Author: M Image Source The moon looks different each time you see it. Did you know the moon has a name for each "shape" or phase it goes through? You will also learn about what happens so that we have the different phases of the moon and how it works.
What the moon’s phases look like What the phases are called Why the moon has phases Lunar and solar eclipses Author: Exsodus Image Source
Some people long ago, used to keep track of the days by looking at the moon. They could estimate how many days it had been by comparing the moon to other nights. Knowing the moons phases and "routines" also lets us know when there are going to be solar or lunar eclipses (because people like to watch them).
Why does the moon have phases?
New Moon: This starts the moon’s cycle. You can’t see a new moon because the sun’s rays cannot reach any part of the moon to light it up. Author: Larry Image Source Waxing Crescent: This is the second phase of the moon. It looks like a large backwards “C” in the sky. Author: Larry Image Source
First Quarter: This is the third phase the moon goes through. It looks like half of the moon but really it is only a quarter because we only see half of the moon even when it is a full moon. Author: Larry Image Source Waxing Gibbous: This is the fourth phase of the moon and it looks like it is three-quarters of a full moon or a “D”. Author: Larry Image Source
Full Moon: This is the fifth phase. We call it a full moon even though it is only the front half of the moon that is lit up. (We never see the back half) Author: Larry Image Source Waning Gibbous: This is the sixth phase of the moon. This phase looks like a large backwards “D”. Author: Larry Image Source
Last Quarter: This is the seventh phase. This looks like the second half of a full moon. (Remember it is called “quarter” because a full moon is really only half of the whole moon!) Author: Larry Image Source Waning Crescent: This is the eighth and last phase of the moon before it starts all over with the new moon. This phase looks like a “C”. Author: Larry Image Source
This happens when the Earth’s shadow falls on the moon. It might turn a reddish-orange color. This is safe to watch. Author: Apikhomboonwaroot Image Source Author of video : Nelsdawgy Web Source
This happens when the moon goes in front of the sun. The moon will be black but the sun’s rays will be visible around the sides of the moon. This could hurt your eyes without proper gear. Author: OCAL Image Source Author of video: BBC Web Source
The moon, the sun, and the Earth work together as a team to bring us the phases of the moon and the lunar and solar eclipses. The sun illuminates the moon so that we can see it and depending on what angle the moon is at depends on what phase of the moon we see. The moon phases and the eclipses would not be the same without one of the teammates!
Pictures: ◦ Apikhomboonwaroot. (Photographer). (2011). Lunar eclipse. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/images/Space_and_Science_Fi_g289-Lunar_Eclipse_p46393.html ◦ Exsodus. (Photographer). (2012). Full moon. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/images/Coastal_And_Oceans_g117-Full_Moon_p75231.html ◦ M. (Artist). (2008). Moon soup (no bowl, no moon). [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://rickpdx.wordpress.com/2008/12/22/the-gospel-of-sri-ramakrishna-by-m/ ◦ OCAL. (Photographer). (2007). Eclipse. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.clker.com/clipart- 14051.html ◦ Sessions, L. (Photographer). (2008). Lunar phases. [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.ccaurora.edu/observatory/101/notes/notes2.htm Videos: ◦ Antoineetmoi. (Designer). (2006). Moon phases. [Web Video]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2aFGNGEcDOk&feature=player_embedded ◦ BBC. (Producer). (2010). The solar eclipse in varanasi - wonders of the solar system - series 1 episode 1 preview - bbc two . [Web Video]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eOvWioz4PoQ ◦ Nelsdawgy. (Photographer). (2007). Eclipse-lunar eclipse-august 28, 2007 hawaii. [Web Video]. Retrieved from http://www.neok12.com/php/watch.php?v=zX005c5d181a5e68775c0706&t=Eclipse ◦ Wetherell, T. (Artist). (2007). Phases of the moon 3d animation. [Web Video]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7vUObZwLJ8A