skimminglight.netThe Cloud1/7824 June 2013The Internet & The CloudSocio-EconomicImpact on Citizens
skimminglight.netThe Cloud2/7824 June 2013> OverviewThe CloudCitizens ControlCensorshipSurveillanceConclusion
skimminglight.netThe Cloud3/7824 June 2013> OverviewThe CloudCitizens ControlCensorshipSurveillanceConclusion
skimminglight.netThe Cloud4/7824 June 2013Definition● No longer local– Software, data, music, ...– Services in data center...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud5/7824 June 2013...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud6/7824 June 2013A data center
skimminglight.netThe Cloud7/7824 June 2013More than just a buzz-wordRather a paradigm shift
skimminglight.netThe Cloud8/7824 June 2013> OverviewThe CloudCitizens ControlCensorshipSurveillanceConclusion
skimminglight.netThe Cloud9/7824 June 2013Ownership● Digitalization of goods● From product to service– Subscription-based●...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud10/7824 June 2013Terms of Use● Arbitrariness– Changes possible– E.g. privacy policy Facebook● Ex...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud11/7824 June 2013Privacy● Enormous profiling– Surfing behavior– Social trail● Targeted publicity...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud12/7824 June 2013Filter Bubble● Priority to what might interest you– Based on personal profile● ...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud13/7824 June 2013Summary (1/2)>> You own nothing <<>> Take it or leave it <<>> You are the produ...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud14/7824 June 2013Summary (2/2)● Further concentration ofeconomic power↔ democracy↔ citizen
skimminglight.netThe Cloud15/7824 June 2013> OverviewThe CloudCitizens ControlCensorshipSurveillanceConclusion
skimminglight.netThe Cloud16/7824 June 2013The cloud is good for you“The Internet and in particular free cloudservices suc...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud17/7824 June 2013
skimminglight.netThe Cloud18/7824 June 2013
skimminglight.netThe Cloud19/7824 June 2013
skimminglight.netThe Cloud20/7824 June 2013Greece, 2013
skimminglight.netThe Cloud21/7824 June 2013Turkish protests 2013http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/jun/04/turkish-p...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud22/7824 June 2013In times of social stability, a high degree offreedom is tolerated. However, wh...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud23/7824 June 2013And not only governmentsapply censorship...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud24/7824 June 2013● Twitter applies country-specific censorship policy● Facebook censorscovers De...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud25/7824 June 2013The censorship policy of cloudproviders can be quite selective
skimminglight.netThe Cloud26/7824 June 2013
skimminglight.netThe Cloud27/7824 June 2013● Gay parties● Lingerie shops● Fascist ideas
skimminglight.netThe Cloud28/7824 June 2013Summary● Censorship by– Governments● Undemocratic– Cloud-providers● Totally und...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud29/7824 June 2013> OverviewThe CloudCitizens ControlCensorshipSurveillanceConclusion
skimminglight.netThe Cloud30/7824 June 2013US Legislation● FISA– Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act● Patriot Act– Anti-...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud31/7824 June 2013Significantly reduced restrictions in lawenforcement agencies gathering of inte...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud32/7824 June 2013http://www.wcl.american.edu/hrbrief/09/1focus.cfmhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud33/7824 June 2013Legislation● Anti-terror legislation in many countries– France, Germany, UK, Be...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud34/7824 June 2013And this legislation is applied massively...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud35/7824 June 20139 November 2005http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2005-11-09/the-patriot-act-b...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud36/7824 June 2013http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/23/washington/23intel.html“Data from the Brussel...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud37/7824 June 2013http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/06/nsa-phone-records-verizon-court-ord...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud38/7824 June 2013http://www.washingtonpost.com/investigations/us-intelligence-mining-data-from-n...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud39/7824 June 2013The PRISM Case
skimminglight.netThe Cloud40/7824 June 2013National Security Agency (NSA)US Secret ServicePart of US armyCollection and an...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud41/7824 June 2013NSA HQ
