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Alexander the Great<br />The Macedonian army & the major battles of his campaign<br />Year 11 Ancient History<br />
The Macedonian Army<br />INFANTRY<br /><ul><li>Phalanx
 Developed by Phillip II & Alexander
 These soldiers fought in close-ranked rectangular formations which could spear through enemy cavalry and infantry from a ...
 Could also be quickly manoeuvred into battle and travel quickly
Hypaspists
The elite arm of the Macedonian infantry, armed with spears
Would protect the right flank of the Phalanx</li></ul>Phalanx in formation<br />
The Macedonian Army<br />CAVALRY<br /><ul><li>Hetairoi
 The elite arm of the Macedonia army
 Regarded as the best cavalry of the Ancient World
 Would dominate other cavalry in battle
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Battles of Alexander the Great

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Snr Modern History Qld
St Mary's College

Battles of Alexander the Great

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Transcript of "Battles of Alexander the Great"

  1. 1. Alexander the Great<br />The Macedonian army & the major battles of his campaign<br />Year 11 Ancient History<br />
  2. 2. The Macedonian Army<br />INFANTRY<br /><ul><li>Phalanx
  3. 3. Developed by Phillip II & Alexander
  4. 4. These soldiers fought in close-ranked rectangular formations which could spear through enemy cavalry and infantry from a safe distance
  5. 5. Could also be quickly manoeuvred into battle and travel quickly
  6. 6. Hypaspists
  7. 7. The elite arm of the Macedonian infantry, armed with spears
  8. 8. Would protect the right flank of the Phalanx</li></ul>Phalanx in formation<br />
  9. 9. The Macedonian Army<br />CAVALRY<br /><ul><li>Hetairoi
  10. 10. The elite arm of the Macedonia army
  11. 11. Regarded as the best cavalry of the Ancient World
  12. 12. Would dominate other cavalry in battle
  13. 13. Thessalian Cavalry
  14. 14. Used short spears and javelins
  15. 15. Highly manoeuvrable in battle
  16. 16. Used to defend the left flank of the army in battle
  17. 17. Light Cavalry and Allies
  18. 18. Used for reconnaissance, scouting ahead & to fill lines during an attack or defence</li></li></ul><li>The Macedonian Army<br />SIEGE<br /><ul><li> Catapult
  19. 19. Developed by the Greeks in order to attack and destroy enemy structures and buildings.
  20. 20. Uses a range of tensions to hurl large and heavy objects at designated targets
  21. 21. According to historian DiodorusSiculus, this siege weapon was first used in 399 BCE
  22. 22. Ballista
  23. 23. Similar to catapult, but uses large </li></ul>arrow shaped projectiles<br />
  24. 24.
  25. 25. Battle of Granicus River (334)<br />Lebrun. Source: Encyclopedie Larousse Illustre 1898.<br />
  26. 26. Battle of Granicus River (334)<br />Alexander leads his army across the Hellespont to meet Darius’ forces led by Memnon of Rhodes<br />History Channel, Battle of Granicus<br />
  27. 27. Battle of Granicus River (334)<br />
  28. 28. Battle of Issus (333)<br />
  29. 29. Battle of Issus (333)<br />
  30. 30. Battle of Issus (333)<br />
  31. 31. Siege of Tyre (332)<br />
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