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Searching For Ratios Using Fame

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  • 1. Searching for Ratios using FAME
  • 2. What are ratios
    Ratios allow you to assess, the liquidity, solvency, efficiency and profitability of a company
    Ratios allow you to gauge a company’s performance over time or against the performance of other companies
    The financial information on the Balance Sheet allow ratios to be calculated
  • 3. What do ratios tell you about a company
    Ratios allow you to assess the:
    Liquidity of a company or it’s ability to meet its current financial obligations with cash and the current assets it has
    Solvency of a company or it’s ability to meet it’s long-term obligations
    Efficiency of a company or how effectively it is operating. Efficiency, therefore is a good measure of profitability
    Profitability of a company or a definitive evaluation of the overall effectiveness of management based on the returns generated on sales and investment
  • 4. What are the main ratios?
    Liquidity Ratios:
    • Current ratio – current assets divided by current liabilities
    • 5. Quick or acid-test ratio – current assets minus stock divided by current liabilities
    • 6. Defensive interval – your most liquid assets divided by daily operating expenses
  • What are the main ratios?
    Solvency Ratios:
    • Gearing - A general term that compares some form of owner's equity (or capital) to borrowed funds.
    • 7. Gearing is a the degree to which a firm's activities are funded by owner's funds against creditor's funds
  • What are the main ratios?
    Efficiency Ratios
    • Debtors’ turnover – average credit sales divided by debtors over 365 days or how quickly you are collecting the debts that are due to you within a year
    • 8. Creditors’ turnovers – average purchases divided by average credit purchases or how long you take to pay suppliers for items bought on credit
    • 9. Stock turnover – average stock, i.e. opening stock + closing stock divided by 2 and then divided by cost of sales or how long you hold stock before selling
  • What are the main ratios?
    Profitability Ratios:
    • Gross Profit Margin – gross profit as a percentage of sales: this is a good figure with which to compare with others in the same sector
    • 10. Net Profit Margin - net profit margin is the net profit (i.e. profit less costs except interest and tax) expressed as a percentage of sales
    • 11. Return on capital employed - The net profit expressed as a percentage of capital employed
  • How do you search for ratios using FAME
    FAME allows you to search on of 27 different ratios
    You can select companies within a given sector or peer group with which to compare
    You can select a company with which to compare over time
    You can create a research format, highlighting the ratios you require
    You can export your data into other software programs such as Excel in either a standard or graphic report
  • 12. Open your browser and type in the Learning Resources web address into the location bar ……..
    www.lr.mdx.ac.uk
    Select Electronic Resources
  • 13. Make sure that you have set your institutional cookie
    Scroll down to the bottom of the Electronic Resources page and click on to the link
    Once you’ve clicked on to the link, a pop-up window will appear and then close automatically – you only need to do this once
  • 14. Log into Athens
    Athens is an authenticating system thatallows students to access Middlesex University databases outside of the university
    Click on to the Athens link
    Log in using your IT user ID and your network password and once you have accepted the terms and conditions, you will be presented with a list of databases
  • 15. Searching FAME
    Scroll down and choose FAME from the list of databases
  • 16. About FAME
    FAME is a database that contains information about companies in the UK and Ireland
    They provide extensive support from their user guide
  • 17. Extracting ratios from FAME
    Imagine that you are interested in comparing the ratios of companies in the clothing industry in London
    Making sure that you are in Expert Search, click on Activity/Industry
    Select Major Sectors and then Textiles…..
  • 18. Comparing ratios across companies
    Refine your results by geography
    • Click on Geographical Location, County and then choose London
  • Reducing your results for analysis
    Reduce your results in order to perform a ratio analysis – FAME will, however, pick out 10 standard companies from your search results
    Choose companies with total assets of between 100 and 500 thousand
    Select Financials – key financial – total assets from the left hand panel
    The default is thousands of pounds – put in a minimum of 100 and a maximum of 500
  • 19. Reduce the selected companies by their total assets
  • 20. Look at the summary of your search choices
  • 21. Comparing ratios across companies
    Imagine that you want to perform a current ratio analysis of a selection of companies for the last available year
    Click on List from the left hand selection of tabs
    Ignore the preset list of formats and select new
    Choose ratios from the Sections pull down list
  • 22. Creating a report format
    • Don’t forget to save your format with a memorable name
  • Saving your results
    Once you have a list of companies together with their current ratio, export them into Excel from which you can create a variety of charts
  • 23. Exporting your Report into Excel
    Select Export
    Choose a file name and then export
  • 24. Exporting…..
    A pop-up window will appear
  • 25. Opening the report
    Double click on the link to open the report in Excel
  • 26. A graphic representation of ratios
    Within Excel, there are options to represent your ratio information graphically
    Select Insert
    Highlight the rows and columns that you want to include and choose a chart
  • 27. The End
    Back to the beginning

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