategies </li></ul></ul>Search Engines TYPE INCLUDED? HOW Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) Yes AND = [default] OR = OR (capitalized) NOT = [-] Phrase Search Yes Quotation marks [“ “] Wildcards / Truncation Some No truncation (Google automatically searches other endings) Wildcards = [*] Advanced search Yes Limit by Language, File type, Domain, etc.
  14. 14. Search Engines
  15. 15. <ul><li>Bing (Microsoft’s latest search engine) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Starts out with a simple one box search, but becomes more complex </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phrase completion function </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web site review function </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Related searches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other search options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Images , Videos , Maps (localized), News, Shopping, History (limiters) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search strategies </li></ul></ul>Search Engines TYPE INCLUDED? HOW Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) Yes AND = [default] OR = OR (capitalized) NOT = NOT (capitalized) Phrase Search Yes Quotation marks [“ “] Wildcards / Truncation No No truncation or wildcard options Advanced search Yes Limit by Terms. [under Preferences] Domain, Country/Region, Language, Filter
  16. 16. Search Engines
  17. 17. <ul><li>Yahoo! Search </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Much more than a search engine ( search.yahoo.com for ONLY search) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search Assist / Also try: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsored results </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Related searches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other search options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Images, video, local, shopping, jobs, news , sports, weather, etc. (limiters) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search strategies </li></ul></ul>Search Engines TYPE INCLUDED? HOW Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) Yes AND = [default] OR = OR (capitalized) NOT = [-] Phrase Search Yes Quotation marks [“ “] Wildcards / Truncation No No truncation or wildcard options Advanced search Yes Limit by Terms, Last updated, Domain, Country, Language, Filter
  18. 18. Meta Search Engines
  19. 19. <ul><li>Dogpile </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meta search engines search multiple other search sites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simple one line search box </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phrase complete function </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did you mean function </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other search options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Images, video, news, white and yellow pages (limiters) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search strategies </li></ul></ul>Meta Search Engines TYPE INCLUDED? HOW Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) No * Advanced search terms function in a similar way Phrase Search No * Advanced search terms function in a similar way Wildcards / Truncation No No truncation or wildcard options Advanced search Yes Limit by Terms, Domain. [under preferences] Filter, Bold search terms, # displays
  20. 20. Meta Search Engines
  21. 21. <ul><li>Clutsy </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simple one line search box </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clusters function (groups results into subjects) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sources and Sites function </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did you mean function </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other search options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>News, Images, Wikipedia, Blogs , Jobs (limiters) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search strategies </li></ul></ul>MetaSearch Engines TYPE INCLUDED? HOW Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) Yes AND = [default] OR = OR (capitalized) NOT = [-] Phrase Search Yes Quotation marks [“ “] Wildcards / Truncation No No truncation or wildcard options Advanced search Yes Limit by Host (domain), Language, Type, # Results in a Cluster, Filter
  22. 22. Other Search Sites
  23. 23. Other Search Sites
  24. 24. Other Search Sites
  25. 25. <ul><li>Surfwax (meta search engine) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can view contents of your search in a sidebar (Snap) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is very cluttered / complex </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can broaden or narrow your search (Focus) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sort by and results functions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Useful if you are ‘browsing’ the Web without a clear topic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia (online encyclopedia) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encyclopedia in which anyone can edit content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vast amount of information on practically any subject </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability somewhat in question </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>List of references </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Best if you are looking for specific information or as a place to start a search </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Useful if you are ‘browsing’ the Web without a clear topic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>YouTube (videos posted by anyone) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Video of practically anything you can think of </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anyone can post a video clip </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult to find information. Cluttered. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Many others </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Just search the words “ search engines” in your favorite search </li></ul></ul></ul>Other Search Sites
  26. 26. Skokie Public Library Databases
  27. 27. <ul><li>Benefits of using SPL’s Databases </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access to unavailable information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A lot of information on the web is not available for free </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search engines don’t look through every web page </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often more reliable than free Internet information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually up-to-date </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organized </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FREE for Skokie Public Library cardholders </li></ul></ul></ul>Skokie Public Library Databases
  28. 28. <ul><li>Where do I find these databases? </li></ul><ul><li>Library Web Site ( http://www. skokielibrary .info/ ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research & Homework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Answer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Articles from magazines and newspapers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Databases A to Z </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Homework help for teens </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Homework help for kids </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resources by subject </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library Catalog (AquaBrowser) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Find books </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By location </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Refine search by subject, type, Language, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By “Cloud” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Skokie Public Library Databases Image: http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://riverdaughter.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/question-mark-button-thumb30497471.jpg&imgrefurl=http://riverdaughter.wordpress.com/2009/11/14/debate-club-the-use-of-animals-for-testing/&usg=__poR4G4tlC5aLEMgE2-nKoVUrEuE=&h=303&w=300&sz=27&hl=en&start=3&itbs=1&tbnid=y5MtNIb-lH31JM
  29. 29. <ul><li>Some Popular Databases at the Library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancestry Library Edition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britanica Online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Career Help </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eLibrary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ERIC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factiva </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gale - Virtual Reference Library / General One File </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home Improvement Reference Center </li></ul></ul>Skokie Public Library Databases <ul><li>Hoovers </li></ul><ul><li>Live Homework Help </li></ul><ul><li>Novelist </li></ul><ul><li>ReferenceUSA </li></ul><ul><li>Skokie Review </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson Select Plus </li></ul><ul><li>WorldCat </li></ul>
  30. 30. Remember : A librarian will be happy to help you if you have questions! Phone: 847.673.3733 Email, Instant message, or set up an appointment: http://ask.skokielibrary.info The reference desk at the library is located on the 2 nd floor.
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