skimminglight.netThe Cloud42/7824 June 2013The leaked slides
skimminglight.netThe Cloud43/7824 June 2013
skimminglight.netThe Cloud44/7824 June 2013
skimminglight.netThe Cloud45/7824 June 2013
skimminglight.netThe Cloud46/7824 June 2013
skimminglight.netThe Cloud47/7824 June 2013
skimminglight.netThe Cloud51/7824 June 2013The Utah Data Center
skimminglight.netThe Cloud52/7824 June 2013Utah Data Center“The Spy Center”Property AmountOwner NSA(National Security Agen...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud54/7824 June 2013March 2012
skimminglight.netThe Cloud55/7824 June 2013March 2012
skimminglight.netThe Cloud56/7824 June 2013http://www.spiegel.de/fotostrecke/utah-die-nsa-und-ihr-mammut-datencenter-fotos...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud57/7824 June 2013Obama reassures
skimminglight.netThe Cloud58/7824 June 2013“Not only is Congress fully apprised of it, but whatis also true is that the Fi...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud59/7824 June 2013http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/20/fisa-court-nsa-without-warrant“The ...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud60/7824 June 2013http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/20/fisa-court-nsa-without-warrant“But ...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud61/7824 June 2013http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1266777/exclusive-snowden-safe-hong-...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud62/7824 June 20131. www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/07/obama-administration-nsa-prism-revelati...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud63/7824 June 2013To Sum Up● Acess to data– In rest & in transit● Scale– Unclear– Much power & fr...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud65/7824 June 2013Other countries
skimminglight.netThe Cloud66/7824 June 2013http://reuters.tumblr.com/post/5281752110881m63m63m314m80m23m1205m199m22m61mhtt...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud67/7824 June 2013UK Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ)
skimminglight.netThe Cloud68/7824 June 2013“GCHQ has secretly gained access to thenetwork of cables which carry the worlds...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud69/7824 June 2013“[The] ambition is reflected in the titles [...]:Mastering the Internet and Glo...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud70/7824 June 2013“[Storage] of data drawn from fibre-opticcables for up to 30 days so that it ca...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud72/7824 June 2013Other thingswe dont know about?
skimminglight.netThe Cloud73/7824 June 2013> OverviewThe CloudCitizens ControlCensorshipSurveillanceConclusion
skimminglight.netThe Cloud74/7824 June 2013Erich Mielke,Minister Staatssicherheit (Stasi)from 1957 until 1989in the former...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud75/7824 June 2013IncreasedcensorshipLoss ofcitizens controlIncreasedsurveillanceWeakeningdemocra...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud76/7824 June 2013...Put underdemocratic control(including the Internetcommunication infrastructu...
skimminglight.netThe Cloud77/7824 June 2013Special thanks toEdward SnowdenWho made anenormous sacrifice
skimminglight.netThe Cloud78/7824 June 2013For more informationwww.skimminglight.netThe Internet & The Cloud – Socio-Econo...
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The Internet & The Cloud - Socio-economic Impact on Citizens

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The cloud is affecting our lifes in a profound way. This presentation elaborates on three interconnected aspects: the loss of control of the citizen, the increasing censorship and the increasing surveillance. Given the recent disclosures, the presentation elaborates in particular on the NSA's PRISM surveillance program.

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The Internet & The Cloud - Socio-economic Impact on Citizens

  1. 1. skimminglight.netThe Cloud1/7824 June 2013The Internet & The CloudSocio-EconomicImpact on Citizens
  2. 2. skimminglight.netThe Cloud2/7824 June 2013> OverviewThe CloudCitizens ControlCensorshipSurveillanceConclusion
  3. 3. skimminglight.netThe Cloud3/7824 June 2013> OverviewThe CloudCitizens ControlCensorshipSurveillanceConclusion
  4. 4. skimminglight.netThe Cloud4/7824 June 2013Definition● No longer local– Software, data, music, ...– Services in data centers● Utility Service– Like gas, electricity, …● Flexibility– Pay-Per-Use– Elasticity– Quick provisioning● Ubiquitous– Wherever you want– Whatever device
  5. 5. skimminglight.netThe Cloud5/7824 June 2013...
