Organization and Representation of Information / knowledgeArlene G. Taylor LIS Issues and Trends – Susan Seifried, presenter
A Quick Introduction… The chapter covers general concepts of how recorded information/knowledge is organized and made easily and readily accessible to the information seeker. Taylor’s definition of “recorded information/knowledge” What do you think of her definition of ‘knowledge’ and ‘information’?
Six Functions of Bibliographic Control Taken from The Bibliographic Record and Information Technology by Ronald Hagler: Marketing, advertising, promotion. Breaking down the content of the recorded knowledge Pulling resources into a collection Producing ‘lists’ of information resources prepared according to standard rules for citation. Providing Name, Title, Subject and other useful access points. Giving the information seeker the ability to locate the resource needed.
Producing ‘lists’ of information resources prepared according to standard rules for citation. An ISBD Formatted Record: 1: title and statement of responsibility area 2: edition area 3: material or type of resource specific area (for example, the scale of a map or the numbering of a periodical) 4: publication, production, distribution, etc., area 5: physical description area (for example: number of pages in a book or number of CDs issued as a unit) 6: series area 7: notes area 8: resource identifier (e.g. ISBN, ISSN) and terms of availability area Cataloging! Creating a Description ISBD AACR2 Dublin Core MODS And others..
Providing Name, Title, Subject and other useful access points… What are… Access points and Authority control?? …and why are they so important?
Subject Analysis, Part One... Controlled vocabularies LCSH (Library of Congress Subject Headings) FAST (Faceted Access to Subject Terminology) Sears List of Subject Headings Examples of LCSH: Women politicians-India-Bibliography Homeless women-India-Bibliography Women politicians-United States-Bibliography From The Library of Congress: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/awhhtml/awgc1/lc_subject.html
…And Part Two. Classification DDC (Dewey Decimal Classification) LCC (Library of Congress Classification) UDC (Universal Decimal Classification) Dewey Decimal Classification 900 – History, geography, and biography 930 History of ancient world 934 History of ancient world; India 950 General history of Asia; Far East 954 General history of Asia; South Asia; India
And we cant forget Encoding! We need to do MORE?!? MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging) SIGML/XML (Standard Generalized Markup Language/eXtensible Markup Language) Basic Example of MARC Encoding: 0XX Control information, identification and classification numbers, etc. 1XX Main entries 2XX Titles and title paragraph (title, edition, imprint) 3XX Physical description, etc. 4XX Series statements 5XX Notes 6XX Subject access fields 7XX Added entries other than subject or series; linking fields 8XX Series added entries, holdings, etc. 9XX Reserved for local implementation
Please take a handout to find more information and resources about the topics covered in this chapter and presentation. Thank you!! Conclusions, Comments and Questions?