Grammar (articles ) notes 1

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Grammar (articles ) notes 1

  1. 1. <ul><li>ARTICLES </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>A is used to show singular in number before words beginning with a consonant sound ( b,c,d,f,g,etc ) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>A boy </li></ul><ul><li>cat </li></ul><ul><li>duck </li></ul><ul><li>fan </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>girl </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>kite </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>lorry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>mouse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>letter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>queen </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>rat </li></ul><ul><li>soap </li></ul><ul><li>toy </li></ul><ul><li>university </li></ul><ul><li>van </li></ul><ul><li>watch </li></ul><ul><li>year </li></ul><ul><li>zoo </li></ul>
  5. 5. NOTE : “ University” is used with “a “ because it begins with a “y” sound .
  6. 6. <ul><li>An is used to show singular in number before words beginning with a vowel sound ( a, e, i,o,u ) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>An ant </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accident </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elephant </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Egg </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ice-cube </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Iron </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Owl </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Orange </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Umbrella </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uncle </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>NOTE: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hour “ and “honour “ are used with “an “ because they begin with an “o “sound. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>We do not use a or an before </li></ul><ul><li>Plural nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Bags, cages, houses , ships , books </li></ul><ul><li>Uncountable nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar , milk , oil , ice , water </li></ul><ul><li>Names of people and places </li></ul><ul><li>Basri , Serdang , Jalan Raja Laut , Morib </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The is used </li></ul><ul><li>to refer to a person or thing that is mentioned a second time </li></ul><ul><li>I bought a book. The book cost ten ringgit </li></ul><ul><li>He has a car. The car is old </li></ul><ul><li>We have a big house. The house is big </li></ul><ul><li>The boys have a ball. The ball is round. </li></ul><ul><li>I have a towel. The towel isgreen in colour. </li></ul><ul><li>My father has a car. The car is parked in the garage. </li></ul><ul><li>The man is fierce . The man`is tall. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>To refer to a particular person or thing </li></ul><ul><li>The man who spoke to you </li></ul><ul><li>The soup she made </li></ul><ul><li>To refer to a place or thing where there is only one </li></ul><ul><li>The moon, sun, earth, sky </li></ul><ul><li>To show comparison before adjectives in the superlative form </li></ul><ul><li>The best, tallest, biggest, richest, </li></ul><ul><li>Before names of certain countries </li></ul><ul><li>The United States of America, indian ocean </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Put “ a ” or “ an “ before the following words. </li></ul><ul><li>1……axe 2. ….. hospital </li></ul><ul><li>3……owl 4 …… tiger </li></ul><ul><li>5……eagle 6 ....... mosque </li></ul><ul><li>7……horse 8……. carrot </li></ul><ul><li>9……computer 10. …..Island </li></ul><ul><li>11. …ear 12……valley </li></ul><ul><li>13…..umbrella 14. …..printer </li></ul><ul><li>15. …hook 16. …..old woman </li></ul><ul><li>17. …skirt 18. …. mynah </li></ul><ul><li>19… European 20……honest man </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Fill the blanks with “a” , “an”, or “the”. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Hong Kong is ….. island. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Laura is ….. name of a girl. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Hock Weng is ….. intelligent boy. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Can I have ….. egg sandwich? </li></ul><ul><li>5. ….. banana is a kind of fruit. </li></ul><ul><li>6. There is ….. book in the drawer. </li></ul><ul><li>7. I would like ….. cup of tea, please. </li></ul><ul><li>8. My mother waters the plants once ….. day. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Aileen plucked ….. apple from the tree. </li></ul><ul><li>10. He is from ….. Singapore. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>11. Raj is ….. most intelligent of the three boys. </li></ul><ul><li>12. Pak Hussein is ….. honest man. </li></ul><ul><li>13. It was ….. most boring film I had ever seen. </li></ul><ul><li>14. The turtle is …. reptile. </li></ul><ul><li>15. The plane will depart in ….. hour’s time. </li></ul><ul><li>16. Please do not take ….. pen on the desk. </li></ul><ul><li>17. She switched off ….. fan in the room. </li></ul><ul><li>18. Brian bought ….. box of chocolates for his mother. </li></ul><ul><li>19. Father takes …. dog out for a walk every evening. </li></ul><ul><li>20. Look out! ….. car is coming our way. It looks like ….. driver is drunk! </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Fill in the blanks using “a”, “an” or “the “.Put a ”-” where no article is necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Every day, Amaluddin takes ….. bus to school. His school is near ….. post office. Every morning, Amaluddin would walk to ….. bus-stop to wait for …… bus. His friends, Sarah and Satvinder, would also be waiting there. Beside …..bus-stop is ….. small fruit shop. Amaluddin would buy ….. apple to take to ….. school. ….. girl by the name of Hazirah works at the fruit stall. She is …….. daughter of Encik Hairuddin. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Fill in the blanks with the correct words. </li></ul><ul><li>( a , an , the , __ ) </li></ul><ul><li>I can see ….. owl sitting on the roof of our house. </li></ul><ul><li>. . . . . hibiscus is the national flower of Malaysia </li></ul><ul><li>It is ….. honour to receive a prize from the king. </li></ul><ul><li>We heard ….. explosion in that factory. </li></ul><ul><li>Mother used ….. mortar and pestle to pound some chilies. </li></ul><ul><li>During ….. emergency, we should not panic. </li></ul><ul><li>The moon reflects light from ….. sun. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>8. ….. pupils cannot go to school because it is flooded. </li></ul><ul><li>9. This is ….. useless typewriter. I cannot type anything with it. </li></ul><ul><li>10. This is ….. longest procession I have ever seen </li></ul><ul><li>11. Anand goes to …. City Hall library to borrow storybooks. </li></ul><ul><li>12. I am going to meet Najmi for ….. game of chess this evening. </li></ul><ul><li>13. Beijing is …… capital of china. </li></ul><ul><li>14. Rajiv saw ….. accident between a bus and a car this morning. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>15. The wau is ….. traditional Kelantanese kite. </li></ul><ul><li>16. My uncle bought ….. used car from that shop. </li></ul><ul><li>17. Pulau Pinang is known as ….. Pearl of the Orient. </li></ul><ul><li>18. Jalil has ….. European pen pal. </li></ul><ul><li>19. ….. best performer was awarded five thousand ringgit. </li></ul><ul><li>20. ……. radio on that cabinet is mine. </li></ul><ul><li>21. Don’t drink …. tea in that flask. </li></ul><ul><li>22. The sick boy was sent to ….. Sihat Medical Centre. </li></ul>

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