Questions to ask: Do you think the combination of “health,” “education,” and “wealth” adequately measures “human development”? Why or why not? What other measures of “human development” might you include if you were to create your own human development index (e.g., environment, leisure, happiness, etc.)?
Is “life expectancy at birth” a good measure of health? Why or why not? Can you think of other ways to measure “health” that might bring about different results (e.g., obesity rates, infant mortality rate, etc.)? Is the combination of “adult literacy” and “gross enrollment” a good measure of “education”? Why or why not? Can you think of other ways to measure “education” that might bring about different results (e.g., percent in college, test scores, etc.)? Is “GDP per capita” a good measure of “wealth”? Why or why not? Can you think of other ways to measure “wealth” that might bring about different results (e.g., income inequality, poverty rates, etc.)?
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX M.SIVASUBRAMANIAN
What is Human Development index? It is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and a decent standard of living.
THE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT Human Development is a development paradigm that is about much more than the rise or fall of national incomes. People are the real wealth of nations.
HDI It is an index used to rank countries by level of "human development", which usually also implies whether a country is developed, developing, or underdeveloped .
Mahbub ul Haq Founder of the Human Development Report
QUOTE - MAHBUB UL HAQ ‘ People are the real wealth of a nation. The basic objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to enjoy long, healthy and creative lives.’
The origins of the HDI UNDPs Human Development Reports (HDRs). These were launched in 1990 and had the explicit purpose: ‘‘to shift the focus of development economics from national income accounting to people centered policies.’’
The origins of the HDI It was Amartya Sen’s work on capabilities and functionings that provided the underlying conceptual framework.
YOUTH DEVELOPMENT INDEX Health Knowledge Decent Standard of Living Population age 13 - 35 with Knowledge Of HIV AIDS 0.34% Literacy Rates 13 – 35 = 82% Male- 73 % Female – 48 % Unemployment Rate , Age 13 – 35 9.50%
INDIA The HDI for India is 0.612, which gives the country a rank of 134 th out of 182 countries with data.
CONCLUSION The Human Development Index (HDI) has been a politically powerful counter-point to measures of “development” that focus exclusively on economic indicators, such as Gross Domestic Product per capita or household consumption expenditures.