DTH Technology

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DTH Technology

  1. 2. <ul><li>A wireless digital audio / video service is delivered through satellite. </li></ul><ul><li>Idea was 1st proposed in 1996, but they did not pass approval because there were concerns over national security and a cultural invasion. </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. put a ban in 1997 when the Rupert Murdoch-owned Indian Sky Broadcasting (ISkyB) was about to launch its DTH services in India. </li></ul><ul><li>Passed approval in 2000 but the signals can be transmitted through Indian satellite. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost and validity period of DTH license. </li></ul>
  2. 3. 53% 30% 15% 2% Market Size of over Rs. 1,428 crore
  3. 4. <ul><li>Broadcast stations use a powerful antenna to transmit radio waves to the surrounding area. Viewers can pick up the signal with a much smaller antenna. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to receive these signals, you have to be in the direct line of sight of the antenna. Since the planet is curved, it eventually breaks the signal's line of sight. </li></ul><ul><li>The other problem with Broadcast TV is that the signal is often distorted, even in the viewing area. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Satellite TV solves the problems by transmitting broadcast signals from satellites orbiting the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Satellites are higher in the sky than TV antennas, so they have a much larger line of sight range. </li></ul><ul><li>The TV satellites stay in one place in the sky relative to the Earth and revolve around the planet once every 24 hours </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Satellite TV customers get their programming through a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) provider, such as DirecTV or DISH Network </li></ul><ul><li>The provider selects programs and broadcasts them to subscribers as a set package. </li></ul><ul><li>The provider's broadcast is completely digital , which means it has much better picture and sound quality </li></ul><ul><li>Digital broadcast satellite transmits programming in the Ku frequency range (11.7 GHz to 14.5 GHz ) </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Programming Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Channels that provide programming for broadcast. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The provider doesn't create original programming itself; it pays other companies (HBO, for example, or ESPN) for the right to broadcast their content via satellite. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In this way, the provider is kind of like a broker between you and the actual programming sources. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broadcast Center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The central hub of the system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The TV provider receives signals from various programming sources and beams a broadcast signal to satellites in geosynchronous orbit. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Satellites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Receive the signals from the broadcast station and rebroadcast them to Earth. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Viewer's Dish </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Picks up the signal from the satellite (or multiple satellites in the same part of the sky) and passes it on to the receiver in the viewer's house. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Receiver </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Processes the signal and passes it on to a standard TV. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Satellite signals have a pretty long path to follow before they appear on your TV screen in the form of your favorite TV show. </li></ul><ul><li>Because satellite signals contain such high-quality digital data, it would be impossible to transmit them without compression . </li></ul><ul><li>Compression simply means that unnecessary or repetitive information is removed from the signal before it is transmitted. </li></ul><ul><li>The signal is reconstructed after transmission. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Satellite TV uses a special type of video file compression standardized by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) </li></ul><ul><li>With MPEG compression, the provider is able to transmit significantly more channels </li></ul><ul><li>MPEG Standards: MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4 and MPEG-21 </li></ul><ul><li>MPEG-4 was originally designed for streaming video in small-screen media like computers </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite TV uses MPEG-4 compression as it provides high definition of quickly-moving objects that constantly change place and direction on the screen </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>At the broadcast center, the high-quality digital stream of video goes through an MPEG encoder , which converts the programming to MPEG-4. </li></ul><ul><li>Encoding works in conjunction with compression to analyze each video frame and eliminate redundant or irrelevant data. </li></ul><ul><li>The provider then encrypts it to keep people from accessing it for free. </li></ul><ul><li>The broadcast center beams it directly to one of its satellites. </li></ul><ul><li>The satellite picks up the signal with an onboard dish, amplifies the signal and uses another dish to beam the signal back to Earth, where viewers can pick it up. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>When the signal reaches the viewer's house, it is captured by the satellite dish. </li></ul><ul><li>The standard dish consists of a parabolic (bowl-shaped) surface and a central feed horn . </li></ul><ul><li>To transmit a signal, a controller sends it through the horn, and the dish focuses the signal into a relatively narrow beam. </li></ul><ul><li>To receive a signal, a beam hits the curved dish which reflects the radio signal inward onto a particular point. </li></ul><ul><li>The central element in the feed horn is the low noise blockdown converter (LNB) which amplifies the radio signal, filters out the noise and passes the signal to the satellite receiver inside the viewer's house. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>The end component in the entire satellite TV system is the receiver . </li></ul><ul><li>The receiver has four essential jobs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It decrypts the encrypted signal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It takes the digital MPEG-2 or MPEG-4 signal and converts it into an analog format that a standard television can recognize. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It extracts the individual channels from the larger satellite signal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It keeps track of pay-per-view programs and periodically phones a computer at the provider's headquarters to communicate billing information. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Describes a number of techniques that allow viewers to interact with television content as they view it </li></ul><ul><li>Forms of interaction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pick up a programming schedule signal from the provider and present this information in an onscreen programming guide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parental lock-out options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built-in digital video recorders (DVRs), which let you pause live television or record it on a hard drive. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video on demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial ads skipping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T-commerce - Converts a sales transaction through the television. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Thank You!!!

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