Be used sparingly in formal writing May replace commas, semicolons, colons and parentheses Be used to: Add emphasis Indicate an interruption Show an abrupt change in thought
You are the friend—the only friend—who offered to help me. Never have I met such a lovely person— before you. I pay the bills—she has all the fun. I need three items at the store—dog food, vegetarian chili, and cheddar cheese. My agreement with Fiona is clear—she teaches me French, and I teach her German. Please call my agent—Jessica Cohen—about hiring me. I wish you would—oh, nevermind.
He—my ex-boyfriend—told a fallacious story about me, which is why we broke up.
Mrs. Lurkins informed the student, “I think we are at an impasse—you clearly won’t admit this paper is plagiarized.”
Iunderstand why you are berating me—I was supposed to be home an hour ago.
Myentire family suffered from the flu last week. We had every symptom in the book— nausea, stomach pains, fever, and vertigo!
Tom Brady has been zealous year after year in his pursuit of greatness. Unfortunately, so has one other player—Eli Manning.