  6. 6. skimminglight.netThe Cloud6/7824 June 2013A data center
  7. 7. skimminglight.netThe Cloud7/7824 June 2013More than just a buzz-wordRather a paradigm shift
  8. 8. skimminglight.netThe Cloud8/7824 June 2013> OverviewThe CloudCitizens ControlCensorshipSurveillanceConclusion
  9. 9. skimminglight.netThe Cloud9/7824 June 2013Ownership● Digitalization of goods● From product to service– Subscription-based● In particular– Books, magazines,– Movies, music, television– Software>> You own nothing <<
  10. 10. skimminglight.netThe Cloud10/7824 June 2013Terms of Use● Arbitrariness– Changes possible– E.g. privacy policy Facebook● Example: Linn Jordet Nygaard– Amazon removed bookswithout prior warning● Army of advocates– SMEs cannot win– Even if cloud provider did not meet SLAs>> Take it or leave it <<You
  11. 11. skimminglight.netThe Cloud11/7824 June 2013Privacy● Enormous profiling– Surfing behavior– Social trail● Targeted publicity– Stimulate consumption● Incertainty– Deleted vs. Invisible– What in case of leakage?>> You are the product <<
  12. 12. skimminglight.netThe Cloud12/7824 June 2013Filter Bubble● Priority to what might interest you– Based on personal profile● Protected from– New ideas– Potentially interesting info>> They determine what you see <<
  13. 13. skimminglight.netThe Cloud13/7824 June 2013Summary (1/2)>> You own nothing <<>> Take it or leave it <<>> You are the product <<>> They determine what you see <<
  14. 14. skimminglight.netThe Cloud14/7824 June 2013Summary (2/2)● Further concentration ofeconomic power↔ democracy↔ citizen
  15. 15. skimminglight.netThe Cloud15/7824 June 2013> OverviewThe CloudCitizens ControlCensorshipSurveillanceConclusion
  16. 16. skimminglight.netThe Cloud16/7824 June 2013The cloud is good for you“The Internet and in particular free cloudservices such as Twitter, Youtube andFacebook democratized media. Everyonecan become news producer and consumethe news he selects. The hegemony ofthe large media corporations is finallybroken.”I l l u s i o n
  17. 17. skimminglight.netThe Cloud17/7824 June 2013
  18. 18. skimminglight.netThe Cloud18/7824 June 2013
  19. 19. skimminglight.netThe Cloud19/7824 June 2013
  20. 20. skimminglight.netThe Cloud20/7824 June 2013Greece, 2013
  21. 21. skimminglight.netThe Cloud21/7824 June 2013Turkish protests 2013http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/jun/04/turkish-protestors-encryption-software-evade-censorshttp://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/02/turkish-protesters-control-istanbul-square"There is now a menace which is calledTwitter. The best examples of lies can befound there. To me, social media is theworst menace to society."Recep Tayyip ErdoğanPrime minister of Turkey
  22. 22. skimminglight.netThe Cloud22/7824 June 2013In times of social stability, a high degree offreedom is tolerated. However, whentensions in society increase, governmentseasily resort to Internet censorship.(And we are not only talking about countries with a badreputation regarding freedom of the press)
  23. 23. skimminglight.netThe Cloud23/7824 June 2013And not only governmentsapply censorship...
  24. 24. skimminglight.netThe Cloud24/7824 June 2013● Twitter applies country-specific censorship policy● Facebook censorscovers De Morgen● Facebook censorslingerie shops● Facebook sensorsgay-parties● ...
  25. 25. skimminglight.netThe Cloud25/7824 June 2013The censorship policy of cloudproviders can be quite selective
  26. 26. skimminglight.netThe Cloud26/7824 June 2013
  27. 27. skimminglight.netThe Cloud27/7824 June 2013● Gay parties● Lingerie shops● Fascist ideas
  28. 28. skimminglight.netThe Cloud28/7824 June 2013Summary● Censorship by– Governments● Undemocratic– Cloud-providers● Totally undemocratic● Dominance cloud-providers → high impact● Social instability → probability censorship>> We cannot rely on the Interneton crucial moments <<
  29. 29. skimminglight.netThe Cloud29/7824 June 2013> OverviewThe CloudCitizens ControlCensorshipSurveillanceConclusion
  30. 30. skimminglight.netThe Cloud30/7824 June 2013US Legislation● FISA– Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act● Patriot Act– Anti-terrorism– Surveillance & Detention
  31. 31. skimminglight.netThe Cloud31/7824 June 2013Significantly reduced restrictions in lawenforcement agencies gathering of intelligencewithin the US (FBI, NSA, etc.)Applies on US territory & US companies (Evenoutside the US)
  32. 32. skimminglight.netThe Cloud32/7824 June 2013http://www.wcl.american.edu/hrbrief/09/1focus.cfmhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patriot_ActUp to 7 days without charging suspects witha crime.Aliens charged with a crime: up to 6 month.This can be prolonged (cfr. GuantanamoBay)
  33. 33. skimminglight.netThe Cloud33/7824 June 2013Legislation● Anti-terror legislation in many countries– France, Germany, UK, Belgium, …– Especially since September 2001>> Legislation being developedwhich underminessocial achievements / democracy <<
  34. 34. skimminglight.netThe Cloud34/7824 June 2013And this legislation is applied massively...
