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Battles of Alexander the Great
 

Battles of Alexander the Great

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Snr Modern History Qld

Snr Modern History Qld
St Mary's College

Battles of Alexander the Great

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    Battles of Alexander the Great Battles of Alexander the Great Presentation Transcript

    • Alexander the Great
      The Macedonian army & the major battles of his campaign
      Year 11 Ancient History
    • The Macedonian Army
      INFANTRY
      • Phalanx
      • Developed by Phillip II & Alexander
      • These soldiers fought in close-ranked rectangular formations which could spear through enemy cavalry and infantry from a safe distance
      • Could also be quickly manoeuvred into battle and travel quickly
      • Hypaspists
      • The elite arm of the Macedonian infantry, armed with spears
      • Would protect the right flank of the Phalanx
      Phalanx in formation
    • The Macedonian Army
      CAVALRY
      • Hetairoi
      • The elite arm of the Macedonia army
      • Regarded as the best cavalry of the Ancient World
      • Would dominate other cavalry in battle
      • Thessalian Cavalry
      • Used short spears and javelins
      • Highly manoeuvrable in battle
      • Used to defend the left flank of the army in battle
      • Light Cavalry and Allies
      • Used for reconnaissance, scouting ahead & to fill lines during an attack or defence
    • The Macedonian Army
      SIEGE
      • Catapult
      • Developed by the Greeks in order to attack and destroy enemy structures and buildings.
      • Uses a range of tensions to hurl large and heavy objects at designated targets
      • According to historian DiodorusSiculus, this siege weapon was first used in 399 BCE
      • Ballista
      • Similar to catapult, but uses large
      arrow shaped projectiles
    • Battle of Granicus River (334)
      Lebrun. Source: Encyclopedie Larousse Illustre 1898.
    • Battle of Granicus River (334)
      Alexander leads his army across the Hellespont to meet Darius’ forces led by Memnon of Rhodes
      History Channel, Battle of Granicus
    • Battle of Granicus River (334)
    • Battle of Issus (333)
    • Battle of Issus (333)
    • Battle of Issus (333)
    • Siege of Tyre (332)