Searching the Web
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This beginner-level class offers participants instruction on how to effectively search the Web using a wide variety of search engines, Web directories, and library databases. Attendees must already ...

This beginner-level class offers participants instruction on how to effectively search the Web using a wide variety of search engines, Web directories, and library databases. Attendees must already know how to use a mouse and keyboard.

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Searching the Web Presentation Transcript

  • 1.
    • Searching the Web
  • 2. Searching the Web
    • Skokie Public Library | http://www.skokielibrary.info/ | April 14, 2010
  • 3.
    • Browsers
        • Internet Explorer (PC)
        • Firefox (Any)
        • Safari (Mac)
        • Google Chrome (Any)
        • Many others
    • Search Engines
        • Essentially a program that sends out requests to the Internet for information, then returns that information in index form.
        • Proprietary: Searches are different for every search engine depending on their program
        • Search engines do not find the same information
    Navigating the Internet
  • 4.
    • Common things found in Web sites
        • URL screen
          • A URL is the address of a Web site. It shows where the site is located.
        • Menus
          • History
          • Bookmarks / Favorites
          • Find / Find of page
        • Search box
        • Ads
        • Main content
        • Additional menus
        • Examples
          • http://www.amazon.com/
          • http://www.newsweek.com/
    Navigating the Internet
  • 5. Navigating the Internet URL enter screen Advertisements Main Content Other options / Search Menu Find on a page Tabs History / bookmarks
  • 6.
    • Internet Safety
        • Maintain a healthy suspicion
          • Unknown email / spam
          • Purchasing things from unknown companies
          • Signing up for things / registering
          • “ Too good to be true” advertising
        • Cosider purchasing anti-virus software (Norton, McAfee, etc.)
        • Be involved with children’s Internet usage
        • More information:
          • Web Wise Kids
            • http://www.webwisekids.org/index.asp?page=parents
          • Microsoft’s Online Safety and Privacy Education
            • http://www.microsoft.com/protect/
          • Snopes (website dedicated to debunking online frauds, scams, etc.)
            • http://www.snopes.com/
    Navigating the Internet
  • 7.
    • General Search tips
        • Some search strategies are almost always useful
          • Different sites treat the same search actions differently
          • However, the same principals can be applied
        • Most search engines and databases have a <Help> option (When in doubt, check <help>!)
          • Usually located in one of the search engine’s menus
        • Try guessing the url (ex: www.microsoft.com )
        • Generally, more words used in a search give fewer results and less words give more results.
    • Additional Resources with search help
        • UC Berkley tutorial
          • http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/FindInfo.html
        • Pandia tutorial
          • http://www.pandia.com/goalgetter/
    Search Basics
  • 8.
    • Boolean Operators ( AND , OR , and NOT)
      • AND:
        • Limits the number of ‘hits’ (results) you receive
        • In many search sites, this is implied (if you type two or more words, it assumes you want x AND y AND z, etc.)
      • OR:
        • Increases the number of ‘hits’ you receive
        • Synonyms for words can be used
      • NOT:
        • Limits the number of ‘hits’ you receive
        • Useful for getting rid of words that have more than one meaning
        • Ex: Sun NOT Microsystems
        • Sometimes a (-) sign (like for Google)
    Advanced Search
  • 9.
    • Phrase Search
        • Usually quotation marks are used: “ “
        • Useful for a specific search (song lyrics, part of a poem, etc.)
        • Ex: “ fly me to the moon”
    • Truncation and Wildcards
        • Used as placeholders for additional characters - usually ( * )
        • Truncation = finds any characters that come after the placeholder
          • Ex: Red* --> red, reds, redwood, redding, etc .
        • Wildcards = finds different characters within a word
          • Ex: Wom*n --> woman, women
    • Stop Words
        • Small words that are used often
        • Some stop words include: and, the, a, not, to, be, etc.
          • Ex: Give me a cookie and Give me cookie would yield similar results
        • Most search engines and databases ingore these
    Advanced Search
  • 10.
    • Limiters
        • Most search engines and databases provide other ways to narrow your search
        • Often found under Advanced Search
        • Varies greatly!
      • Search limiters
        • Keyword (usually default)
        • Title
        • Author
        • Subject
        • Multiple search boxes
      • Other limiters
        • Date
        • Language
        • Type ( book, dvd, magazine, etc.) OR (web: .gov, .edu, .org)
      • Google Advanced Search
      • Wilson Select Plus
    Advanced Search
  • 11.
    • Search Engines
      • Popular Search engines
        • Google
        • Bing
        • Yahoo! Search
      • Meta search engines
        • Search multiple search engines at once
        • Not all search engines search the same information
        • Unique features
        • Popular Meta search engines
          • Dogpile
          • Clutsy
          • Surfwax
      • Skokie Public Library databases
        • Access to information not available for free on the Web
          • Business / company info
          • Scholarly articles
          • Geneology
          • And more
    Search Engines
    • http://www.searchengineoptimizationcompany.ca/Regina-SEO.html
  • 12. Search Engines
  • 13.
    • Google
        • By far the most used search site (76% of searches on the Internet are done using Google).
        • Simple one line search box
        • Phrase completion function
        • Did you mean function
        • I’m Feeling Lucky!
        • Other search options
          • Images, Videos, Maps, News, Shopping (limiters)
