+                      Lawrence       Harlem    Lawrence and Harlem:    Reviving Transit Friendly Areas                   ...
+                                           Lawrence                           Harlem    CTA Typology:        Major Activi...
+    Major Activity Centers                                                                          INTRO               L...
+ Intro to Transit                                                        LawrenceLawrence:Lawrence’s transit is robust be...
+ Residents’ Income                                                                           INTRO               Lawrence...
+    FORM                                                                                   INTRO                   Lawren...
+    USE: Entertainment & Shopping                                             INTRO         Lawrence           Harlem    ...
+    FORM: Parking Lots                                             INTRO         Lawrence           Harlem               ...
+    PATTERN: Streets & Stations                                                                                    INTRO ...
+ Fares & Ped Sheds                                                        LawrenceIn 2011, the Lawrence stop collected 1,...
+    How Nearby Residents Go to Work                                                            MODE              Lawrence...
+           Modes of Transit:                                              MODE             Lawrence          = Photo Area...
+     Modes of Transit:                                            MODE        Harlem    = Photo Area       = Station Entr...
+Transit Gateway Project                                                         Lawrence8/2/2012: The area shown in the p...
+                           REVIVED    Revived Commerce:       Marion Street                   Pedestrian                 ...
+   Revived Commerce:                        REVIVED       Marion Street
+            Revival                                                       LawrenceThe area around the Lawrence stop is bu...
+                                     REVIVE    Tax Increment Financing (TIF)         Lawrence           Harlem
+                                                                           REVIVE                                        ...
+                                              REVIVE      Commercial Revival?         Broadway                     Street...
+                            REVIVED    Revived Commerce:        Lake Street                   Native plants,             ...
+                                                                  REVIVE                         Residential Revivals?   ...
+                                                    REVIVED              Residences Revived:                Franklin Stre...
+ Conclusion                                                             LawrenceLawrence:   Lawrence’s high density, adap...
+    Sources       Caro, Mark. “Uptown Theater: Polishing an Old Jewel.”        Chicago Tribune, 10/11/2011       Cook C...
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Reviving Transit Friendly Areas

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Reviving Transit Friendly Areas

