Labor and childbirth


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Labor and childbirth

  1. 1. Chapter 16:Child Birth and Labor Siobhan Kelly
  2. 2. What Causes Labor• In a normal pregnancy, between 37-42 weeks is when labor begins.• Changes in hormonal levels in the women and the baby influence the timing of labor.• Also, the maturity and size of the baby play a role in labor.
  3. 3. Signs of Labor• Mucus seal may come out, tinged pink or streaked with blood• Loose stool• Cramps• Frequent contractions• Leaking of fluids• “water broke” or rupture of membranes.
  4. 4. Cesarean Section• Also known as the C-Section• The mother is given a spinal or epidural to make the abdomen and legs completely numb but the mother is completely awake and alert.• Cesarean sections are associated with a greater risk of death to the mother than having a vaginal delivery.• Babies born from a c-section are more likely to experience asthma as a child and is less likely to breastfeed.
  5. 5. Giving Birth• Intense contractions, a powerful opening up feeling and rectal pressure are several signs that indicate you are completely dilated.• Breathing deeply can help you relax.• Pushing is a way of moving the baby down while giving your body just what it wants, it can be very relieving.
  6. 6. Once The Baby is Born• Breast feeding will be easier for the baby to adapt to if it is nursed within the first hour or two after birth.• Breast feeding after birth can be helpful to the mother also because it causes the uterus to contract to expel the placenta and slow down any bleeding.• Cutting the umbilical cord is not always done immediately after birth, some doctors wait until it is confirmed that the baby is breathing.
  7. 7. Once The Baby is Born• Delivering the placenta is the end of the birthing process.• The umbilical cord lengthens, a contraction occurs and the placenta is expelled.• It is important that there is not fragments of placenta remaining in the uterus because it can cause hemorrhaging.
  8. 8. Interesting Quotes My favorite part about this chapter is that it shared actually experiences that women had during their child birthing process. The one that I enjoyed the most was this, it is so beautiful:“ I was in awe as I gazed into my baby’s face for the first time. He wasn’t crying, just looking intently at me. He was so tiny and new, but those eyes- they were so luminous and wise. He seemed regal; he had so much presence.”
  9. 9. OpinionWhen choosing a topic, I was immediately sure that I wanted to do the Childbirth and Labor section. I have always known that I wanted to work in the health field but until recently I have discovered that labor and childbirth interest me most. It is such a beautiful and natural process. I loved learning more about childbirth and they there are actually things that you can do to ease the pain during labor.