National heritage and famous people Hungary


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National heritage and famous people Hungary

  1. 1. National heritage and famous people Hungary
  2. 2. Hungarian world heritage sites Cultural • Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue (1987) • Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs (Sopianae) (2000) • Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape (2001) • Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta (1999) • Millenary Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma and its Natural Environment (1996) • Old Village of Hollókő and its Surroundings (1987) • Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape (2002) Natural • Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst (1995)
  3. 3. Christian crypts, Pécs: The predecessor of Pécs called Sopianae, which was part of the Roman empire, built numerous chapels, graves and mausolueums in the IV. century. The crypts are partly on the surface and partly underground. These Christian remains are the most important ones besides Italy.
  4. 4. Pécs: European Capital of Culture, 2010 Mosque of Kasim pasha
  5. 5. Zsolnay negyed
  6. 6. Zsolnay Vilmos April 19. 1828, Pécs – March 23. 1900, Pécs He took over the family’s factory in 1853. He thought it was important to develop new ceramics. He was the first who used pyrogranite to decorate buildings and the first whose factory used eosin glaze on ornaments.
  7. 7. Stalactite cave, Aggtelek: One of Europe’s biggest stalactite cave is Cave Bardla in Aggtelek. According to scientists this place is one of the Earth’s greatest geographical phenomena. Its Hungarian section is 17 kilometer long. The whole cave has 3 entrances.
  8. 8. The concert room
  9. 9. The Stalactite Cave belongs to the National Park of Aggtelek. The park’s symbol is a spotted salamander, which you can see all around the park’s territory.
  10. 10. Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie von Wittelsbach - Sisi December 24. 1837., München – September 10. 1898.,Genf Empress of Austria, Queen of Hungary, wife of Ferenc József. Before their marriage she had to learn the history of Austria and the royal etiquette. She heard the first hungarian words from her teacher, Majláth János. In 1863 she decided to learn the hungarian language. She was good friends with earl Andrássy Gyula. Her 4th child Mária Valéria was born is the Castle of Buda. She visited Hungary several times. Her last visit was in 1896 during the festivity of Millenium.
  11. 11. Andrássy avenue and Heroes’ square, Budapest: It is said to be the Champs-Elysées in Budapest. Its architect Ybl Miklós was asked to design an avenue which is worthy for the Heroes’ square. Going through the avenue we can see residences lining up next to each other for more than a kilometer long.
  12. 12. Ybl Miklós was one of the biggest architect in the XIX. Century and a significant representative of historicism in Europe. The whole avenue is 2310 meter long.
  13. 13. Octogon
  14. 14. The avenue’s inner part’s most valuable building is the Palace of the Hungarian State Opera House which was also designed by Ybl Miklós. It was built in Neo Renaissance style.
  15. 15. Academy of Music
  16. 16. Heroes’ square
  17. 17. Wekerle Sándor prime minister entrusted Zala György and Schikendanz Albert to design the Hero’s square. In the middle you can see the Millenium memorial monument with Gábriel archangel on top of the pillar. On the pedestal Lord Árpád with Tétény, Ond Kond, Tas Huba and Előd. Left peristyle: St. István, St. László, Könyves Kálmán , II. András, IV. Béla, Károly Róbert, Nagy Lajos Right peristyle: Hunyadi János, King Mátyás, Bocskai István, Bethlen Gábor, Thököly Imre, II. Rákóczi Ferenc
  18. 18. Árpád Tétény, Ond, Kond Előd, Huba Tas
  19. 19. St. István Gábriel archangel
  20. 20. Saint István 970 or 980, Esztergom – August 15. 1038. He was the first hungarian king. His coronation: December of 1000. or January of 1001. During his reign he merged the hungarian tribes into a unified Christian kingdom. He established the hungarian Christian church and the hungarian state system. Every year we celebrate István’s canonization as a saint at 20th of August. Hungarian Holy Crown
  21. 21. Hunyadi Mátyás February 23. 1443., Kolozsvár – April 6. 1490., Vienna He was reigning between 1458 and 1490. He was fond of art, science and occultizm. One of his court’s returning guest was Janus Pannonius the first significant hungarian poet. In this era Mátyás had the second biggest library with 2000-2500 books which we call corvinák. He brought Renaissance into the kingdom. His army was the first permanent hungarian mercenary army the Black army. This army counted 163.000 best trained soldier. This army was the base of his centralised royal power.
  22. 22. Tokaj-hegyaljai borvidék
  23. 23. Tokaj was first mentioned in 1353 as a settlement. After 1450 Tokaj was property of the Hunyadi family. After world war II. its development slowed down, but in 1986 it started to develop dynamically again. The Tokaji aszú is a dessert wine, wine specialty. It’s made with a century-old unique technology. They harvest the botrytised grapes in late autumn then start the special wine making process.
  24. 24. Inventors Vitamin C : Szent-Györgyi Albert Chlorine disinfection: Semmelweis Ignác Match: Irinyi János Ballpoint pen: Bíró László József Soda, dynamo: Jedlik Ányos Coloured TV: Goldmark Péter János First TV channel: Mihály Dénes Béres-csepp : Béres József Semi-automatic camera: Mihály József, Riszdorfer Ödön Nuclear bomb: Szilárd Leó, Wigner Jenő, Teller Ede Rubik’s cube: Rubik Ernő
  25. 25. Hollókő Hollókő is known for its unique architecture and traditional clothing and customs. Hollókő is still inhabited. It was declared national heritage in 1987.
  26. 26. Easter watering