  35. 35. skimminglight.netThe Cloud35/7824 June 20139 November 2005http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2005-11-09/the-patriot-act-business-balks“Fearing a terrorist attack, the FBI descended oncasinos, car rental agencies, storage warehouses,and other Las Vegas businesses with sheaves of"national security letters" demanding financial recordscovering about 1 million revelers. Startled businessowners who questioned the action were told they hadone choice: cough up their documents or wind upin court.”
  36. 36. skimminglight.netThe Cloud36/7824 June 2013http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/23/washington/23intel.html“Data from the Brussels-based bankingconsortium, formally known as the Society forWorldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication,has allowed officials from the C.I.A., the FederalBureau of Investigation and other agencies toexamine "tens of thousands" of financialtransactions, Mr. Levey said.”
  37. 37. skimminglight.netThe Cloud37/7824 June 2013http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/06/nsa-phone-records-verizon-court-order“The National Security Agency is currentlycollecting the telephone records of millionsof US customers of Verizon, one ofAmericas largest telecoms providers, under atop secret court order issued in April.The order, a copy of which has been obtainedby the Guardian, requires Verizon on an"ongoing, daily basis" to give the NSAinformation on all telephone calls in itssystems, both within the US and between theUS and other countries.”6 June 2013
  38. 38. skimminglight.netThe Cloud38/7824 June 2013http://www.washingtonpost.com/investigations/us-intelligence-mining-data-from-nine-us-internet-companies-in-broad-secret-program/2013/06/06/3a0c0da8-cebf-11e2-8845-d970ccb04497_story.html?hpid=z17 June 2013Lets have a look at this case...
  39. 39. skimminglight.netThe Cloud39/7824 June 2013The PRISM Case
  40. 40. skimminglight.netThe Cloud40/7824 June 2013National Security Agency (NSA)US Secret ServicePart of US armyCollection and analysis of electronic/digitalcommunications, both foreign an nationalFounded in 1952 without consent of CongressExistence long time deniedStaff: 35000 – 55000Budget: 8 – 10 billion $
  41. 41. skimminglight.netThe Cloud41/7824 June 2013NSA HQ
  42. 42. skimminglight.netThe Cloud42/7824 June 2013The leaked slides
  43. 43. skimminglight.netThe Cloud43/7824 June 2013
  44. 44. skimminglight.netThe Cloud44/7824 June 2013
  45. 45. skimminglight.netThe Cloud45/7824 June 2013
  46. 46. skimminglight.netThe Cloud46/7824 June 2013
  47. 47. skimminglight.netThe Cloud47/7824 June 2013
  48. 48. skimminglight.netThe Cloud51/7824 June 2013The Utah Data Center
  49. 49. skimminglight.netThe Cloud52/7824 June 2013Utah Data Center“The Spy Center”Property AmountOwner NSA(National Security Agency)Construction period Sept. 2010 – Sept. 2013Price 2 billion $(excl. Hardware, software & maintenanceSurface 93000-140.000m²3thbiggest data center worldwideRequired Power 65 MegawattsStorage capacity Order of yottabytes(1 yottabyte = 1 billion terabytes)
  50. 50. skimminglight.netThe Cloud54/7824 June 2013March 2012
  51. 51. skimminglight.netThe Cloud55/7824 June 2013March 2012
  52. 52. skimminglight.netThe Cloud56/7824 June 2013http://www.spiegel.de/fotostrecke/utah-die-nsa-und-ihr-mammut-datencenter-fotostrecke-97676-3.html
  53. 53. skimminglight.netThe Cloud57/7824 June 2013Obama reassures
  54. 54. skimminglight.netThe Cloud58/7824 June 2013“Not only is Congress fully apprised of it, but whatis also true is that the Fisa court has to authorizeit.What you have is two programs that wereoriginally authorized by Congress, have beenrepeatedly authorized... Congress iscontinuously briefed, there are whole layers ofsafeguards involved.Weve also set up an audit process... after thefact, making absolutely certain that all thesafeguards are being properly observed."http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/07/obama-administration-nsa-prism-revelations-live“[PRISM] does not apply to US citizens and doesnot apply to people living in the United States."