      • Search strategies
    Search Engines TYPE INCLUDED? HOW Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) Yes AND = [default] OR = OR (capitalized) NOT = [-] Phrase Search Yes Quotation marks [“ “] Wildcards / Truncation Some No truncation (Google automatically searches other endings) Wildcards = [*] Advanced search Yes Limit by Language, File type, Domain, etc.
  • 14. Search Engines
  • 15.
    • Bing (Microsoft’s latest search engine)
        • Starts out with a simple one box search, but becomes more complex
        • Phrase completion function
        • Web site review function
        • Related searches
        • Other search options
          • Images , Videos , Maps (localized), News, Shopping, History (limiters)
      • Search strategies
    Search Engines TYPE INCLUDED? HOW Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) Yes AND = [default] OR = OR (capitalized) NOT = NOT (capitalized) Phrase Search Yes Quotation marks [“ “] Wildcards / Truncation No No truncation or wildcard options Advanced search Yes Limit by Terms. [under Preferences] Domain, Country/Region, Language, Filter
  • 16. Search Engines
  • 17.
    • Yahoo! Search
        • Much more than a search engine ( search.yahoo.com for ONLY search)
        • Search Assist / Also try:
        • Sponsored results
        • Related searches
        • Other search options
          • Images, video, local, shopping, jobs, news , sports, weather, etc. (limiters)
      • Search strategies
    Search Engines TYPE INCLUDED? HOW Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) Yes AND = [default] OR = OR (capitalized) NOT = [-] Phrase Search Yes Quotation marks [“ “] Wildcards / Truncation No No truncation or wildcard options Advanced search Yes Limit by Terms, Last updated, Domain, Country, Language, Filter
  • 18. Meta Search Engines
  • 19.
    • Dogpile
        • Meta search engines search multiple other search sites
        • Simple one line search box
        • Phrase complete function
        • Did you mean function
        • Other search options
          • Images, video, news, white and yellow pages (limiters)
      • Search strategies
    Meta Search Engines TYPE INCLUDED? HOW Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) No * Advanced search terms function in a similar way Phrase Search No * Advanced search terms function in a similar way Wildcards / Truncation No No truncation or wildcard options Advanced search Yes Limit by Terms, Domain. [under preferences] Filter, Bold search terms, # displays
  • 20. Meta Search Engines
  • 21.
    • Clutsy
        • Simple one line search box
        • Clusters function (groups results into subjects)
        • Sources and Sites function
        • Did you mean function
        • Other search options
          • News, Images, Wikipedia, Blogs , Jobs (limiters)
      • Search strategies
    MetaSearch Engines TYPE INCLUDED? HOW Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) Yes AND = [default] OR = OR (capitalized) NOT = [-] Phrase Search Yes Quotation marks [“ “] Wildcards / Truncation No No truncation or wildcard options Advanced search Yes Limit by Host (domain), Language, Type, # Results in a Cluster, Filter
  • 22. Other Search Sites
  • 23. Other Search Sites
  • 24. Other Search Sites
  • 25.
    • Surfwax (meta search engine)
        • Can view contents of your search in a sidebar (Snap)
        • Is very cluttered / complex
        • Can broaden or narrow your search (Focus)
        • Sort by and results functions
        • Useful if you are ‘browsing’ the Web without a clear topic
    • Wikipedia (online encyclopedia)
        • Encyclopedia in which anyone can edit content
          • Vast amount of information on practically any subject
          • Reliability somewhat in question
          • List of references
        • Best if you are looking for specific information or as a place to start a search
        • Useful if you are ‘browsing’ the Web without a clear topic
    • YouTube (videos posted by anyone)
        • Video of practically anything you can think of
        • Anyone can post a video clip
        • Difficult to find information. Cluttered.
    • Many others
        • Just search the words “ search engines” in your favorite search
    Other Search Sites
  • 26. Skokie Public Library Databases
  • 27.
    • Benefits of using SPL’s Databases
        • Access to unavailable information
            • A lot of information on the web is not available for free
            • Search engines don’t look through every web page
        • Often more reliable than free Internet information
        • Usually up-to-date
        • Organized
        • FREE for Skokie Public Library cardholders
    Skokie Public Library Databases
  • 28.
    • Where do I find these databases?
    • Library Web Site ( http://www. skokielibrary .info/ )
      • Research & Homework
        • The Answer
        • Articles from magazines and newspapers
        • Databases A to Z
        • Homework help for teens
        • Homework help for kids
        • Resources by subject
      • Library Catalog (AquaBrowser)
        • Find books
          • By location
          • Refine search by subject, type, Language, etc.
          • By “Cloud”
    Skokie Public Library Databases Image: http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://riverdaughter.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/question-mark-button-thumb30497471.jpg&imgrefurl=http://riverdaughter.wordpress.com/2009/11/14/debate-club-the-use-of-animals-for-testing/&usg=__poR4G4tlC5aLEMgE2-nKoVUrEuE=&h=303&w=300&sz=27&hl=en&start=3&itbs=1&tbnid=y5MtNIb-lH31JM
  • 29.
    • Some Popular Databases at the Library
      • Ancestry Library Edition
      • Britanica Online
      • Career Help
      • eLibrary
      • ERIC
      • Factiva
      • Gale - Virtual Reference Library / General One File
      • Home Improvement Reference Center
    Skokie Public Library Databases
    • Hoovers
    • Live Homework Help
    • Novelist
    • ReferenceUSA
    • Skokie Review
    • Wilson Select Plus
    • WorldCat
  • 30. Remember : A librarian will be happy to help you if you have questions! Phone: 847.673.3733 Email, Instant message, or set up an appointment: http://ask.skokielibrary.info The reference desk at the library is located on the 2 nd floor.