  1. 1. + Lawrence Harlem Lawrence and Harlem: Reviving Transit Friendly Areas Samantha Kearney UPP 558, Nov. 2012
  2. 2. + Lawrence Harlem CTA Typology: Major Activity Centers Service areas: Lawrence: Uptown Harlem: Oak Park, Forest Park, and River Forest
  3. 3. + Major Activity Centers INTRO Lawrence Harlem Uptown has many well known  The 3 bordering towns all have concert venues, as well as shopping & dining shopping & dining Opulent historic structures:  Near two well maintained some neglected, others adapted historic districts Robust nightlife  Mild nightlife More dense  Less dense, but still busy Competitive parking  Competitive parking smattering of parking lots many parking lots lower car ownership higher car ownership
  4. 4. + Intro to Transit LawrenceLawrence:Lawrence’s transit is robust because its nightlifeinvolves drinking & attracts concert crowds, andbecause its many neighboring lower incomeresidents can’t afford cars (or choose not to drive).Harlem:Harlem is near several shopping plazas, whichattract drivers as well as alternate transit users.Harlem has a mild nightlife, as the area was dryuntil recently, so driving is not an obstacle, yetmore CTA fares are collected at Harlem thanat Lawrence. Harlem
  5. 5. + Residents’ Income INTRO Lawrence Harlem  Over half of the residents make  Incomes of residents are more less than $25,000 annually evenly distributed less than less than $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 - 20.99% 28.88% 24.21% $25,000 - $49,999 $49,999 12.10% 51.56% $50,000 - $50,000 - $74,999 15.35% 17.49% 29.42% $74,999 $75,000 + $75,000 +
  6. 6. + FORM INTRO Lawrence Harlem  Mixed use buildings, theaters,  Mixed use buildings, businesses, multi & single businesses, multi & single family residences, parking family residences, parking  Density of residential areas: 74  Density of residential areas: 33 population: 8,151 population: 2,876 residential acres: 110 residential acres: 86  Older sidewalks &  Newer sidewalks & infrastructure infrastructure  less pedestrian friendly  very pedestrian friendly  Vacant storefronts  Award winning renovations  Inadequate lighting  Illinois chapter of APA  Congress for New Urbanism
  7. 7. + USE: Entertainment & Shopping INTRO Lawrence Harlem = Station Entrances 100 m 100 m
  8. 8. + FORM: Parking Lots INTRO Lawrence Harlem = Station Entrances 100 m 100 m
  9. 9. + PATTERN: Streets & Stations INTRO Lawrence Harlem  Near many arterial streets  Near several arterial streets = Station Entrances  Commercial corridors:  Commercial corridors: Broadway, Lawrence, Sheridan Lake, Marion, Harlem = Other Stations 200 m 200 m
  10. 10. + Fares & Ped Sheds LawrenceIn 2011, the Lawrence stop collected 1,121,249fares, fewer than the 1,159,189 fares collected bythe Harlem stop. This is typical for other years.This may be because Harlem is the terminus of theGreen Line, so people might be willing to comefrom farther west to get to it. Also, Lawrence is twoblocks from the Wilson and Argyle stops, narrowingLawrence’s ped shed.Lawrence’s ped shed is smaller than Harlem’s. Harlem
  11. 11. + How Nearby Residents Go to Work MODE Lawrence Harlem 2% 1% 8% 8% 6% 9% 43% 50% 31% 42% drive transit walk drive transit walk bike other bike other
  12. 12. + Modes of Transit: MODE Lawrence = Photo Area = Station Entrance Bus Bike Lane Small Bike Rack
  13. 13. + Modes of Transit: MODE Harlem = Photo Area = Station Entrance Bus Long Bike Rack
  14. 14. +Transit Gateway Project Lawrence8/2/2012: The area shown in the previous slidereceived a $1.1 million federal grant for the “TransitGateway Project” to expand the APA & Congress ofNew Urbanism award winning improvements alongMarion Street to South Boulevard by the CTA station.“Oak Park… stands to be a regional model forlocal revitalization that incorporates transit,walking, biking and economic development.”-- Senator Dick Durbin (D-IL) Harlem
  15. 15. + REVIVED Revived Commerce: Marion Street Pedestrian Lighting
  16. 16. + Revived Commerce: REVIVED Marion Street
  17. 17. + Revival LawrenceThe area around the Lawrence stop is bustling withcommercial activity, and its density is significant.It is less reliant on cars than the Harlem area,yet it also seems less pedestrian friendly.Pedestrian traffic is hindered by an unwelcomingstreetscape that can be unsafe. Some buildings arevacant, most notably the Uptown Theater.The successful methods used around Harlemcan be considered for the area around Lawrence.• ~ Building vacancies may dwindle ~ Pedestrian safety would increase Harlem ~ Businesses could prosper
  18. 18. + REVIVE Tax Increment Financing (TIF) Lawrence Harlem
  19. 19. + REVIVE Uptown Theater Purchased by Jam Productions in 2008 for $3.2 Million Cost of renovation: $55 - $70 Million The Elephant in the Room: Can The Uptown be Restored? “It can happen now because people are finally seeing the intertwined connection between culture and economic development” -- Mayor Rahm Emanuel
  20. 20. + REVIVE Commercial Revival? Broadway Street lights are Uptown Theater uninspiring, not for is vacant pedestrians, only cars
  21. 21. + REVIVED Revived Commerce: Lake Street Native plants, benches
  22. 22. + REVIVE Residential Revivals? Lawrence Ave. Street lights are uninspiring, not for Apartments and tree pedestrians, only cars lined side streetsSpanishRevivalis lowincome Storefronts are vacant, Art Deco building ishousing sidewalks are boring a retirement home
  23. 23. + REVIVED Residences Revived: Franklin Street Sidewalk bump-outs are Single nice, but will not work so family well for streets with buses housing Multi- family housing
  24. 24. + Conclusion LawrenceLawrence: Lawrence’s high density, adaptive reuse, and transit oriented residents make the area very sustainable and even efficient (although its many vacant buildings count against it in this category, and make the area less viable).Harlem: Some areas around Harlem encourage driving more than others, but in general the permeable pavers, use of native plants, reuse of buildings, and commitment to improving inter-modal transportation supports sustainability. The Harlem area is quite viable and efficient because Harlem it has fewer vacancies, well established residents, and because its infrastructure continues to improve.
  25. 25. + Sources  Caro, Mark. “Uptown Theater: Polishing an Old Jewel.” Chicago Tribune, 10/11/2011  Cook County Clerk’s TIF District Maps: http://www.cookcountyclerk.com/aboutus/map_room/pages/tifmaps.aspx  CTA Ridership Reports, 2011  Google Maps  Oak Park’s Community Planning & Development Dpt. http://www.oak-park.us/planning/planning_marion_street.htm  Terra Engineering (Marion Street Project) http://www.terraengineering.com  TOD Database (by the Center for Transit Oriented Development) which generated data from the US Census Bureau for the ¼ mile radius areas around the Lawrence and Harlem CTA stops.  www.undercity.org/Chicago_UptownTheater_GALLERY/index.html

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