  55. 55. skimminglight.netThe Cloud59/7824 June 2013http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/20/fisa-court-nsa-without-warrant“The broad scope of the court orders, and the natureof the procedures set out in the documents, appear toclash with assurances from President Obama andsenior intelligence officials that the NSA could notaccess Americans call or email informationwithout warrants.”“In practice, much of the decision-making appearsto lie with NSA analysts, rather than the Fisa courtor senior officials.”
  56. 56. skimminglight.netThe Cloud60/7824 June 2013http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/20/fisa-court-nsa-without-warrant“But except when a US citizen is specifically targeted,the court orders used by the NSA to obtain [onlinecommunications] as part of Prism are these generalFAA orders, not individualized warrants specific toany individual.Once armed with these general orders, the NSA isempowered to compel telephone and internetcompanies to turn over to it the communicationsof any individual identified by the NSA. ”
  57. 57. skimminglight.netThe Cloud61/7824 June 2013http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1266777/exclusive-snowden-safe-hong-kong-more-us-cyberspying-details-revealed“US spies are hacking into Chinese mobile phonecompanies to steal text messages and attackingthe servers at Tsinghua University, EdwardSnowden has told the Sunday Morning Post.”
  58. 58. skimminglight.netThe Cloud62/7824 June 20131. www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/07/obama-administration-nsa-prism-revelations-liveWhen you actuallylook at the details,I think weve struckthe right balance.1
  59. 59. skimminglight.netThe Cloud63/7824 June 2013To Sum Up● Acess to data– In rest & in transit● Scale– Unclear– Much power & freedom to NSA● Clear direction– Obama extends surveillance of predecessor– Growing Capabilities (technology & legal)● More revelations?
  60. 60. skimminglight.netThe Cloud65/7824 June 2013Other countries
  61. 61. skimminglight.netThe Cloud66/7824 June 2013http://reuters.tumblr.com/post/5281752110881m63m63m314m80m23m1205m199m22m61mhttp://reuters.tumblr.com/post/52817521108Proportionally, US is not on topData Accuracy?Penetration of these services variespopulation
  62. 62. skimminglight.netThe Cloud67/7824 June 2013UK Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ)
  63. 63. skimminglight.netThe Cloud68/7824 June 2013“GCHQ has secretly gained access to thenetwork of cables which carry the worldsphone calls and internet traffic and has startedto process vast streams of sensitive personalinformation which it is sharing with the NSA”http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2013/jun/21/gchq-cables-secret-world-communications-nsaSnowden "They [GCHQ] are worse than the US."
  64. 64. skimminglight.netThe Cloud69/7824 June 2013“[The] ambition is reflected in the titles [...]:Mastering the Internet and Global TelecomsExploitation, aimed at scooping up as muchonline and telephone traffic as possible. This is allbeing carried out without any form of publicacknowledgement or debate.”http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2013/jun/21/gchq-cables-secret-world-communications-nsa
  65. 65. skimminglight.netThe Cloud70/7824 June 2013“[Storage] of data drawn from fibre-opticcables for up to 30 days so that it can besifted and analysed. That operation,codenamed Tempora, has been running forsome 18 months.”http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2013/jun/21/gchq-cables-secret-world-communications-nsa“This includes recordings of phone calls,the content of email messages, entries onFacebook and the history of any internetusers access to websites [...]”
  66. 66. skimminglight.netThe Cloud72/7824 June 2013Other thingswe dont know about?
  67. 67. skimminglight.netThe Cloud73/7824 June 2013> OverviewThe CloudCitizens ControlCensorshipSurveillanceConclusion
  68. 68. skimminglight.netThe Cloud74/7824 June 2013Erich Mielke,Minister Staatssicherheit (Stasi)from 1957 until 1989in the former GDRGeorge Orwell,Author of 1984Would have been inspiring to...And many more...
  69. 69. skimminglight.netThe Cloud75/7824 June 2013IncreasedcensorshipLoss ofcitizens controlIncreasedsurveillanceWeakeningdemocracy& risingtensionsContributes torequiresrequiresamplifiesfacilitatesfacilitatesEconomicdeclineNationalistrethoricOpeness forAcceptance ofCyber war/espionageContributesto
  70. 70. skimminglight.netThe Cloud76/7824 June 2013...Put underdemocratic control(including the Internetcommunication infrastructure &related institutions)
  71. 71. skimminglight.netThe Cloud77/7824 June 2013Special thanks toEdward SnowdenWho made anenormous sacrifice
  72. 72. skimminglight.netThe Cloud78/7824 June 2013For more informationwww.skimminglight.netThe Internet & The Cloud – Socio-Economic Implications on CitizensCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

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